- Slides: 13
Welcome to the JTA/AFT collaboration on Child Trafficking Company LOGO Presenter: Ms. Judith Hall Educator, AFT Member UFT Chapter Leader President of the Association of International Educators March 7, 2014
“No problem can withstand the assault of sustained thinking” Text Text - Jean Marie Arouet
What is Human trafficking? Human trafficking is a form of “modern day slavery”. As defined under US Federal Law, victims of human trafficking include minors and adults over the age of 18 induced into commercial sex.
They can be involved in commercial sex through force, fraud, or coercion and for adults and minors through forced labor, services or involuntary servitude via force, fraud, or coercion.
What are the different types of trafficking? • Pimp-Controlled Sex trafficking • Familial and Intimate partner Trafficking • Gangs • International Trafficking • Labor Trafficking • Sales crews • Domestic Servitude
Who are at risk of being trafficked? • Truants • Runaways • The homeless • Youth in foster care • Undocumented Youth • Students with high attrition • Youth with unstable or abusive home environments • Youth from households that fall below the poverty line
Who are Traffickers? Traffickers can be anyone: • A boyfriend, often times older (10+ years) • Intimate Partners • A family member • Gang Members • Foreign National • U. S. citizens, males and females • Acquaintances • Strangers
Who are considered school based personnel? School based personnel are: • Guidance Counselors • Social Workers • School Nurses • Teachers • Security Personnel • School Aides • Any and all other adult who interfaces with children
Potential Non-Staff Advocates • Students can be great advocates for their peers • Teachers are often informed about aberrant student behavior from other students
Signs of Human Trafficking: What signs should school-based personnel look out for? • Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior • Has few or no personal possessions • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid • Avoids eye contact • Poor Physical Health
• Lacks health care • Appears malnourished • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture • Lack of Control • Sexualized speech • Stories that don’t add up • Sudden possession of expensive items
What are the risk factors of human trafficking? Human Trafficking involves : • Abuses of human rights • Physical and mental abuse • Kidnapping (Angela App) • Rape • Forced drug use • Deprivation of liberties • Sometimes even murder
Plenary Session: Discussion of ways in which school-based staff can help prevent Child Trafficking and create some protocols to establish schools as safe spaces.