WAY FORWARD SESSION Moderator Shinya Yokoyama Tokyo Univ

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WAY FORWARD SESSION Moderator: Shinya Yokoyama ( Tokyo Univ. , Japan) Panelists: Dr. Haibin

WAY FORWARD SESSION Moderator: Shinya Yokoyama ( Tokyo Univ. , Japan) Panelists: Dr. Haibin Li ( CAS, China) Dr. Wahono Smaryono (BPPT, Indonesia) Dr. Kinya Sakanishi (AIST, Japan) Dr. Mohamad Ali Hassen (UPM, Malaysia) Dr. Peesamai Jenvanitpanjakul (TISTR, Thailand) Dr. Tran Dinh Man (VAST, Vietnam)

The 4 th Biomass Asia Workshop Malaysia    2007. 11. 21 ENERGY SITUATION IN ASIAN

The 4 th Biomass Asia Workshop Malaysia    2007. 11. 21 ENERGY SITUATION IN ASIAN REGION Shinya Yokoyama Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences The University of Tokyo     

GDP AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA OF ASIAN COUNTRIES

GDP AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA OF ASIAN COUNTRIES

MARKETED ENERGY USE IN THE NON-OECD ECONOMIES BY REGION, 1980 -2030

MARKETED ENERGY USE IN THE NON-OECD ECONOMIES BY REGION, 1980 -2030

CO 2 EMISSIONS IN OTHER NON OECD ECONOMIES, 1990 -2030 Sources: 1990 and 2003:

CO 2 EMISSIONS IN OTHER NON OECD ECONOMIES, 1990 -2030 Sources: 1990 and 2003: Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy Annual 2003 (May-July 2005), web site www. eia. doe. gov/iea/. 2010 -2039: EIA, System for the Analysis of Global Energy Markets (2006).

SUPPLY AND DEMAND BALANCE OF OIL, NATURAL GAS, AND COAL (2003) (million TOE) 1,

SUPPLY AND DEMAND BALANCE OF OIL, NATURAL GAS, AND COAL (2003) (million TOE) 1, 400 1, 254 production 1, 200 consumption net import 1, 004 1, 000 1, 126 800 655 600 400 349 245 283 200 128 38 0 Oil Cited from: Asia Energy Partnership, ed. Yasuo Tanabe, Energy Forum (2004) Natural Gas Coal

OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN ASIA (MTOE) 1, 200 production consumption 1, 000 net

OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN ASIA (MTOE) 1, 200 production consumption 1, 000 net import 800 600 400 200 0 90 19 91 19 92 19 93 19 94 19 95 19 Cited from: Asia Energy Partnership, ed. Yasuo Tanabe, Energy Forum (2004) 96 19 97 19 98 19 99 19 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20

PROSPECT OF OIL DEMAND IN ASIA (MTOE) 2,000 1,800 1,600 Others Taiwan Indonesia India

PROSPECT OF OIL DEMAND IN ASIA (MTOE) 2,000 1,800 1,600 Others Taiwan Indonesia India 1,400 1,200 Korea China Japan 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 1990 2000 Cited from: Asia Energy Partnership, ed. Yasuo Tanabe, Energy Forum (2004) 2010 2020

WORLD OIL CONSUMPTION BY REGION AND COUNTRY GROUP 2003 -2030

WORLD OIL CONSUMPTION BY REGION AND COUNTRY GROUP 2003 -2030

Pyrolysis Pyrolytic Oil Direct Liquefaction BIOMASS Heavy Oil Metahnol DME F-T Oil Indirect Liquefaction

Pyrolysis Pyrolytic Oil Direct Liquefaction BIOMASS Heavy Oil Metahnol DME F-T Oil Indirect Liquefaction Synthesis Gas Methane Fermentation Liquefaction Liq. Methane Saccharification Fermentation Ethanol Esterification Syntheis BDF

Thank You Very Much E-mail: syokoyama@bme. en. a. u-tokyo. ac. jp

Thank You Very Much E-mail: [email protected] en. a. u-tokyo. ac. jp

WAY FORWARD SESSION Moderator: Shinya Yokoyama (The Univ. of Tokyo, Japan) Panelists: Dr. Haibin

WAY FORWARD SESSION Moderator: Shinya Yokoyama (The Univ. of Tokyo, Japan) Panelists: Dr. Haibin Li ( CAS, China) Dr. Wahono Smaryono (BPPT, Indonesia) Dr. Kinya Sakanishi (AIST, Japan) Dr. Mohamad Ali Hassen (UTM, Malaysia) Dr. Peesamai Jenvanitpanjakul (TISTR, Thailand) Dr. Tran Dinh Man (VAST, Vietnam)

KEY WORDS TECHNOLOGY BDF, Bioethanol, Materials, Energy balance, Material balance, Pre-treatment, By-products, CO 2

KEY WORDS TECHNOLOGY BDF, Bioethanol, Materials, Energy balance, Material balance, Pre-treatment, By-products, CO 2 emission, Waste materials, etc. SOCIAL SYSTEM Economy, Biomass Industry Complex, Taxation, R&D expenses, Standardization, CDM, Emission trading, Transportation,  Financing, etc OTHERS Biodiversity, LCA, Assessment, Community, Poverty, International Cooperation, Voluntary activity, etc.