What is being done to change the gang

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What is being done to change the gang culture of Cape Town ? by

What is being done to change the gang culture of Cape Town ? by Miles Holt

Why I chose this topic § Ex- gangsters stayed at my house when they

Why I chose this topic § Ex- gangsters stayed at my house when they visited England. § Visited Cape Town in 2012 for a friend’s wedding. § Met rehabilitated gangsters and discovered the Cape Flats § Culture of gangs captured my attention and I wanted to know more.

Assessment of alternatives § I thought about doing something sport related, as I am

Assessment of alternatives § I thought about doing something sport related, as I am into football and tennis. I was thinking about talking about how money is now so evident in football. § However I did not have such a passion for this topic and I did not think it would be as interesting to research. § The opportunity of going to Cape Town and seeing what I was researching first hand for me was the deciding factor. § I also considered looking at the history of Apartheid in South Africa but this didn't hold as much interest for me as researching the gang culture which is still a more current issue.

The planning process § First I created a mind map, brainstorming ideas. I tried

The planning process § First I created a mind map, brainstorming ideas. I tried to pick out different sub topics which would help make up the whole project. I tried to identify key points to research. § I knew I had my log on Moodle which I needed to keep to, filing it out and making deadlines. § I also thought about the objectives I wanted to achieve for example informing about the current gang problem in Cape Town

Approach to research § Primary – wanted to do unstructured interview. Speak to locals

Approach to research § Primary – wanted to do unstructured interview. Speak to locals in Cape Town. § Secondary – Many website links, book ‘the number’ along with the Nelson Mandela film and Ross Kemp documentary.

Field research in Cape Town § Revisited Cape Town in the summer of 2013.

Field research in Cape Town § Revisited Cape Town in the summer of 2013. § Stayed in Cape Flats area of Bridge Town at the Impact Centre. § Did interview with Bradley Naidoo. § One of the only whites there. § Tour of the Flats with Bradley. § Conversation with current gangster.

The gang culture in Cape Town § Mainly in Cape Flats area. § The

The gang culture in Cape Town § Mainly in Cape Flats area. § The Gangs : The Americans, Hard Livings. § Gang territories § 60% of gang related crime in SA comes from CT. § Shootings take place in streets. § Police are paid to keep quiet.

The Numbers Gangs § Gangs that started in Pollsmoor prison. § Spread to other

The Numbers Gangs § Gangs that started in Pollsmoor prison. § Spread to other areas of SA. § Keep your number for life. § Each number has a different role in prison. § 26 s - cleaning § 27 s - assassins § 28 s - food

Socio economic factors § Absent fathers – Charles Murray theory § Drug trade §

Socio economic factors § Absent fathers – Charles Murray theory § Drug trade § Lack of opportunity and provision – Albert K. Cohen § Lack of finance

Organisations who are influential in changing the culture… § RLABS – social enterprise §

Organisations who are influential in changing the culture… § RLABS – social enterprise § Impact centre – where I stayed § Hannover Park – first community resource centre. § Ex – gangsters helping in community.

Final Overview of project as a whole and what I have learnt § I

Final Overview of project as a whole and what I have learnt § I have learnt how to reference. § To be better organised. § There is some much more that can be done. § Evaluating is a good way to improve.