VERB TENSES PRESENT SIMPLE
Present Simple ✖We use Present Simple to talk about things that are generally true or that habitually happen (routines). ○British people like animals. ○I live in a flat. ○My husband works from 9 to 9. ○Ann has three children.
present simple - affirmative ✖I work ✖You work ✖He / She / It works ✖We work ✖You work ✖They work
present simple - affirmative ✖Always –s in THIRD PERSON SINGULAR. ○He is. ○She has. ○She works. ○She likes. ○He goes. ○She does. ○He says. ○He studies. ○She watches. FIRST PERSON THIRD PERSON SPELLING am is IRREGULAR have has IRREGULAR work / like works / likes Consonant/vowel → -s go goes O → -es says vowel + Y → -s study studies consonant + y → ies watches ch, s, sh, x → -es (Pronounced /iz/)
present simple - negative ✖I DO NOT work. ✖You DO NOT work. ✖He / She / It DOES NOT work. ✖We DO NOT work. ✖You DO NOT work. ✖They DO NOT work. ✖DON’T + INFINITIVE ✖DOESN’T + INFINITIVE
LET’S PRACTISE Correct the mistakes. Corregeix les errades.
✖The Browns goes to the seaside every summer. ○GO ✖I doesn’t understand the word “peacock”. ○DON’T ✖British people drinks a lot of tea. ○DRINK ✖To start the programme, first you clicks on the icon on the desktop. ○CLICK ✖My train leave at 09. 30, so I need to be at the station by 9. ○LEAVES
✖We usually plays football but sometimes we plays volleyball or tennis. ○PLAY ✖Water freeze at 0°C. ○FREEZES ✖Maria don’t like to play tennis. ○DOESN’T ✖John and Mark enjoys eating pizza. ○ENJOY ✖My mother always tell me what to do. ○TELLS
LET’S PRACTISE Order the sentence. Ordena la frase.
✖(play, she, tennis, everyday) ○She plays tennis everyday. ✖(they, not, eat, vegetables) ○They don’t eat vegetables. ✖(Maria, work, in, supermarket, a, not) ○Maria doesn’t work in a supermarket. ✖(My, live, in, sister, with, boyfriend, her, Barcelona) ○My sister lives in Barcelona with her boyfriend. ✖(Friends, be, my, German) ○My friends are German. ✖(blue, have, Aina, eyes) ○Aina has blue eyes.
present simple - questions ✖To ask questions in English, we need an auxiliary verb: DO and DOES. ! do and does Do and does can be: 1 the auxiliary verb to make present simple questions. Do you speak English? Does she live here? 2 a normal verb. I do my homework in the evening. He does exercise every day. ✖The word order for present simple questions is ASI = Auxiliary verb (do, does), Subject (I, you, he, she, etc. ), Infinitive (work, live, etc. ).
present simple - questions ✖AUXILIAR SUBJECT INFINITIVE ✖DO ………. . ? YOU LIKE FOOTBALL? SHE LIKE PIZZA? ○Yes, I DO. ○No, I DON’T. ✖DOES ○Yes, she DOES. ○No, she DOESN’T.
? Do I work? Do you work? + I do. you do. I don’t. you don’t. Does he / she / it work? Yes, he / she / it / does. / it doesn’t. Do we work? we don’t. Do you work? you don’t. Do they work? they don’t. No, he / she
LET’S PRACTISE Create questions. Fes preguntes.
✖ you / mineral water? (to drink) ○Do you drink mineral water? ✖ Sarah and Linda / their pets? (to feed) ○Do Sarah and Linda feed their pets? ✖ your teacher / your homework? (to check) ○Does your teacher check your homework? ✖ they / in the old house? (to live) ○Do they live in the old house? ✖ the cat / on the wall in the mornings? (to sit) ○Does the cat sit on the wall in the mornings?
✖your parents / TV in the afternoon? (to watch) ○Do your parents watch TV in the afternoon? ✖ your grandmother / the phone? (to answer) ○Does your grandmother answer the phone? ✖ Andy / the shopping? (to do) ○Does Andy do the shopping? ✖ Garry and Ken / a cup of tea in the afternoon? (to have) ○Do Garry and Ken have a cup of tea in the afternoon? ✖ Nina / computer games? (to play) ○Does Nina play computer games?