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Emergency WASH Services/Standards • Safe and Adequate Water: • Sanitation. • Hygiene Pormotion • Drainage • Waste Management
Phases of Response • WASH response plan will be divided into 3 phases. • Phase 1: First 15 days for life saving response • Phase 2: 16 to 45 days • Phase 3: 46 days up to 90 days. All interventions would be implemented based on immediate need and priority of the displaced population and standard timeframe will be established to deliver the life- saving intervention based on the ground reality.
Safe and Adequate Water: • Responsibility: All Cluster members under KVWSMB/KUKL/Mo. UD leadership • Objective: To provide safe drinking water to affected populations (estimated 4. 2 million people for 30 days) at 7 L/person/day initially and upgraded within one month to 15 L /person/day (for drinking, hygiene and cooking). • Standard: See objective for quantity; accessibility, reliability and quality following Nepal Standard and Sphere standards on drinking water quality for emergencies
Sanitation Standards • Immediate excreta disposal options (designated defecation areas, trench latrines) - 1 week • 1 toilet/50 people in 15 -30 days; upgrade to 1 toilet/20 people (segregated by sex) after 1 month all in a package of hygiene promotion and incorporating gender/disability components • Installation of urinals separate for male, female, children and disable people at larger camps • Provided at each latrine: 1 - 10 lit bucket, 1 lit mug for anal cleansing and latrine cleaning kit • Menstrual Hygiene Management system in place in female toilets • 1 bathing space for 5 H/Hs (segregated by sex, therefore 2 bathing per 10 households including 1 male and 1 female). Gender child and disable friendly bathing spaces • WASH Cluster strategy: • Agencies committing to construct temporary toilets and bathing facilities in camps to also make provisions for upgrading and repair, hygiene promotion and ensure handwashing facilities in each latrine site.
Hygiene Promotion • To build the capacity of the affected people to make them able and accountable to use and care the facilities/ services provided • Ensure that camps are sufficiently clean so that the breeding of vector and spreading of the vector borne disease could be controlled. • Raise hygiene awareness in close coordination with the health cluster and prevent, minimize and control the incidence of WASH related diseases in the vulnerable areas • • WASH Cluster Strategy: Capacity Building Use/mobilization of volunteers Use of local resources Coordination and networking Community mobilization Gender and social inclusion Information sharing and communication
Drainage , Solid Waste Management and Vector Control • Responsibility: All Cluster members including DWSS/WSSDO in coordination with Municipalities and national NGOs e. g. ENPHO • Objective: To provide adequate sanitation facilities and safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes for personal hygiene and vector control • Standards: • Waste water disposal and solid waste management in camps • Vector control (flies and mosquitoes) in coordination with health cluster • No dwelling more than 100 m away from refuse container or pit
Overarching Strategy • • • • Humanitarian Principles Human Rights Based Approach Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Disability Respect to local cultures and sentiments Cultural sensitivity Language Children, Adolescents, young people and old Do no Harm Norms and Standards (consistency) Integrated approach and inter-agency collaboration Communication for Development Risk Management and Assessment M&E, Accountability and Transparency
Indicators Water Supply # of affected people provided with sufficient quantity of water of appropriate quality for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene Sanitation Hygiene WASH in Schools # of affected # of children people who households that accessing are provided received a appropriate WASH with toilets hygiene kit facilities and handwash hygiene education facilities in temporary learning spaces, and other childfriendly spaces WASH in HCF # of health care facilities provided with water supply, toilets, handwash facilities