- Slides: 14
Warm Up – Character Comparison Stuart Neil Complete the Venn Diagram comparing/contrasting Stuart and Neil.
Warm Up – Character Analysis Vocabulary Strategies References Summarizer – 3 -2 -1 Today’s Agenda
How can I determine meaning of unknown words? What are strategies to determine meaning of unknown words? What is the purpose of reference materials (dictionary, thesaurus, glossary, almanac, encyclopedia)? L 4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11– 12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies
a. Use context (e. g. , the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. The spy succeeded only because he had a friend on the inside to abet him. Joseph always dropped the names of the famous people his father knew as a way to aggrandize his personal stature. Such lodging houses have caused more destitution, more beggary and crime than any other agency I know of. While eating dinner with the adults, the diffident youth did not speak for fear of seeming presumptuous
a. Use context (e. g. , the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. The spy SUCCEEDED only because he had a FRIEND on the INSIDE to abet him. Abet = Help Joseph always dropped the names of the FAMOUS people his father knew as a way to aggrandize his personal STATURE. Aggrandize = make larger Such lodging houses have caused more destitution, more BEGGARY and CRIME than any other agency I know of. Destitution = poverty While eating dinner with the ADULTS, the diffident YOUTH did not speak for FEAR of seeming PRESUMPTUOUS. Diffident = shy, respectful
b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e. g. , conceive, conception, conceivable). Morphemes – Prefixes, Roots, Suffixes
Prefix Meaning Example Anti- Against Antisocial, antifreeze Bi- Two Bifocals, bicycle Dis- Away, not Disgrace, disconnect Non- Not Nonsense, nondescript Pre- Before Precede, preview Un- Not Uninteresting, unable
Roots Meaning Example Aqua Water Aquatics, aquarium Ami Love Amiable, amity Bio Life Biologist, antibiotic Hemo Blood Hematologist, hemoglobin Geo Earth Geography, geology Vita Life Vitality, vitamins
Suffix Meaning Example able Capable of Believeable, recognizable Ish Have the characteristics of Selfish, foolish Ly Sharing qualities of Softly, quickly Ment Forms nouns from verbs and adjectives Government, movement, merriment Ous Like Nervous, disastrous, porous
Which of these words has a suffix that means capable of? a. Unaccountable b. Natural c. Conversation d. Discontented How does a prefix change the meaning of a word in the following sentence – It was like some horrible crime committed in a dungeon, all unseen and unheeded, buried out of sight and of memory. a. –y changes memorize to a noun b. -ible changes horror to an adjective c. -un reverses heeded d. Com- reverses mit Which word is an English cognate of French souffrance and Italian sofferenza? a. Somehow b. Suffering c. Sense d. Self-confidence
How does the suffix in the word trustingly affect its meaning? a. It becomes a verb describing how a trusting person acts. b. It becomes a noun to describe a person who has trust. c. It becomes an adjective to describe a person who trusts. d. It becomes an adverb describing someone acting with trust. What is the root word of monstrous? a. Mon b. Monster c. Monstd. Ous What prefix could be added to believe to reverse its meaning? a. bib. Semic. Disd. Sub. What is the root word of questionable? a. Quest b. -tion c. -able d. question
b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e. g. , conceive, conception, conceivable). What other words would the reader know that would help in understanding the meaning of the word lading. We were delayed in lading, and baffled by head winds and a heavy tumbling sea all the way north-about and across. a. Lake b. Loud c. Lift d. Laden Cognates - words that have a common etymological origin
c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e. g. , dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage. Complete Lesson 8 on reference materials. Use resources to correct any answers on worksheet.
Morphemes Strategies 3 Reference 2 1