WGCD COMMUNITY MEETING ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT LEARNING CLUSTERS Bangkok

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WGCD COMMUNITY MEETING ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT LEARNING CLUSTERS Bangkok, Thailand Welcome! May 25, 2017 #wgcd.

WGCD COMMUNITY MEETING ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT LEARNING CLUSTERS Bangkok, Thailand Welcome! May 25, 2017 #wgcd. Bangkok

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and Agenda Opening remarks from the Gates Foundation Director of Gender Equality WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 2

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and Agenda Opening remarks from the Gates Foundation Director of Gender Equality WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 3

MEETING OBJECTIVES v Share progress on the WGCD learning agenda and provide an overview

MEETING OBJECTIVES v Share progress on the WGCD learning agenda and provide an overview of the economic empowerment learning clusters: 1) Pathways to income generation and 2) Intra-household bargaining and decision-making; v Explore and build consensus around the two learning clusters and identify how WGCD partners can collectively address gaps in the evidence-base to advance women and girls’ economic empowerment; and v Identify 2 -3 joint efforts (e. g. tools, manuscripts, conference symposia, etc. ) per cluster to further the learning agenda, outline a plan for achieving them and lay the foundation for strong collaboration among the WGCD partners moving forward.

At-a-Glance Agenda TIME 8: 30 – 9: 30 AM 9: 30 – 10: 30

At-a-Glance Agenda TIME 8: 30 – 9: 30 AM 9: 30 – 10: 30 AM 10: 30 – 10: 50 AM – 12: 20 PM 12: 30 – 2: 00 PM 2: 10 – 3: 25 PM 3: 25 – 3: 45 PM 3: 45 – 4: 30 PM 4: 30 – 5: 00 PM 5: 00 – 5: 15 PM SESSION Welcome & Introductions Learning Cluster & Question Overview Tea Break WGCD Project Gallery Walkthrough UN High-Level Panel Luncheon & Closing Remarks for the WEE Forum Located in the Watergate Ballroom Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 Group 1: Pathways to income generation Group 2: Intra-household bargaining and decision-making Tea Break Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 2 Learning Cluster Group Work Report Out Reflections and Close WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 5

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and

Welcome & Introductions WGCD Community Member Introductions Overview of WGCD Community Meeting Objectives and Agenda Opening remarks from the Gates Foundation Director of Gender Equality WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 6

Gender Equality | BMGF’s GENDER JOURNEY Women, Girls and Gender Initiative: Baseline survey across

Gender Equality | BMGF’s GENDER JOURNEY Women, Girls and Gender Initiative: Baseline survey across all 26 Foundation Program teams and evidence review Agricultural Development publishes a gender policy ‘ 08 Agricultural Development hires a PO focused on gender ‘ 12 London Summit on Family Planning ‘ 13 Women, Girls and Gender Initiative: • Evidence report • Benchmarking report Commentary in Science Data 2 x Grand Challenge: Women and Girls at the Center of Development launches a Request for Proposals ‘ 14 Focused analysis of Investments in self-help groups Gender integration primer for onboarding of foundation Program Officers (A+ Working Group) Adolescent+ working group formed Portfolio analysis of FP, MNCH and Nutrition to understand the effects of gender inequality on outcomes, assess strategies and grants, and recommend how to deliberately integrate a gender lens across the lifecycle. India Country Office hosts Gender Week Director of Gender Equality hired Social Norms work launched Convening of WGCD partners in Nairobi Internal Gender Challenge Fund (2 Rounds): 16 internal grants awarded across the foundation Women Deliver: $80 M commitment towards gender data & advocacy ‘ 15 Grand Challenge: Women and Girls at the Center of Development 1700+ proposals, 22 investments awarded A+ Grant made in Ethiopia addressing structural determinants to improve gender and health inequities among very young adolescent girls (10 -14 years) in rural Ethiopia No Ceilings Report New Parental Leave Policy ‘ 16 Seattle convening on Conceptual Model of Empowerment Approval to create first BMGF Gender Equality Strategy recieved

PUTTING WOMEN AND GIRLS AT THE CENTER OF DEVELOPMENT GRAND CHALLENGE Goal of this

PUTTING WOMEN AND GIRLS AT THE CENTER OF DEVELOPMENT GRAND CHALLENGE Goal of this portfolio of grants is to: §accelerate discovery of how to most effectively and intentionally identify and address gender inequalities and empower women and girls; §in context relevant ways scale-up approaches known to work; §do more to develop better measures of the impact of approaches to enhance women’s and girls’ empowerment and agency. Awards to project leadership in Lower Middle Income Countries for 500 k seed and $2. 5 M full grants Prefer Not To Say 7% Male 31% Cross-cutting Initiative working with 11 foundation teams: Female 62% Agriculture, Family Planning, MNCH, Nutrition, WSH, Financial Services for the Poor, Integrated Delivery, HIV, India Country Office, Strategy, Management and Evaluation, and Global Health Discovery

A Ground-Breaking Result 30+ Triagers 50+ LOI Reviewers 80+ Internal and External Proposal Reviewers

A Ground-Breaking Result 30+ Triagers 50+ LOI Reviewers 80+ Internal and External Proposal Reviewers

WOMEN & GIRLS AT THE CENTER OF DEVELOPMENT LEARNING AGENDA Measurement & Evaluation Workshop,

WOMEN & GIRLS AT THE CENTER OF DEVELOPMENT LEARNING AGENDA Measurement & Evaluation Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya, February 2016 v Inspire innovative thinking and collective capacity on measurement and evaluation approaches focusing on gender equality and empowerment of women and girls v Align around a collective learning agenda and set of measurement priorities for the Women and Girls at the Center of Development (WGCD) grants and understand how the individual M&E efforts fit into the larger agenda v Provide overview of the Grand Challenges and foster community amongst the WGCD Grand Challenge grantees and partners Learning Agenda, October 2016 v. Identify a set of hypotheses and synthesize learning and evidence on these hypotheses from the WGCD projects v. Facilitate an engaged and active community of practice for mutual learning v. Provide technical assistance and support to partners © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation |

GATES FOUNDATION GENDER EQUALITY STRATEGY

GATES FOUNDATION GENDER EQUALITY STRATEGY

WE ARE DEVELOPING A STRATEGY TO CATALYZE WOMEN TO BECOME HEALTHY, EMPOWERED ECONOMIC ACTORS

WE ARE DEVELOPING A STRATEGY TO CATALYZE WOMEN TO BECOME HEALTHY, EMPOWERED ECONOMIC ACTORS IN LMICs Women need certain things. . . …to become economic agents. . . Access to income and economic assets Her Control and benefit from economic gains Her children Her household Power to make decisions Foundational health …which has good outcomes for. . . HEALTHY & EMPOWERED FEMALE ECONOMIC ACTOR Her community Health Productivity Her health Her children’s health Her household’s health Her community’s health Her productivity Her children’s productivity Her household’s productivity Her community’s productivity © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 12

OUR GLOBAL ANALYSIS PRODUCED A TAXONOMY TO PRIORITIZE AMONG THE ELEMENTS OF WOMEN’S ECONOMIC

OUR GLOBAL ANALYSIS PRODUCED A TAXONOMY TO PRIORITIZE AMONG THE ELEMENTS OF WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT …which yielded key takeaways for our global theory of change We developed a taxonomy for how countries tend to progress towards women’s economic empowerment. . . Elements with the strongest links to WEE outcomes Women’s economic empowerment Women have the skills, resources, and opportunities needed to: Control and benefit from Access income and economic gains economic assets Make decisions over their lives Social and workplace protection Policies to promote workplace equality Women have access and control over income and assets Decent work opportunities Financial inclusion Property and assets Vocational & life skills acquisition Digital inclusion Women have the fundamental enablers for economic participation Family planning Delayed marriage Legal rights for women to work Mobility and safety in public Accelerators ▪ Public-private Partnerships with international orgs. ▪ Women’s movements & organizations ▪ ▪ ▪ Private sector job creation ▪ Women’s political participation ▪ Social norm change Seven elements have the strongest links to outcomes highlighted in yellow • Countries have achieved gains on certain elements before others suggesting generalizable grouping and prioritization • Elements are mutually reinforcing (and not independent); driving one will support others • There are varied pathways to achieve economic empowerment outcomes (which country case studies confirm) partnerships ▪ 13 elements have strong links to women’s economic empowerment • Women have equality and security as economic actors Alleviation of unpaid care work Education • Model city reform Public infrastructure Political will Public awareness campaigns © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 13

ASSESSING THE FUNDAMENTAL ENABLERS REVEALED ADOLESCENCE AND YOUTH IS CRITICAL TO WEE taxonomy Concentration

ASSESSING THE FUNDAMENTAL ENABLERS REVEALED ADOLESCENCE AND YOUTH IS CRITICAL TO WEE taxonomy Concentration in adolescence and youth Elements that have an outsized effect in adolescence Elements most strongly linked to WEE ▪ School dropout rates are 2 x higher during adolescent years in India (10 -14) relative to childhood years (5 -9), 1. 8 x higher in SSA ▪ The median age of first birth is 20 in SSA, 21 in India ▪ 26% of women give birth before 18 in SSA, 22% in South Asia 2 ▪ The median age of first marriage is 21 in SSA, 20 in India ▪ 43% get married before 18 in SSA, 56% in South Asia 3 ▪ During adolescence girls’ physical community area shrinks by 60%, on average, compared to the size of children’s community areas 4 Education Women have equality and security as economic actors Alleviation of unpaid care work Social and workplace protection Policies to promote workplace equality Family planning Women have access and control over income and assets Decent work opportunities Financial inclusion Property and assets Digital inclusion Vocational & life skills acquisition Delayed marriage Women have the fundamental enablers for economic participation Education Family planning Delayed marriage Legal rights for women to work Mobility and safety in public Mobility 1 United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics , 2 United Nations Population Fund, 3 UNICEF “Ending Child Marriage: Progress and prospects” (2014) , 4 Hallman “The Shrinking World of Girls at Puberty: Violence and Gender-Divergent Access to the Public Sphere among Adolescents in South Africa” (2014) © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 14

COUNTRY CASES SHOWED THAT WOMEN ACHIEVE WEE GAINS THROUGH DIFFERENT, Elements advanced in case

COUNTRY CASES SHOWED THAT WOMEN ACHIEVE WEE GAINS THROUGH DIFFERENT, Elements advanced in case study period CONTEXTUAL PATHWAYS Brazil Economic growth & political will for GE improved broad set of WEE outcomes Unpaid care work Decent work Education Fin. inclusion Social protection Prop. & assets Delayed marriage FP Workplace equality Dig. inclusion Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility Ethiopia Model cities set GE-focused laws which disseminated throughout the country Unpaid care work Decent work Education Fin. inclusion FP Social protection Prop. & assets Delayed marriage Bolivia Women’s movements pursued GE policies that expanded female labor force Unpaid care work Decent work Education Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility Prop. & assets Delayed marriage FP Unpaid care work Dig. inclusion Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility Decent work Education Fin. inclusion FP Social protection Prop. & assets Delayed marriage Unpaid care work Workplace equality Himachal Pradesh Government programs in hiring and land for women expanded WEE outcomes Workplace equality Dig. inclusion Fin. inclusion Social protection Bangladesh Garment industry and government programs expanded women’s opportunities Decent work Education Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility Prop. & assets Delayed marriage FP Workplace equality Dig. inclusion Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility Thailand Globalization, infrastructure investments, and family planning improved WEE Workplace equality Dig. inclusion Fin. inclusion Social protection Unpaid care work Decent work Education Fin. inclusion FP Social protection Prop. & assets Delayed marriage Workplace equality Dig. inclusion Life/voc skills Legal rights Mobility © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 15

ADOLESCENCE AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD (10 -24) IS TRAJECTORY DEFINING ON THE PATH TO WEE

ADOLESCENCE AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD (10 -24) IS TRAJECTORY DEFINING ON THE PATH TO WEE Women’s productivity, health, and empowerment Healthy, empowered economic actor • Access to income & economic assets (e. g. , formal/informal labor or entrepreneurship) • Control and benefit from economic gains (e. g. , digital financial account, savings) Opportunities e. g. , school-to-work transition • Power to make decisions (e. g. , control over reproductive health, finances) • Foundational health (e. g. , reductions in MMR, U 5 MR, morbidities) Risks e. g. , early childbirth 5 Under 5 10 Girlhood 14 Adolescence 19 Age 24 Young adulthood Adulthood Intergenerational effects (both positive & negative) © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 16

Global theory of change How can the world drive WEE? For discussion on April

Global theory of change How can the world drive WEE? For discussion on April 25 th 1 2 3 GLOBAL THEORY OF CHANGE: THE WORLD SHOULD PRIORITIZE SEVEN DRIVERS AND FOCUS ON ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH TO DRIVE WEE If the global community supports the next generation of women to prepare for tomorrow’s economies, we believe women and girls could achieve gains in economic empowerment and support intergenerational benefits The world can create paths for women to become healthy, 1 empowered, economic actors … Access to income & economic assets Control and benefit from economic gains 2 … by pulling the most catalytic levers for her economic empowerment… Education to successfully navigate … Financial inclusion Family planning … so she becomes empowered to break intergenerational cycles of poverty. Agency Alleviation of time poverty Decent work opps. 3 … and by supporting her to navigate trajectory-defining 4 transitions into womanhood… Property & assets Transition into puberty Transition into secondary school Transition into work Transition into sexual activity Transition into marriage Transition into childbearing Delayed marriage Power to make decisions Foundational health Appendix B 2 includes supporting data on intergenerational health and impact © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 17

WE PROPOSE TO PULL FOUR CATALYTIC LEVERS TO EQUIP YOUNG WOMEN FOR TOMORROW’S ECONOMIES

WE PROPOSE TO PULL FOUR CATALYTIC LEVERS TO EQUIP YOUNG WOMEN FOR TOMORROW’S ECONOMIES Enabling her to become a healthy, g oun BMGF will work on… Global public goods A Land tenure security B Financial inclusion & market integration C Family planning & youth agency y ery v e o, S an m o w pr cy & li d po rme -info ata …d n r ow n he empowered economic actor with… … has port up ms a r g o / title land Access to income and economic assets . cert nt cou t c a nk en … l ba ploym a t i g di em own for her r e in h nfo. ngs s and i i n r a s er e cce ols … h arket a d to n a n, &m atio ealth m r o dh inf g ks, tility an r o sin ment etw er fer a n l e a r h r oci rol Inc powe … s to cont m e nam her o Leading to. . Greater gender equality Control and benefit from economic gains Power to make decisions Foundational health e Contin u of pov ed cycle erty 10 Reduced poverty 24 Greater intergenerational health and empowerment © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation | 18

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters and learning questions Rotating small group discussions to provide feedback on opportunities, challenges and insights on learning clusters and questions WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 19

WGCD Learning Agenda Partnership The Women and Girls at the Center of Development (WGCD)

WGCD Learning Agenda Partnership The Women and Girls at the Center of Development (WGCD) Learning Agenda Partnership includes nearly 40 projects funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation focused on advancing gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment. ICRW is facilitating this partnership through three key activities: o Learning Community o Learning Agenda o Technical Assistance WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 20

WGCD Learning Agenda Partnership Learning Community Learning Agenda Technical Assistance Four Learning Clusters: o

WGCD Learning Agenda Partnership Learning Community Learning Agenda Technical Assistance Four Learning Clusters: o Web portal o Monthly e-mail updates o Bi-monthly webinars o Community meetings o Intra-household bargaining o and decision-making * o Pathways to income Sharing research tools and resources o generation* Reviewing data collection tools and protocols o Adolescents and agency o Mentoring on data analysis o Engaging men and boys o Guidance on journal submissions WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 21

Web portal www. icrw. org/wgcd/ WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of

Web portal www. icrw. org/wgcd/ WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 22

Learning Cluster Creation Process Intra-household bargaining & decision-making Step 1 Portfolio review: Step 2

Learning Cluster Creation Process Intra-household bargaining & decision-making Step 1 Portfolio review: Step 2 Categorized projects Technical expert by sector consultation: Identified sectoral gaps in evidence & commonalities Step 3 Deep dive: Identified clusters informed by the empowerment model Pathways to income generation Step 4 Causal inference assessment: Established rigor of evidence for contribution to learning questions Adolescents & agency Engaging men & boys 13 9 5 Number of Clusters 4 WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 23

Learning Questions Process Intra-household bargaining & decision-making (2) Step 1 WGCD partner recommendations from

Learning Questions Process Intra-household bargaining & decision-making (2) Step 1 WGCD partner recommendations from e-survey: Suggested questions for clusters relevant to them 79 Step 2 ICRW team review: Step 3 Consolidated Technical expert questions proposed consultation: by WGCD partners Prioritized 1 -3 questions per cluster 21 Pathways to income generation (1) Step 4 Literature and project reviews: Reviewed existing evidence to address key gaps and projects to ensure questions were answerable by WGCD partners 11 Number of Learning Questions Adolescents & agency (1) Engaging men & boys (1) 5 WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 24

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters and learning questions Rotational brainstorm and discussion to provide feedback on: The value of answering these questions for the field (e. g. researchers, practitioners and policy-makers) The challenges we may face WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 25

Intra-household Bargaining and Decision-making Cluster Several WGCD projects are using innovative strategies to address

Intra-household Bargaining and Decision-making Cluster Several WGCD projects are using innovative strategies to address household bargaining and decision-making among couples and families These projects seek to improve outcomes for women and girls ranging from nutrition to financial literacy to increased use of contraceptives This cluster will examine the mechanisms of intra-household bargaining and generate insights on how increased bargaining contributes to decision-making ability and women and girl’s empowerment WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 26

Pathways to Income Generation Several WGCD projects are seeking to increase income generation opportunities

Pathways to Income Generation Several WGCD projects are seeking to increase income generation opportunities for girls and women by integrating gender and empowerment education within a variety of approaches ranging from vocational training, to digital financing to business training This cluster will explore the different approaches that foster women’s labor market participation, explore the role of access to finance and entrepreneurship, and examine how choice and agency influence the success of income generation interventions WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 27

Learning Questions Pathways to income generation 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access

Learning Questions Pathways to income generation 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access to resources together influence women’s pathways to income generation? Intra-household bargaining & decisionmaking 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access to resources together influence household bargaining and decision making? 2. What are the strengths and limitations of different methodologies to measure women and girls’ involvement in bargaining and decision-making at the household level? WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 28

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters

Learning Cluster & Question Overview of WGCD Learning Agenda Outline of economic empowerment clusters and learning questions Rotational brainstorm and discussion to provide feedback on: The value of answering these questions for the field (e. g. researchers, practitioners and policy-makers) The challenges we may face WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 29

Rotational Brainstorming Let’s count off into 6 groups! You will now have 30 minutes

Rotational Brainstorming Let’s count off into 6 groups! You will now have 30 minutes to discuss each learning question in your numbered groups. Please spend 5 minutes on each of the following topics per table: Values of answering these questions for the field Challenges we may face Facilitated group discussion (10 min) WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 30

Tea Break WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 31

Tea Break WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 31

WGCD Project Gallery Walkthrough Group ‘tour’ of the WGCD projects: each partner has 4

WGCD Project Gallery Walkthrough Group ‘tour’ of the WGCD projects: each partner has 4 minutes to share about their project, how it connects to the learning clusters, and interesting learning and evidence generated to date through implementation, measurement and evaluation. WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 32

UN High-Level Panel Luncheon & Closing Remarks for the WEE Forum Located in the

UN High-Level Panel Luncheon & Closing Remarks for the WEE Forum Located in the Watergate Ballroom WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 33

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 Participatory exercises and group discussion to identify:

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 Participatory exercises and group discussion to identify: Individual contributions that projects can make towards generating and sharing evidence and learning on the cluster questions Areas of synergy where collective contributions are possible 2 -3 joint efforts per cluster to further the learning agenda and outline a plan for achieving them Group 1: Pathways to income generation Sarah Gammage , Director of Gender, Economic Empowerment and Livelihoods, ICRW Anne Stangl, Senior Behavioral Scientist, ICRW Group 2: Intra-household bargaining and decision-making Aslihan Kes, Senior Economist and Gender Specialist, ICRW Ted Rizzo, Program Associate, ICRW WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 34

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 Group 1: Pathways to income generation 4

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 Group 1: Pathways to income generation 4 -H Ghana BOMA Project Federal U. Birnin Kebbi Harvard University ICRAF/AWARD ICRW – Plan-it Girls Panzi Foundation REPOA UCLA Water. SHED Cambodia Group 2: Intra-household bargaining & decision-making BOMA Project CARE – Digital Sub-wallets Federal Univ. Birnin Kebbi HKI Panzi Foundation Harvard University REPOA UCSD University of Chicago University of Ibadan Water. SHED Cambodia Room to Read WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 35

Learning Clusters Group Work – Part 1 Group 1: Pathways to income generation Group

Learning Clusters Group Work – Part 1 Group 1: Pathways to income generation Group 2: Intra-household bargaining & decision-making 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access to resources together influence women’s pathways to income influence household bargaining and generation? decision making? WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 36

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 A. Identify and list out the individual

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 1 A. Identify and list out the individual and collective contributions that each WGCD project can make to answer the learning question. B. Participants discuss opportunities to collaborate on outputs of the learning cluster and tactically how they can work together to generate and share learning and evidence as a group. Discussion questions: 1. How can evidence and learning from my project contribute to this question? 1. What are opportunities to co-develop and share learning and evidence (e. g. upcoming conferences, joint publications, areas for synthesis across projects by ICRW)? 2. What synergies exist around implementation, effectiveness and/or measurement across WGCD projects that can contribute to answering this question? 2. Tactically how do we work together as a group moving forward (e. g. collaboration on web portal, regular conference calls)? WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 37

Tea Break WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 38

Tea Break WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 38

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 2 If you have not finished your discussions

Learning Cluster Group Work – Part 2 If you have not finished your discussions around the first question, please continue in this session. If you finished your discussions, please move on to the second question for your learning cluster. Group 1: Pathways to income generation Sarah Gammage , Director of Gender, Economic Empowerment and Livelihoods, ICRW Anne Stangl, Senior Behavioral Scientist, ICRW Group 2: Intra-household bargaining and decision-making Aslihan Kes, Senior Economist and Gender Specialist, ICRW Ted Rizzo, Program Associate, ICRW WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 39

Learning Clusters Group Work – Part 2 Group 1: Pathways to income generation 1.

Learning Clusters Group Work – Part 2 Group 1: Pathways to income generation 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access to resources together influence women’s pathways to income generation? Group 2: Intra-household bargaining & decision-making 1. How does enhancing women’s agency and access to resources together influence household bargaining and decision making? 2. What are the roles for institutional 2. What are the strengths and limitations of structures at different levels to different methodologies to measure create an enabling environment for women and girls’ involvement in pathways to income bargaining and decision-making at the generation/economic household level? empowerment? WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 40

Learning Cluster Group Work Report Out Group 1: Pathways to income generation Group 2:

Learning Cluster Group Work Report Out Group 1: Pathways to income generation Group 2: Intra-household bargaining and decision-making Areas of synergy Priority outputs for learning agenda Key highlights of discuss on institutional structures (pathways to income generation group only) WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 41

Reflections and Close Sharing of insights from day and action items Overview of next

Reflections and Close Sharing of insights from day and action items Overview of next steps for the economic empowerment learning agenda clusters and community Facilitators Amy Pennington, MLE Program Officer, Gender Equality, Gates Foundation Anne Stangl, Senior Behavioral Scientist, ICRW WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 42

THANK YOU! Safe Travels

THANK YOU! Safe Travels

ELEMENTS OF EMPOWERMENT WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 44

ELEMENTS OF EMPOWERMENT WGCD | Women and Girls at the Center of Development 44