Volcano A volcano is a rupture in the

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Volcano • A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object,

Volcano • A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

Desert • Definition: • A large, dry, barren region, usually having sandy or rocky

Desert • Definition: • A large, dry, barren region, usually having sandy or rocky soil and little or no vegetation. Water lost to evaporation and transpiration in a desert exceeds the amount of precipitation; most deserts average less than 25 cm (9. 75 inches) of precipitation each year, concentrated in short local bursts.

Canyon o A canyon a deep valley with steep sides that often has a

Canyon o A canyon a deep valley with steep sides that often has a stream or river flowing through it. o The Grand Canyon is famous because it is the largest canyon in the U. S. and has well-preserved layers of rock that tell us about North America’s geological history. o Geologic process – it was created by the Colorado River both weathering and eroding the rock and soil.

Mountain Range (Mid Atlantic ridge) • a line of mountains connected by high ground.

Mountain Range (Mid Atlantic ridge) • a line of mountains connected by high ground. • • The Mid-Atlantic Range is a north-south suboceanic ridge in the Atlantic Ocean from Iceland to Antarctica on whose crest are several groups of islands; shown by plate tectonics to be the axis along which North America has split away from Eurasia, and along which South America has split away from Africa.

Isthmus

Isthmus

STRAIT • strāt/ • a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two

STRAIT • strāt/ • a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water

What is a Peninsula? - A peninsula is a large body of land surrounded

What is a Peninsula? - A peninsula is a large body of land surrounded almost completely by water except for a part connecting to land.

CAPE • Definition: • 1 : a point or extension of land jutting out

CAPE • Definition: • 1 : a point or extension of land jutting out into water as a peninsula or as a projecting point

ISLAND • is·land • ˈīlənd/ • noun • a piece of land surrounded by

ISLAND • is·land • ˈīlənd/ • noun • a piece of land surrounded by water.

 • A chain of scattered islands in a large expanse of water. •

• A chain of scattered islands in a large expanse of water. • The Hawaiian islands were created by a volcano and a hot spot and it is continued to be used by a hot spot to keep it together. • It is a famous place because it is a popular vacation spot.

Tributary • A tributary is a stream or river that flows into a larger

Tributary • A tributary is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. The larger or parent river is called “The Mainstream “.

 • • RIVER riv·er ˈrivər/ noun a large natural stream of water flowing

• • RIVER riv·er ˈrivər/ noun a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another such stream.

Delta • Definition: • A delta is a landform that forms from deposition (building

Delta • Definition: • A delta is a landform that forms from deposition (building up) of sediment (small rocks/sand) carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth (end if a river) and enters slowermoving or standing water

 • • Lake lāk/ noun a large body of water surrounded by land.

• • Lake lāk/ noun a large body of water surrounded by land.

SEA • A large body of salt water usually surrounded mostly by land but

SEA • A large body of salt water usually surrounded mostly by land but with a connection to an ocean. • *seas are different from lakes because they are not enclosed by land. They have a relatively bigger volume of water and are usually connected to the wide open ocean

Bay • bā/ • noun • a broad inlet of the ocean where the

Bay • bā/ • noun • a broad inlet of the ocean where the land curves inward. • Bay is also life……. For many sea creatures

GULF • ɡəlf/ • noun • a deep inlet of the ocean almost surrounded

GULF • ɡəlf/ • noun • a deep inlet of the ocean almost surrounded by land, with a narrow mouth.

 • • HARBOR har·bor ˈhärbər/ noun a place on the coast where vessels

• • HARBOR har·bor ˈhärbər/ noun a place on the coast where vessels may find shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures.

OCEAN • the vast body of salt water that covers almost three fourths of

OCEAN • the vast body of salt water that covers almost three fourths of the earth's surface. • Seas are smaller than oceans and are usually located where the land ocean meet.