Water Demand Management Water everywhere Review Direct water

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Water – Demand Management Water, everywhere!

Water – Demand Management Water, everywhere!

 Review Direct water use Reducing direct water use Water foot print Indirect water

Review Direct water use Reducing direct water use Water foot print Indirect water use Reducing indirect water use What we will be talking about

Average Annual Household Usage >300 k. L/year = High to very high usage 200

Average Annual Household Usage >300 k. L/year = High to very high usage 200 – 300 k. L/Year = Around the national average 100 – 200 k. L/Year = low usage but more improvements possible <100 k. L/Year = Very low water usage Daily consumption (litres) x 365/1000 1 k. L = 1000 litres Review – Water Usage

Where it Goes

Where it Goes

 Identify household water uses Recording over a week the amount of water you

Identify household water uses Recording over a week the amount of water you use Validate your workings against records Identify any leaks Work out potential rain harvest Work out how much greywater is available Work out how much tank capacity you need The Water Audit

 Grey water Rainwater Demand Management Options for Reduction

Grey water Rainwater Demand Management Options for Reduction

Direct Water Consumption

Direct Water Consumption

 Think before you turn on a tap Investigate Insulate low water use appliances

Think before you turn on a tap Investigate Insulate low water use appliances hot water pipes Check leaks, running taps & toilets (food dye; check water meter) General Rules

 MULCH! & Soil organic matter Consider Xeriscaping your yard Install overhead veggie covers

MULCH! & Soil organic matter Consider Xeriscaping your yard Install overhead veggie covers Install water efficient irrigation Store rainwater in the ground Consider a wetting agent Fit a trigger nozzle & water early or late Water more deeply less often Minimise impervious areas or divert to plants Garden

 Sweep don’t hose! Wash cars with a bucket, on the lawn Use commercial

Sweep don’t hose! Wash cars with a bucket, on the lawn Use commercial car wash that recycles water Try a no-water car wash product Install tracks rather than solid drive Consider porous materials Garage and Driveway

 Install low flow shower head Catch cold water in bucket while waiting for

Install low flow shower head Catch cold water in bucket while waiting for hot Limit to 3 minute showers (timer) Use a shower interrupt valve Shower with a friend (or consecutively) Don’t run tap while shaving or brushing teeth Wash hands in cold water Bathroom

 Install a front loading washer Only wash full loads Hand wash small loads

Install a front loading washer Only wash full loads Hand wash small loads in a bucket – make a dolly! (pressure washer) Use a garden safe detergent (sodium salts, p. H, sulphur & boron) eg Planet Ark Limit use of bleaches Don’t wash clothes until they need it. Laundry

 Wash veggies in basin or tub Don’t defrost under running water Boils as

Wash veggies in basin or tub Don’t defrost under running water Boils as much water as you need Catch cold water while waiting for hot Install aerator on kitchen taps Low water use dishwasher or by hand Wash up once a day (or less) Kitchen

 Install composting toilet “If it’s yellow……. ” Install dual flush or water efficient

Install composting toilet “If it’s yellow……. ” Install dual flush or water efficient toilet Install sink/cistern combination Flush the toilet with warm up water Install touch sensitive flush on older toilets Put a full soft drink bottle in the cistern Toilet

The National Water Footprint refers to the total amount of fresh water that is

The National Water Footprint refers to the total amount of fresh water that is consumed directly and is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the inhabitants of the nation Global Average = 1385 m 3/yr/capita Australia = 2315 m 3/yr/capita UK = 1258 m 3/yr/capita US = 2842 m 3/yr/capita Water Footprint

Indirect (Embedded, Virtual, embodied) Water Consumption

Indirect (Embedded, Virtual, embodied) Water Consumption

The average Australian’s daily water consumption – Direct = 180 litres Indirect = 2192

The average Australian’s daily water consumption – Direct = 180 litres Indirect = 2192 litres (food and industrial production) Virtual Vs Direct Consumption

"the volume of freshwater used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced". It refers to the sum of the water use in the various steps of the production chain. Hoekstra and Chapagain Virtual or Embodied Water

 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 Kilo of steak = 16, 000

1 1 1 1 2 1 1 Kilo of steak = 16, 000 litres kilo of butter = 18, 000 litres litre of milk = 4500 litres mug of coffee = 170 litres cup of tea = 20 litres Sandwich worth of bread = 180 litres kilo of spuds = 250 litres glass of wine = 300 litres egg omelette = 270 litres pork chop = 2400 litres kilo of rice = 6500 litres Food

 The cotton for 1 shirt = 3000 litres 1 pair of jeans =11000

The cotton for 1 shirt = 3000 litres 1 pair of jeans =11000 litres 1 sheet of A 4 paper = 12 litres Steel for 1 car = 360, 000 litres 1 kilo of plastic = 240 litres 1 personal computer = 190, 000 litres 1 pair of leather shoes = 20, 000 litres 1 kilo of wool = 200, 000 litres 1 litre biodiesel = 9000 litres Industrial Products

 Eat less meat, specifically beef Eat less dairy Drink tea or better, water

Eat less meat, specifically beef Eat less dairy Drink tea or better, water instead of coffee Wear other than cotton fibres Buy less “stuff” Grow your own food Waste less food How to reduce virtual water use

 Review Direct water use Reducing direct water use Water foot print Indirect water

Review Direct water use Reducing direct water use Water foot print Indirect water use Reducing indirect water use Summary

For more details check our website

For more details check our website