- Slides: 27
What Are Setting and Plot? Feature Menu Setting Plot Influences problem and resolution Basic Situation Gives sense of reality Creates atmosphere Conflict Complications Climax Resolution Your Turn
Setting I. Setting A. The setting is where and when the action of a story takes place. B. The setting can influence a story in many ways. 1. Setting can influence the plot and it’s resolution. 2. The setting can give the story a sense of reality. 3. The setting can create an atmosphere.
Setting In many stories, setting is essential to the plot. A rain forest A big city The Arctic The setting in each of these stories controls the action. The story couldn’t take place anywhere else.
Setting Influence on Story’s Problem and Resolution In some stories, characters are in an external conflict with the setting: people surviving on a cold mountain with no food animals trapped by a raging forest fire a person marooned in a small boat in the middle of the ocean The setting poses a challenge. If the characters triumph over the problem, the story has a happy resolution. [End of Section]
Setting Gives Story a Sense of Reality Vivid details help make a setting seem real. You can imagine how people live and dress • what they eat and where they work • [End of Section]
Setting Creates atmosphere Writers often use setting to create an atmosphere or mood. Somber Creepy Relaxed [End of Section]
Setting Quick Check The smell of pine made Ben dizzy—or Which words in perhaps it was the height. Either way, he the passage help and Tara had lost the desire to chat. you imagine Squirrels scampered and chattered in where the scene takes place? the limbs that supported the heavy wooden floor. Birds flew in close by to have a look at them, and all around them the long arms of pine trees waved in approval of the old hideout.
Setting Quick Check With just enough kerosene to last until the next wagon to the fort, Mama turned down the lamp and set it on the hearth. It was Josh’s turn to poke at the coals and make the room glow. Jenny was outside tightening the wire door around the henhouse. In another week, they could fill out a form for claiming their little part of the new territory. Using the details of this setting, tell when the story takes place.
Setting Quick Check What mood is created by the details of this From behind one of the doors came a setting? The elevator opened onto a dark, narrow hallway. One after the other, identicallooking doors lined the long corridor. faint scratching sound. Glowing dimly, a sign at the end of hall probably said EXIT, but cobwebs almost completely covered the letters. [End of Section]
II. Plot A. The plot is a series of related events that make up a story. B. Plots usually have four parts: 1. Basic Situation -who is the main character? -what do they want? -what is the character’s problem? 2. Complications (events) -additional problems that come up and keep the character from resolving the conflict
3. Climax -The most exciting part of the story -When you finally find out how the conflict will be resolved 4. Resolution -The final part of the plot -The main character’s problem is solved
III. Conflict A. There are two kinds of conflict: internal and external 1. Internal Conflict -takes place within the character 2. External Conflict -a struggle against forces outside the character
Plot Most plots have four parts. Complications Basic situation Resolution Climax
Plot You can diagram a plot like this: The resolution usually wraps up the “loose ends” of the story. The climax is the “high point” of the story. These events are the complications.
Plot Basic Situation The first part of the plot tells you about the story’s basic situation. The basic situation usually answers these questions: Who is the main character? What does the main character want? What stands in the character’s way? In other words, what is his or her problem, or conflict? [End of Section]
Plot Conflict A conflict is a struggle. In an external conflict, a character clashes with an outside force: another character or a situation.
Plot Conflict An internal conflict is a struggle that takes place within a character. The character might struggle to overcome fear, to exercise self-control, or to gain confidence.
Plot Conflict When the conflict involves a setting, the setting is often extreme or life threatening. [End of Section]
Plot Complications As the characters try to solve their problems, complications arise. Complications are additional problems that prevent the main character from resolving the conflict. Complications create suspense in the story. [End of Section]
Plot Climax When a story reaches its climax, it has reached its most exciting point. In the climax you find out how the conflict will be resolved, or worked out. [End of Section]
Plot Resolution In the final part of the plot, the resolution, the main character’s problem is resolved. In a mystery. . . the clues are explained. In a fairy tale. . . they all live happily ever after. In an adventure. . . the survivors may be rescued. [End of Section]
Plot Quick Check As the hot July sun slipped below the horizon, a cooling darkness filled Central Valley. Lisa had just fallen asleep when the windows of the trailer rattled like a snake giving warning. The trailer swayed back and forth. Lisa could hear the baby crying. Papa yelled, “Outside! Get out! It’s an earthquake!” 1. Who do you think the main character is? 2. What do you predict the external conflict will be?
Plot Quick Check The earth groaned, and a river of mud slid down the canyon. The family huddled together in the dark. Mama tore up a sheet to make a sling for Papa’s broken arm. Papa shined his flashlight on the wreck that used to be the trailer. “It could explode, ” he warned. “Don’t get any closer. ” This passage takes place a little later in the story. 3. What complications have come up?
Plot Quick Check The baby kept crying. Lisa’s mother said, “I have nothing to feed him. What are we going to do? ” 4. What new complications have come up? Suddenly the earth rumbled again. Lisa looked back at the trailer and saw fallen electric wires dangling all over it. 5. What do you predict the family will decide to do? Why?
Plot Quick Check Lisa stumbled down the side of the canyon. She could hear a siren coming closer. The lights of a helicopter shone on her like a spotlight. “Stop! Help us!” she cried, frantically waving her arms. The copter drifted to the ground. to to Lisa? the baby? the mother? Papa? This passage takes place later in the story. 6. Why is this event probably the climax of the story? 7. Write a resolution for this story. What happens to the family? [End of Section]
Analyze Setting and Plot Your Turn 2. Choose a fairy tale that you know well. • Draw a plot diagram like the one shown here. • Add labels describing the key parts of the story’s plot.