WDM Concept and Components Presented by G Raj

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WDM Concept and Components Presented by, G. Raj. Mohan I Year M-Tech

WDM Concept and Components Presented by, G. Raj. Mohan I Year M-Tech

WHY WDM? • Capacity upgrade of existing fiber networks (without adding fibers) • Transparency:

WHY WDM? • Capacity upgrade of existing fiber networks (without adding fibers) • Transparency: Each optical channel can carry any transmission format (different asynchronous bit rates, analog or digital) • Scalability– Buy and install equipment for additional demand as needed • Wavelength routing and switching: Wavelength is used as another dimension to time and space

Wavelength Division Multiplexing

Wavelength Division Multiplexing

Wavelength Division Multiplexing • Passive/active devices are needed to combine, distribute, isolate and amplify

Wavelength Division Multiplexing • Passive/active devices are needed to combine, distribute, isolate and amplify optical power at different wavelengths

TYPES OF WDM • WDM technology uses multiple wavelengths to transmit information over a

TYPES OF WDM • WDM technology uses multiple wavelengths to transmit information over a single fiber ØCoarse WDM (CWDM) has wider channel spacing (20 nm) – low cost ØDense WDM (DWDM) has dense channel spacing (0. 8 nm) which allows simultaneous transmission of 16+ wavelengths – high capacity

WDM SYSTEM

WDM SYSTEM

Conventional/Coarse (CWDM) • It provide up to 8 channels in the 3 rd transmission

Conventional/Coarse (CWDM) • It provide up to 8 channels in the 3 rd transmission window (C-Band) of silica fibers around 1550 nm • To provide 8 channels on a single fiber CWDM uses the entire frequency band between second and third transmission window (1310/1550 nm respectively)

Dense(DWDM) • It uses the same transmission window but with denser channel spacing •

Dense(DWDM) • It uses the same transmission window but with denser channel spacing • It refers originally to optical signals multiplexed within the 1550 nm band

Thank You …

Thank You …