- Slides: 67
Welcome Master ASL Unit 1
Deaf Awareness Quiz o Do your best. I do not expect you to understand or know all the answers to these questions. o This is a participation/completion grade.
Objectives o To learn proper greetings and farewells in ASL o To introduce yourself and others o To learn basic ASL sentence structure o To ask and answer questions o To learn how to interact appropriately with Deaf People o To learn the role of facial expressions and non-manual signals
Time to draw what you see… o Put your name on your paper. o Partner up and practice drawing the images signed by your partner. o When finished compart images and make corrections with a red pen. o Staple together and turn in.
Meet the Characters… o Four characters hi-lighting the variety of backgrounds within the Deaf community are profiled throughout Master ASL! Level One. They will present vocabulary, highlight aspects of Deaf culture, and share their accomplishments and interests.
Sean o Sean lives in Boston, Massachusetts, and is the only Deaf person in his family. Originally from Texas where he attended the Texas School for the Deaf, he now attends a public school and uses sign language interpreters in his classes.
Kris o Kris is a university student studying government and law whose siblings, parents, and grandparents are all Deaf. An avid athlete, she loves to snowboard, ski, and play tennis. When she isn’t studying, she can be found spending time with her family and is especially fond of storytelling competitions.
Marc o Marc, his brother, and a younger sister are Deaf; his mother is hard of hearing, and his father is hearing. He plays football at a school for the Deaf, is a member of the speech and debate team and is involved in STUGO. He plans on attending Gallaudet University, the world’s only university for Deaf students.
Kelly o Kelly, like Sean, is the only Deaf person in her family, though she considers herself lucky because her parents and older brother all learned ASL. Kelly enjoys drama, photography, and spending time on her creative writing. She wants to teach Deaf children after college. A pet peeve? When hearing people say, “I’ll tell you later” or “It’s not important. ”
Rita o In her role as an ASL teacher, Rita presents information that focuses on ASL grammar and Deaf culture, gives tips on how to improve your signing, and answers common questions students have about ASL. For example, a frequent question is: “What is the difference between deaf and Deaf? ” When deaf is not capitalized it describes one’s hearing status. When capitalized it describes those individuals who are proud to be deaf and consider themselves members of Deaf culture.
Greetings Cornel Notes o When signing to a friend use HI. o When signing to an adult or someone you do not know well use HELLO. n Vocabulary: NO VOICE o o o HELLO HI WHAT’S-UP HOW YOU? I FINE
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o o BUSY CONFUSED FINE GOOD, WELL HAPPY o NOTHING, NOTMUCH o SAME-OLD-THING, THE-USUAL o SLEEPY o SO-SO o TIRED
Now you try… o Exchange greetings with your partner and ask how he or she is. Respond with vocabulary from the previous slide. o Ask your partner to tell you how another classmate is. Use eye gaze… n Remember to lower your eyebrows when asking this information seeking question. n Use vocabulary from the previous slide.
Deixis Cornel Notes o Pointing is a logical feature of a signed, non-spoken language. It is not considered rude or impolite. If a person or object is not visible, point to an empty space and continue signing. Using the index finger to point is called deixis. o Vocabulary—NO VOICE n n n n DEIXIS (index) I, ME YOU HE, SHE, IT WE, US YOU (plural) THEY
Now try… NO VOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. They are busy. She is happy. I am confused. We are happy. 5. 6. 7. 8. She’s good. I’m sleepy. It’s so-so. He’s fine. Don’t forget to point back to the person—this is a closing signal and lets the person know you are done and it is their turn to sign.
Thomas H. Gallaudet, 1848 Cornel Notes o Thomas H. Gallaudet established Gallaudet University in Washington DC. He said, “American Sign Language is of great value to the Deaf, but could also be of great benefit to the hearing as well… It is superior to spoken language in its beauty and emotional expressiveness. It brings kindred souls into a much more close and conscious communion than mere speech can possibly do. ”
Vocabulary--NO VOICE o o GOOD MORNING AFTERNOON EVENING o Greet your classmate using the signs to the left and ask how he/she is.
Eye Contact Eyes on ASL #1—Cornel Notes o Watch the video clip and copy the signer o Remember to maintain eye contact while signing with someone. If you must look away use the HOLD-ON sign before doing so. o Getting a Deaf person’s attention? Wave or tap them on the shoulder. o Vocabulary—NO VOICE n n n EYE-CONTACT HOLD-ON LOOK-AT-ME PAY-ATTENTION NOT-PAY-ATTENTION
Closing Signals… Cornel Notes o Pointing back to yourself or the person you are talking about shows completion of a thought. n Closing signals are especially important when asking questions using the Question Maker or the WH-Face. Remember to use a closing signal when: o Making a statement or comment about yourself or somebody else. o Asking a question. o NMS: matches the emotion n I LIKE COFFEE I.
You try… whq o Question word is at the end. o Eyebrows are down. n What is your name? ______whq______ o YOU NAME WHAT YOU? n My name is Kelly Boyd. o ME NAME K-E-L-L-Y B-O-Y-D ME.
You try… o Introduce people to your classmates fingerspelling the complete name carefully. Use eye gaze to glance in the direction of the pronoun you are placing. SHE NAME N-I-N-A T-E-L SHE. P-A- Don’t sign the English words in red! Practice: • She is Nina Patel. • My name is Cheryl. • He’s Tyler Brophy. • I’m Niki, he’s Aaron • He’s Luis Cortez. • My name is Sam. • She is Erin. • His name is Jeff. • Her name is Lisa. • Her name is Susan.
Yes/No Question Responses Eyes on ASL #3—Cornel Notes o There is no such thing as a one word response in ASL. ______y/n-q______ o COFFEE YOU LIKE YOU? o YES. (Wrong!!) n Right: ______y/n-q______ o COFFEE YOU LIKE YOU? o YES I LIKE I. (always include the verb!)
Introductions Deaf Culture Minute—Cornel Notes o DEAF: will give first name, last name; background info; and school history. o HEARING: will give first and last name and hearing status. Introductions in the Deaf community vary depending on whether one is hearing or Deaf. If you are Deaf, background information like where one goes or went to school is exchanged. If you are hearing, then you will be introduced as a hearing person who knows or is learning ASL. This exchange of information allows everybody to understand where he or she is coming from and reduces cultural misunderstandings. It is culturally appropriate to shake hands when meeting new people or greeting friends. Like many hearing people, Deaf friends often hug each other when saying hello and good-bye.
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o o DEAF FRIEND HARD-OF-HEARING INTRODUCE o o o MEET MY NICE TO-MEET-YOU WANT
Try these… Dialogue ONE o Signer A: Hi! How are you? o Signer B: I’m fine. How are you? o Signer A: I’m good. I’m Eric Morse. I’m Deaf. o Signer B: Hi. My name is Chris Sarn. I’m hearing. Dialogue TWO o Signer A: What’s up? How are you? o Signer B: I’m busy. How are you? o Signer A: Same old. I want you to meet my friend Cara. o Signer B: Hello, Cara. How are you? o Signer C: I’m fine. Nice to meet you.
Introducing a Friend o Watch the video… Who is Deaf? Who is hearing? Is Lisa a friend of Kris or Sean? Who introduced Lisa? o Practice signing with a partner… n Signer A: Hi what’s up? I want to introduce my friend. Her name is Lisa. She is hearing. n Signer B: Hello. Nice to meet you. My name is Sean. I’m Deaf. How are you?
Interacting with the Deaf Cornel Notes o View the DVD: Culture Note o To get a Deaf person’s attention n Tap shoulder n Wave hand o Turn off voice (AX hs twist off at throat) n It is rude to talk in a Deaf person’s presence.
The Question-Maker ASL Up Close: Cornel Notes o Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-Maker, an expression that shows you are asking a yes/no question. Keep the eyebrows raised until you’ve completed signing the question—add the closing signal or question mark sign. n Watch the DVD.
Mouthing Accent Steps—Cornel Notes o Do you talk silently while signing? Some hearing people do this out of habit, and others think it helps Deaf people lip-read. Only about 30% of the English language can be lip-read. Deaf people lip-read English, not American Sign Language, so don’t mix the two. Sometimes a Deaf person will “talk” silently or mouth to help hearing people understand what is being signed, but don’t with those who understand ASL. You will learn the role the lips have as part of the non-manual signals used in ASL. In the meantime, don’t speak or mouth words while signing. ASL IS NOT ENGLISH!
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o o ASL BATHROOM GO-TO LEARN NO PLEASE o AGAIN, REPEAT o SIGN, SIGNLANGUAGE o SLOW, SLOWDOWN o THANK-YOU o YES
Making Conversation—GLOSS 1. Hello, my name is Pat. I’m learning ASL. 2. What is your name? Are you Deaf? 3. Please sign slowly. 4. I want to meet you. What is your name? 5. I’m hearing. Are you? 6. Hi, what’s up? Nice to meet you. 7. Are you hard of hearing? 8. Tom is hearing and learning ASL. 9. Please sign again. 10. I want to learn ASL.
Deixis Accent Steps—Cornel Notes o When you use deixis, look towards the area you’re pointing to. This is called eye gaze and helps “hold” that location for the person or thing you’re signing about.
Asking Questions o Use the Question-Maker to ask your partner these questions. Respond in a complete sentence including the closing signal. n n n Are you learning sign language? Are you hearing? Do you want to learn ASL? Do you want to meet my friend? Good morning. How are you?
Correcting Information o Use the Question-Maker to ask your partner these questions. Your respond needs to include the VERB and a closing signal. n Is she paying attention? o Yes, she is paying attention. n Are you sick? o No, I’m fine. n Do they want to learn ASL? o Yes, they want to learn ASL. n Are you sleepy? o Yes, I’m sleepy. n Are you Deaf? o No, I’m hearing.
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o GOOD-BYE o LATER o ME-TOO, SAMEHERE o SEE, TO-SEE-YOU o SEE-YOU LATER o SEE-YOU TOMORROW o TAKE-CARE o TOMORROW
Saying Good-bye o Watch Marc and Kris sign farewell… n Don’t add separate signs for YOU when signing SEE YOU LATER or SEE YOU TOMORROW—it is already in the sign SEE.
Read annotate… o Read How do people learn ASL? n At least 8 annotations (not hi-lighting!)
History about the Deaf and Education Cornel Notes o ASL Language History n 1960 s: Recognized as a unique language. n 1970 s: ASL begins being used to educate the Deaf n 1980 s: Identified as a cultural minority greatly due to DPN n 1990 s: Fastest growing foreign language in America
Deafness Cornel Notes o The majority of Deaf people are raised in families where deafness is not common. n Is not always genetic. Only 10% of Deaf children have Deaf parents n Often the use of sign language was forbidden in school. n Most Deaf children learned ASL on the playground.
ASL = Language Cornel Notes o ASL is a language. n ASL is not English. o It has its own grammar, structure, and nuances that are designed for the eye, not for the ear. n It is not universal—it is used in America and Canada. n ASL and FSL are about 60% the same
Where all the little words? o She is happy. o My name is Fred. o He wants to learn ASL. o They are Busy. o He is named Tomas. o We are hearing.
Facial Expressions and NMS Cornel Notes o One noticeable difference between ASL and English is the use of facial expression and non-manual signals. Non-manual signals (NMS) are the various parts of a sign that are not signed on the hands. Two different types of NMS: facial expressions (emotions), which convey your tone of “voice” while you sign. The second is grammar.
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o BLANK-FACE BORED EXCITED FACIALEXPRESSIONS o o MAD, ANGRY SAD SICK SCARED, AFRAID
Accent Step o It is normal to feel awkward or uncomfortable making facial expressions at first, but with practice you will become more confident and skilled. Without them you can’t sign questions, show interest, or carry on a satisfying conversation.
Using Non-Manuals o You have already begun using two important non-manual signals when you sign yes or no. These are called head nod and head shake. Use these when you sign YES and NO. n Yes/No questions would be incomplete without the head nod or shake.
Try these… o o o I’m not Deaf. I’m hearing. Yes, I’m learning how to sign. I didn’t go to the bathroom. They aren’t sick. We aren’t busy. n You don’t have to use signs for DON’T or NOT. Just use the head shake for now.
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o o o CAN, MAY CAN’T, MAY-NOT KNOW DON’T-KNOW LIKE DON’T-LIKE UNDERSTAND DON’TUNDERSTAND o I’M-NOT, NOT-ME
Q&A o Can I go to the bathroom? n No, you can’t. o Do you understand the homework? n Yes, I understand the homework. o I’m not Marie. I’m Pat. n I didn’t understand. Please sign it again. o I don’t understand. Do you? n No, I don’t understand. o I don’t know his name. Do you? n I know his name. He is _____.
Conversation—Gloss and Sign o o o o o Alan: Hi. My name is Alan. What’s your name? Holly: My name is Holly. Nice to meet you. Alan: Are you Deaf? Holly: No, I’m hearing. I’m learning ASL. Do you know how to sign? Alan: Yes, I can sign. Holly: Are you Deaf? Alan: No, I’m not Deaf. I’m hearing. I sign okay. I want to sign well. Holly: Me too. I want to understand ASL. Alan: Do you want to meet me tomorrow morning? Holly: Yeah. I’ll see you tomorrow. Good-bye. Don’t trust your partner to do it all.
Conversation—Gloss and Sign ____whq_______ o Alan: HI. ME fs-ALAN. YOU NAME WHAT YOU? o Holly: ME fs-HOLLY. NICE MEET-YOU. ____y/n-q___ o Alan: YOU DEAF YOU? _neg_ _____y/n-q___ o Holly: NO, I HEARING. I LEARN ASL. YOU KNOW SIGN YOU? Don’t trust your partner to do it all.
o Alan: YES, I SIGN I. ____y/n-q___ o Holly: YOU DEAF YOU? neg o Alan: NO, I NOT DEAF. I HEARING. I SIGN SOSO. I WANT SIGN GOOD I. o Holly: ME-TOO. I WANT UNDERSTAND ASL I. ________y/n-q_______ o Alan: TOMORROW MORNING YOU WANT MEET YOU? o Holly: YES. SEE-YOU TOMORROW. GOOD-BYE.
Saying Goodbye Notes o Deaf people take a long time to say “goodbye” at social gatherings.
Vocabulary—NO VOICE o o ABSENT DON’T-MIND DUE, TO-OWE FAVORITE o o o MOVIE PRACTICE SCHOOL TODAY NOW
Sign… o o o I’m not absent. Not today. The homework isn’t due. I don’t mind. We don’t understand. They don’t like the movie.
Sign… o Do you want to go to a movie? n Yes. Tomorrow night. o Do you like scary movies? n Scary movies are so-so. o My favorite movie is “_____. ” Do you like it? n Yes. It was good.
Sign… o My friend is absent today. Do you know what’s for homework? n Yes. Practice ASL. o Is the homework due tomorrow? n Yes. The homework is due tomorrow. o Thank you. n You’re welcome (smile and nod your head).
Sign… o They don’t know my name. n Yes, they know your name. o He isn’t paying attention. n No, he isn’t. He doesn’t have eye contact. o Are you sick? n No, I’m fine. o I like learning ASL. n Yes, I do too. o We’re very busy today. n Yes, a lot of practice.
SVO Notes o Subject/Verb/Object n This follows English word order. The sentence will have only 3 -4 English words. n Closing signal may still apply. n NMS: depends on the emotion. o English: I like dogs. smile/nod o ASL: I LIKE DOGS I.
Topic/Comment Notes o T/C n This is the most common structure in ASL. The topic comes first followed by the comment. n NMS: eyebrows are UP on the topic and face matches emotion on the comment. _t↑_ nod o MOM I LOVE SHE I.
Yes/No Questions Notes o Y/N ? n Signs can go in any order. Use question mark sign or closing signal n NMS: eyebrows up the whole time _______y/n-q_______ o YOU LIKE COFFEE YOU? ↑ _______y/n-q_______ o COFFEE YOU LIKE YOU? ↑
WH Questions Notes o WH ? n A question that uses who, what, when, where, why, how or which. The question word MUST come last. n NMS: eyebrows up for the topic and down on the question word. Use a closing signal, but NO QUESTION MARK SIGN!!! ______whq______ YOU BORN WHERE YOU? ↓
Negation Notes o Negation n Adding NO, NOT, or NONE to a sentence to make it negative—or just a head shake. NOT-LIKE, NOT-KNOW, NOTWANT are negative incorporations and they twist out. n NMS: must shake your head. __neg__ o I NOT-LIKE STUDY I.
Create… o Gloss ONE sentences for each grammar structure using the vocabulary from this chapter. o All CAPS o Include all glossing marks o Double-space
Glossing Practice o Complete the numbers activities together from the workbook o Complete the glossing activities from the workbook and turn in. Work alone… this is a GRADE! 20 minutes o Sentence Review handout… these are things you should know and be able to do by now. Practice!
Conversation… o Practice the conversation… practice all parts. You will sign this at my desk on Monday. I will tell you which part to sign when you come up to my desk.
Game time! o Vocabulary review game
Test Time! Good Luck!