Vocabulary Chapter 1 Read the sentences carefully for
Vocabulary Chapter 1: Read the sentences carefully for context clues and choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word.
affinity • Part of speech: Noun • Definition: a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc. • Sentence: If we interviewed Olympic swimmers, we would probably find that they have a natural affinity for water. • Synonyms: partiality, fondness • Antonyms: dislike, aversion
fledgling • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: young, new, or inexperienced • Sentence: Beauty schools often allow their fledgling hairdressers to practice on new clients for a reduced price. • Synonyms: novice, beginner • Antonyms: expert, professional
hackneyed • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: made commonplace or trite; stale • Sentence: If your writing is riddled with hackneyed phrases, perhaps you should consider using a thesaurus. • Synonyms: overdone, overused • Antonyms: rare, unique
incessant • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: continuing without interruption; ceaseless; unending • Sentence: Her incessant whining grates on my nerves. • Synonyms: unceasing, constant, continuous, never-ending, perpetual • Antonyms: intermittent
opulence • Part of speech: noun • Definition: wealth, riches, or affluence • Sentence: For most people, the American Dream involves a certain amount of opulence. • Synonyms: luxury, abundance • Antonyms: poverty, destitution
proximity • Part of speech: noun • Definition: nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation • Sentence: The proximity of the curtains to the fireplace was a cause of concern to the safety inspector.
sagacious • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd • Sentence: The prophets of the Bible are widely regarded as sagacious men. • Synonyms: wise, discerning, clever, intelligent, judicious, acute, sharp, keen • Antonyms: unwise, foolish
supplant • Part of speech: verb • Definition: to take the place of (another), as through force, scheming, strategy, or the like; to replace (one thing) by something else. • Sentence: The leader of the small country would like to supplant democracy with his own brand of dictatorship. • Synonyms: remove, succeed
unassailable • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: not subject to denial or dispute • Sentence: The fact that certain movie stars are the epitome of the male physique is unassailable. • Synonyms: indisputable, incontestable • Antonyms: refutable
voluminous • Part of speech: adjective • Definition: of great volume, size, or extent • Sentence: Teachers and students alike are often overwhelmed with voluminous quantities of books and paper. • Synonyms: extensive, copious, ample • Antonyms: abbreviated, sparse