Welcome REPORTED SPEECH Reporting affirmative statements REPORTED SPEECH
- Slides: 15
REPORTED SPEECH Reporting affirmative statements
REPORTED SPEECH What is it ? How do you use it? Where’s Tom? He said he was feeling ill. If we want to tell another person about a conversation that took place in the past (e. g telephone call, news or story that someone told us etc. ) we use this kind of grammar.
Look at the example. My favourite film is on TV tonight. I love comedies. Raju Mr. Raju said that his favourite film was on TV that night. He said that he loved comedies.
What has changed? Pronoun: My I becomes his he Tense: is love becomes was loved Time words: tonight becomes that night
In the Reported Speech we use the past tense. am /is becomes was are becomes were has / have becomes had see becomes saw can(’t) will/won’t becomes could(n’t) would(n’t)
Changes in verb tenses do becomes (Present Simple) am /is doing (Past Simple) becomes (Present Continuous) are doing was doing (Past Continuous) becomes (Present Continuous) has / havedone (Present Perfect) did were doing (Past Continuous) becomes had done (Past Perfect)
If we want to report a sentence that is already in the Past Tense, we normally use the Past Perfect. Is aw film th e l we ast ek. He said he had seen the film the week before.
Changes Time Place now then here today this week that day that week this these that those tomorrow yesterday the next day last week the week before the day before the previous day
Exercises Swami: i can’t go so late to the class. Swami said that he couldn’t go so late to the class. Swami: I have a headache. Swami said that he had a headache.
Exercises Swami: I wouldn’t like to go late to Samuel’s class. Swami said that he wouldn’t like to go late to Samuel’s class. Swami: The Geography teacher has been teaching the same lesson for over a year now. Swami said that the geography teacher had been teaching the same lesson for over a year now.
Exercises Swami: I am not shouting, sir, this is my ordinary voice, which God has given me. Swami told his teacher that he was not shouting, and that was his ordinary voice, which God had given him.
Exercise Swami: I can’t believe it, it is unbelievable, sir. Swami told Samuel that he couldn’t believe it and it was unbelievable. Samuel: If you get up again I will cane you. Samuel warned Swami if he got up again he would cane him.
Report the Following sentences 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Swami: I want to answer, sir. Swami: My father has sent a letter for him. Peon: Your teacher will be here in a second. Peon: You can give the letter to the assistant headmaster. Swami: I will give this to the headmaster as soon as he is back.
For more slides on Reported Speech- visit www. flames 78. webs. com Prepared by Abdul Hakeem. C. P G. H. S. S Narikkuni