VY32INOVACE14 17 BRITISH LITERATURE V Victorian literature Literature

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VY_32_INOVACE_14 -17 BRITISH LITERATURE V Victorian literature Literature of the 20 th century

VY_32_INOVACE_14 -17 BRITISH LITERATURE V Victorian literature Literature of the 20 th century

Victorian period 1837 - 1875 § period of prosperity, wealth of the upper classes,

Victorian period 1837 - 1875 § period of prosperity, wealth of the upper classes, worse position of workers § prose – critical realists, deep social differences, objective observation § Late Victorian Period: great economic crisis in 1875, before and during WWI, vast number of tendencies in literature, individual interpretations of life, pessimistic atmosphere

Greatest representative § CHARLES DICKENS (1812 – 1870) one of the world´s most famous

Greatest representative § CHARLES DICKENS (1812 – 1870) one of the world´s most famous novelists describes the life of poor people, esp. children worked in a factory from 12 his father – debts- imprisoned later educated, became a clerk X money spoilt him

Charles Dickens Autor: Neznámý, Název: Collier's Dickens Charles. png Zdroj: http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File:

Charles Dickens Autor: Neznámý, Název: Collier's Dickens Charles. png Zdroj: http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Collier%27 s_Dickens_Charles. png

Dickens` work • ‘The Pickwick Papers’ – written for newspapers • witty, humorous, all

Dickens` work • ‘The Pickwick Papers’ – written for newspapers • witty, humorous, all classes´characters, slight irony strong satire • ‘Oliver Twist’ – describes a poorhouse where O. T. is brought up – his destiny, inheritance – happy ending Dickens` feature • ‘Nicholas Nickleby’ – critisizes English system of education • ‘David Copperfield’ – sad realistic story, autobiographical features • ‘The Little Dorit’ – critisizes the British state system, prisons • ‘Great Expectations’ • ‘A Christmas Carol’

Other authors THOMAS HARDY (1840 -1928) WIILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY (1811 -63) ‘Vanity Fair’ -

Other authors THOMAS HARDY (1840 -1928) WIILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY (1811 -63) ‘Vanity Fair’ - many characters, no hero, mixing plots - pessimism, 14 novels, many stories, 900 poems ‘Far from the Madding Crowd’ ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON BRONTË Sisters Charlotte (1816 -55) - novelist: ‘Jane Eyre’ - woman equal to man – shock Emily (1818 -49) - poetry, prose Anne (1820 -49) - prose - - (1850 – 94) from Edinburgh, advocate, ill – TBC ‘Treasure Island’ - adventurous story ‘The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde’ good and evil sides of human soul

Drama § OSCAR WILDE (1854 – 1900) return to comedy, brilliant wit, satire, amusing

Drama § OSCAR WILDE (1854 – 1900) return to comedy, brilliant wit, satire, amusing situations, inspired by folklore, ballads, Irish comedies: An Ideal Husband’ q ‘Lady Windemere´s Fan’ q ‘The Importance of Being Ernest’ q Novel: q ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’ Fairy Tales: q ‘Happy Prince’, ‘The Nightingale and The Rose’

Oscar Wilde Autor: Napoleon Sarony, Název: Oscar Wilde. jpg Zdroj: http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File:

Oscar Wilde Autor: Napoleon Sarony, Název: Oscar Wilde. jpg Zdroj: http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: Oscar_Wilde. jpg

Between WWI and WWII • RUDYARD KIPLING ‘Jungle Book’ • JOSEPH CONRAD • JAMES

Between WWI and WWII • RUDYARD KIPLING ‘Jungle Book’ • JOSEPH CONRAD • JAMES JOYCE – Stream of Consciousness ‘The Dublinners’ ‘Ulysses’ ‘Lord Jim’ • ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE ‘The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes’ ‘The Hound of the Baskervilles’ • JOHN GALSWORTHY ‘The Forsyte Saga’

20 th century poetry § poetry: patriotic - heroic deeds of soldiers pessimistic –

20 th century poetry § poetry: patriotic - heroic deeds of soldiers pessimistic – uselessness, disaster of the world § W. B. YEATS § T. S. ELLIOT ‘The Waste Land’

Prose after WWII • WILLIAM GOLDING ‘Lord of the Flies’ • H. G. WELLS

Prose after WWII • WILLIAM GOLDING ‘Lord of the Flies’ • H. G. WELLS ‘Time Machine’ • SAMUEL BECKET ‘Waiting for Godot’ - absurd drama • GRAHAM GREEN ‘The Ministry of Fear’ ‘The Quiet American’ • ANGRY YOUNG MEN – 50`s Kingsley Amis ‘Lucky Jim’ J. Braine ‘Room at the Top’ J. Osborn • AGATHA CHRISTIE – Queen of Detective Fiction ‘Ten Little Negroes’

Drama and wars GEORGE BERNARD SHAW 1856 – 1950, Irish § disagreement with capitalism

Drama and wars GEORGE BERNARD SHAW 1856 – 1950, Irish § disagreement with capitalism § social feeling – social plays = criticism of the society § master of spoken word = Speaker`s Corner § Nobel Prize ‘Pygmalion’ (1912) – satire on high society ’My Fair Lady’ ‘The Warren`s Profession’ ‘Joan of Arc’

George Bernard Shaw Autor: Neznámý, Název: George Bernard Shaw - 1889. jpg Zdroj: http:

George Bernard Shaw Autor: Neznámý, Název: George Bernard Shaw - 1889. jpg Zdroj: http: //commons. wikimedia. org/wiki/File: George_Bernard_Shaw_-_1889. jpg

Present times § GEORGE ORWELL ‘Animal Farm’ ‘ 1984’ § J. R. R. TOLKIEN

Present times § GEORGE ORWELL ‘Animal Farm’ ‘ 1984’ § J. R. R. TOLKIEN ‘The Lord of the Rings’ § J. K. ROWLING ‘Harry Potter’

Thank you for your attention. Autor DUM: Mgr. Darina Sikorová

Thank you for your attention. Autor DUM: Mgr. Darina Sikorová