- Slides: 13
Warm Up # 22 • Did President Carter make the right decisions in the Iran Hostage Crisis, why or why not?
THE PERSIAN GULF WAR
Today’s Goals • What was the role of the United States as a superpower during the 1990’s? • What did the United States hope to achieve during the Persian Gulf War?
Preview • Discuss in groups: • “What do you know about the Persian Gulf War? When was it? Who Was involved? Why was it fought?
Background Information • Iraq • 18 Million People • Slightly Larger than California in size • 1 million-man-army • 4 th Largest in the world • Lead by Saddam Hussein • Brutal Dictator • Promised “Mother of All Battles”
Iraq-Iran War • US supported Hussein • Saw him as “lesser of two evils” • Given weapons by USSR, Great Britain and France • 1988 Last Major Battle of War • Hussein killed 65, 000 Iranians
Kuwait • Feb. 1990: • Told Arab Cooperation Council they owed $30 Billion to cover Gulf States’ share of the war • July 1990: • US Ambassador meets with Hussein • Reported that Iraq wouldn’t use force against Kuwait • August 2, 1990: • Iraq invades and occupies Kuwait • President George H. W. Bush declared it an act of aggression • Sent war ships to the Persian Gulf • UN Demanded immediate withdrawal • Set out to build “international Coalition” to liberate Kuwait
War Begins • August 1990: • General Norman Schwarzkopf named commander of “Operation Desert Shield. ” • Defensive phase of the war • Blockaded all shipments of Iraqi oil • Iraqi Gov. announces that citizens of “aggressor countries” would be used as human shields. • January 1991: • Negotiation between US and Iraq end in Stalemate • Congress grants Pres. Bush authority to wage war • Enforce UN resolution against Iraq
Stormin’ Norman • January 17 th, 1991: • Operation “Desert Storm” begins • Air strikes of Radar Control Stations • Goal was to bring ”chaos” to Iraq’s ability to wage war • February 27 th, 1991: • Kuwait Liberated! • By war's end, more bomb tonnage had been dropped on Iraq than had been dropped by U. S. forces during all of World War II
Document Analysis • Analyze: • Read the excerpt as well as examine the political cartoon. • Write: • Answer the question associated with Document 1 making sure to provide evidence for your opinions. • Discuss: • With your group share what you wrote and justify your answers. • Repeat
Class Discussion • DID THE UNITED STATES & ALLIES PROPERLY EXECUTE THE PERSIAN GULF WAR?
Storyboard (If Time Allows) • You are a Commercial producer creating a storyboard for a commercial • Create an 8 box storyboard • Your commercial will express your opinion as to whether you feel the war was properly executed or not.