Vertebrate Zoology Lab n n On Card u

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Vertebrate Zoology Lab n n On Card u Name: Justin Montemarano u Email: jmontema@kent.

Vertebrate Zoology Lab n n On Card u Name: Justin Montemarano u Email: [email protected] edu u Psuedoname: Barzini u Favorite Vertebrate: Trachemys scripta elegans Office Hours u My office is CHH 48

Introduction to Ohio Fishes Some fishes found in northeastern Ohio

Introduction to Ohio Fishes Some fishes found in northeastern Ohio

Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom = Animalia n Phylum = Chordata n Subphylum = Vertebrata n

Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom = Animalia n Phylum = Chordata n Subphylum = Vertebrata n 3 major classes: u Agnatha (hagfish & lamprey) u Chondrichthyes (shark, skates & rays) u Osteichthyes (bony fish) n

Class Agnatha n Order Petromyzontiformes u Lampreys: Family Petromyzontidae t Eel-like t Sucker-disc mouth

Class Agnatha n Order Petromyzontiformes u Lampreys: Family Petromyzontidae t Eel-like t Sucker-disc mouth t Parasitic and non-parasitic forms u Our collection: t Ichthyomyzon unicuspis (silver lamprey) t Lampetra aegyptera (least brook lamprey) t Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) t Myxine sp. (Hagfish)

Hagfish (not present in Ohio) Myxine sp.

Hagfish (not present in Ohio) Myxine sp.

Silver Lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis •

Silver Lamprey Ichthyomyzon unicuspis •

Least Brook Lamprey Lampetra aepyptera

Least Brook Lamprey Lampetra aepyptera

Petromyzon marinus Sea Lamprey Attached to Salvelinus namaycush (lake trout)

Petromyzon marinus Sea Lamprey Attached to Salvelinus namaycush (lake trout)

Class Chondrichthyes No fish in collection (do not occur in Ohio) n Sharks, skates,

Class Chondrichthyes No fish in collection (do not occur in Ohio) n Sharks, skates, and rays n

Class Osteichthyes (bony fishes) • Mouth Position • Fin types and locations • Spines

Class Osteichthyes (bony fishes) • Mouth Position • Fin types and locations • Spines and rays • Operculum • Lateral line

Order Acipenseriformes Family Acipenseridae Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (shovelnose sturgeon)

Order Acipenseriformes Family Acipenseridae Scaphirhynchus platorynchus (shovelnose sturgeon)

Acipenser fulvescens (lake sturgeon) not in collection

Acipenser fulvescens (lake sturgeon) not in collection

Family Polyodontidae Polyodon spathula (paddlefish) (not in collection)

Family Polyodontidae Polyodon spathula (paddlefish) (not in collection)

Order Amiiformes n n Family Amiidae Amia calva (bowfin)—do not have in collection

Order Amiiformes n n Family Amiidae Amia calva (bowfin)—do not have in collection

Order Lepisosteiformes n Family Lepisosteidae (gars) u Lepisosteus osseus (longnose gar)

Order Lepisosteiformes n Family Lepisosteidae (gars) u Lepisosteus osseus (longnose gar)

Order Clupeiformes n Family Clupeidae (shad, herrings & sardines) u Dorosoma cepedianum (gizzard shad)

Order Clupeiformes n Family Clupeidae (shad, herrings & sardines) u Dorosoma cepedianum (gizzard shad)

Order Salmoniformes Family Salmonidae Salmo gairdneri (rainbow trout) -- in collection Crimson on opercle

Order Salmoniformes Family Salmonidae Salmo gairdneri (rainbow trout) -- in collection Crimson on opercle and down body Salmo trutta (brown trout) -- not in collection Large, dark spots Salvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) -- in collection Dark body, light spots, vermiculated dorsum

Family Umbridae Umbra limi (mudminnow)

Family Umbridae Umbra limi (mudminnow)

Family Esocidae Esox americanus (Grass Pickerel)

Family Esocidae Esox americanus (Grass Pickerel)

Order Cypriniformes Family Cyprinidae (minnows) n Family Catostomidae (suckers & redhorses) n Family Ictaluridae

Order Cypriniformes Family Cyprinidae (minnows) n Family Catostomidae (suckers & redhorses) n Family Ictaluridae (catfish/bullheads) n

Family Cyprinidae Dorsal fin lacks spines or has only one specialized spine n No

Family Cyprinidae Dorsal fin lacks spines or has only one specialized spine n No adipose fin n Dorsal fin generally has 8 rays n

Campostoma anomalum (central stoneroller)

Campostoma anomalum (central stoneroller)

Carassius auratus (goldfish)

Carassius auratus (goldfish)

Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)

Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)

Daces Clinostomus elongatus (redside dace) Large supraterminal mouth—no barbels Phoxinus erythrogaster (redbelly dace) Small

Daces Clinostomus elongatus (redside dace) Large supraterminal mouth—no barbels Phoxinus erythrogaster (redbelly dace) Small terminal mouth— no barbels Rhinichthyes atratulus (western blacknose dace) Small subterminal mouth with small barbels and upper lip fused to snout mustache

Pimephales notatus (bluntnose minnow) Scales crowded & irregular on nape

Pimephales notatus (bluntnose minnow) Scales crowded & irregular on nape

Ericymba biccatus (silverjaw minnow)

Ericymba biccatus (silverjaw minnow)

Nocomis micropogon (river chub)

Nocomis micropogon (river chub)

Semotilus atromaculatus (creek chub)

Semotilus atromaculatus (creek chub)

Shiners Luxilus cornutus (common shiner) no barbels, upper sides with horizontal lines that do

Shiners Luxilus cornutus (common shiner) no barbels, upper sides with horizontal lines that do not converge Notemigonus crysoleucas (golden shiner) Scale-less keel behind pelvic fins, strongly curved lateral line

Family Catostomidae Sucker-shaped, subterminal mouth n No dorsal spines n Collection has 4 species

Family Catostomidae Sucker-shaped, subterminal mouth n No dorsal spines n Collection has 4 species u Catostomus commersoni (white sucker) u Hypentelium nigricans (northern hogsucker) u Minytrema melanops (spotted sucker) u Moxostoma erythrurum (golden n

Catostomus commersoni (white sucker)

Catostomus commersoni (white sucker)

Hypentelium nigricans (northern hogsucker)

Hypentelium nigricans (northern hogsucker)

Minytrema melanops (spotted sucker)

Minytrema melanops (spotted sucker)

Family Ictaluridae n n No scales on body Well developed barbels (“whiskers”) on mouth

Family Ictaluridae n n No scales on body Well developed barbels (“whiskers”) on mouth Pectoral and dorsal fins with single stiff spine Adipose fine present

Ameiurus natalis (yellow bullhead)

Ameiurus natalis (yellow bullhead)

Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)

Ameiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)

Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish)

Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish)

Order Cyprinodontiformes n Family Gasterosteidae u Culaea inconstans (brook stickleback)

Order Cyprinodontiformes n Family Gasterosteidae u Culaea inconstans (brook stickleback)

Order Perciformes Family Moronidae (temperate basses) n Family Centrarchidae (sunfish) n Family Percidae (perches—includes

Order Perciformes Family Moronidae (temperate basses) n Family Centrarchidae (sunfish) n Family Percidae (perches—includes darters) n Family Gobiidae (gobies) n

Family Centrarchidae n n Dorsal fin with spines and rays, usually not separate Anal

Family Centrarchidae n n Dorsal fin with spines and rays, usually not separate Anal fin with 3 or more spines Edge of opercle smooth (not serrated) Collection has 11 species in 4 genera u Ambloplites (rock bass) u Lepomis (sunfish, bluegill) u Micropterus (bass) u Pomoxis (crappie)

Ambloplites rupestris (rock bass)

Ambloplites rupestris (rock bass)

Genus Lepomis n n Deep body (body depth goes into standard length less than

Genus Lepomis n n Deep body (body depth goes into standard length less than 3 times) Collection has 5 Lepomis species u Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) u Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed sunfish) u Lepomis gulosus (warmouth) u Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill) u Lepoimis microlophus (redear sunfish) u Lepomis megalotis (longear sunfish)

Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)

Lepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)

Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed sunfish)

Lepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed sunfish)

Lepomis gullosus (warmouth)

Lepomis gullosus (warmouth)

Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill)

Lepomis macrochirus (bluegill)

Micropterus dolomieui (smallmouth bass)

Micropterus dolomieui (smallmouth bass)

Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)

Micropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)

Genus Pomoxis < 4 anal fin spines n 4 -9 dorsal fin spines n

Genus Pomoxis < 4 anal fin spines n 4 -9 dorsal fin spines n Large mouth n Collection has 2 species u Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) u Pomoxis annularis (white crappie) n

Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)

Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)

Pomoxis annularis (white crappie)

Pomoxis annularis (white crappie)

Family Percidae Separated soft and spinous dorsal fins n 1 or 2 anal fin

Family Percidae Separated soft and spinous dorsal fins n 1 or 2 anal fin spines n Collection has 8 species n Etheostoma blennioides (greenside darter) u Etheostoma caeruleum (rainbow darter) u Etheostoma flabellare (fantail darter) u Etheostoma nigrum (johnny darter) u Perca flavescens (yellow perch) u Percina caprodes (logperch) u Percina maculata (blackside darter) u Stizostedion vitreum (walleye) u

Etheostoma blennioides (greenside darter)

Etheostoma blennioides (greenside darter)

Etheostoma nigrum (johnny darter)

Etheostoma nigrum (johnny darter)

Etheostoma caeruleum (rainbow darter)

Etheostoma caeruleum (rainbow darter)

Etheostoma flabellare (fantail darter)

Etheostoma flabellare (fantail darter)

Percina caprodes (logperch)

Percina caprodes (logperch)

Percina maculata (blackside darter)

Percina maculata (blackside darter)

Perca flavescens (yellow perch)

Perca flavescens (yellow perch)

Stizostedion vitreum (Walleye)

Stizostedion vitreum (Walleye)

Family Cottidae Cottus bairdi (Central mottled sculpin)

Family Cottidae Cottus bairdi (Central mottled sculpin)

Family Atherinidae Labidesthes sicculus (Brook Silversides)

Family Atherinidae Labidesthes sicculus (Brook Silversides)

Tips and care of specimen n n n Lay out similar groups in one

Tips and care of specimen n n n Lay out similar groups in one tray u i. e. , by Family Use the Fishes Key – available in front of room Supplement with: u Flashcards u Drawings u Photographs Use allotted lab time Use dissecting tray with moist paper towel Clean tables afterwards Replace fish TAIL FIRST

Acknowledgements n n n n www. cnr. colostate. edu/~brett/fw 300/flashcard www. seagrant. wisc. edu/greatlakes/fish/framefish.

Acknowledgements n n n n www. cnr. colostate. edu/~brett/fw 300/flashcard www. seagrant. wisc. edu/greatlakes/fish/framefish. html Ibs. uel. ac. uk/sp 2000/fishbase/ Shedd Aquarium (Chicago) Konrad P. Schmidt’s site Colorado Division of Wildlife Lots of others…

Family Cyrpinodontidae Fundulus notatus (Black stripe topminnow) n n Flattened head and nape Posteriorly

Family Cyrpinodontidae Fundulus notatus (Black stripe topminnow) n n Flattened head and nape Posteriorly placed dorsal fin

Family Poecilidae Gambusia affinis (Mosquitofish)

Family Poecilidae Gambusia affinis (Mosquitofish)

Percopsidae Percopsis omiscomaycus (Trout-Perch) Adipose fin with rough (ctenoid) scales

Percopsidae Percopsis omiscomaycus (Trout-Perch) Adipose fin with rough (ctenoid) scales

Esocids not in collection Esox lucius (northern Pike) Esox masquinongy (muskellunge)

Esocids not in collection Esox lucius (northern Pike) Esox masquinongy (muskellunge)

Other Pimephales species not in collection Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)

Other Pimephales species not in collection Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Pimephales vigilax (bullhead minnow)

Notropis rubellus (rosyface shiner)

Notropis rubellus (rosyface shiner)

Noturus flavus (stonecat madtom) Adipose fin fused with caudal peduncle, square caudal fin

Noturus flavus (stonecat madtom) Adipose fin fused with caudal peduncle, square caudal fin

Lepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Pointed pectoral fin, no speckling in dorsal or anal fin,

Lepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Pointed pectoral fin, no speckling in dorsal or anal fin, ear flap with red margin

Lepomis megalotis (longear sunfish) Small mouth, rounded pectoral fin, no spot on dorsal fin

Lepomis megalotis (longear sunfish) Small mouth, rounded pectoral fin, no spot on dorsal fin base, large flexible earflap may have red margin

Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby) Fused pelvic fin

Neogobius melanostomus (Round goby) Fused pelvic fin

Family Cyprinidae n n Campostoma anomalum (central stoneroller) Carp n Carassius auratus (goldfish) n

Family Cyprinidae n n Campostoma anomalum (central stoneroller) Carp n Carassius auratus (goldfish) n Cyprinus carpio (common carp) Daces u Clinostomus elongatus (redside dace) u Phoxinus erythrogaster (redbelly dace) u Rhinichthys atratulus (western blacknose dace) Minnows and shinners n Pimephales notatus (bluntnose minnow) n Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow)

Family Cyprinidae continued Shiners: u Luxilus cornutus (common shiner) u Notemigonus crysoleucas (golden shiner)

Family Cyprinidae continued Shiners: u Luxilus cornutus (common shiner) u Notemigonus crysoleucas (golden shiner) u Notropis rubellus (rosyface shiner) u Notropic hudsonius (spottail shiner) u Notropis buccatus (silverjaw minnow) n Chub u Nocomis micropogon (river chub) u Semotilus atromaculatus (creek chub) n

Notropis hudsonius (spottail shiner)

Notropis hudsonius (spottail shiner)

Moxostoma erythrurum (Golden Redhorse)

Moxostoma erythrurum (Golden Redhorse)

Ameiurus melas (black bullhead)

Ameiurus melas (black bullhead)

Family Moroniidae Dorsal fin with separate spine and ray portions n Sharp spine on

Family Moroniidae Dorsal fin with separate spine and ray portions n Sharp spine on back of opercle n 3 or more spines on anal fins n Collection has 2 species u Morone saxatilis (striped bass) n

Morone saxatilis (striped bass) 2 parallel patches of teeth on tongue, shallow bodied, 6

Morone saxatilis (striped bass) 2 parallel patches of teeth on tongue, shallow bodied, 6 -9 stripes on side