- Slides: 14
Warmup 6/5 What do you think was the most significant cause of tension before the war? Why?
Logistics You can resubmit your essay as long as you do it before the turn-in deadline. Turn-in Deadline for ALL WORK and REMAKES is June 21 st
Notes: The War Begins
Notes: The Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28 th, 1914. For 4 weeks, the Austrians did nothing. Austria was busy making sure Germany would support if it came to war with Russia. On July 6 th, Germany assured Austria they would support any action Austria took.
Notes: The Ultimatum On July 23 rd, Austro-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia Demanded Austrian oversight over the trials of any Serb suspected of helping Austria’s enemies. Serbia accepted some of the ultimatum but rejected other parts.
Notes: Crisis Austria and Serbia began mobilizing against each other on July 25 th. Russia began “partial” mobilizing the same day. Germany and Britain tried several times to avoid crisis but failed. Austria 28 th declared war on Serbia on July
Notes: War On July 30 th, Russia declared full mobilization on Germany and Austria. Germany offered one last time: if Russia stayed out, so would Germany. Russia refused Germany declared war on Russia and France the next day.
Notes: The War Plans Everyone thought the war would be over in 4 months. Every nation had a plan to end the war that quickly. They all failed.
Germany: The Schlieffen Plan Germany: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=u MRl. SRRj 0 FI
Notes: The Schlieffen Plan Germany wanted to avoid the strong forts of the French frontier They decided to invade through Belgium—a neutral country The plan was to crush France quickly and then turn to Russia
France: Plan XVII (17) France: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v= H 6 p 9 pzs. Lw. VQ (17: 00 -19: 00) (22: 45 -24: 40)
Notes: Plan XVII (17) France believed that attacking was the key to victory. Its plan was to attack with all its forces towards Germany “no matter the circumstances. ”
Notes: Russian Steamroller Russia’s army was huge It knew Germany would invade France first It would race troops to the German front to support France Meanwhile, the great weight of its army would slowly pound down on Austro-Hungary
Notes: Defense Wins The plans failed because it was easier to fight defense than offense in 1914. Technologies like barbed wire, machine guns, and high-angle artillery were more of an advantage for defenders. And yet the armies all swore that attacking would be the key to victory.