VERB PATTERNS MOST COMMON VERB PATTERNS 1 Verb
MOST COMMON VERB PATTERNS 1. Verb + to-infinitive 2. Verb+object+to infinitive 3. Verb +object+infinitive without to 4. Verb + ing form 5. Verb+ing form/to-infinitive
LOOK AT THE FOLLOWING VIDEO (CLICK ON THE VIDEO TO START)
LOOK AT THE EXAMPLES FROM THE VIDEO • Verb + to infinitive (e. g. refuse, manage, intended) I refuse to travel by bus. They didn’t manage to stop me. I intended to say thank you. (agree, arrange, can’t afford, decide, learn, offer, prefer, refuse, remember, seem tend)
• Verb + object + to infinitive (e. g. allow, expected) She didn’t allow me to bring food. I expected them to come back for me. (advise, cause, enable, encourage, force, remind, urge, warn)
• Verb + ing The teachers couldn’t help laughing. I keep doing stupid things on school trips. I imagined having to stay there all night. (admit, avoid, can’t stand, enjoy, fancy, miss, practice, spend/waste time, stop)
• Verb + object + infinitive I let everyone have a piece. The teacher made me clean it up.
AFTER THE VERBS REMEMBER, FORGET, STOP AND TRY WE CAN USE BOTH THE –ING FORM AND TO – INFINITIVE. HOWEVER, THE MEANING OF THE SENTENCE CHANGES. • Verb + to infinitive / ing form I must remember to put my name on the list. (means I SHOULD put my name on the list) I completely forgot to get back on the bus. (means I should have got back on the bus but I didn’t)
I remember feeling hungry all the time. I’ll never forget watching you fall into the river. ( simply reflecting on the situation in the past)
We stoped to take photos. ( means we stoped doing something in order to take photos) You should stop finding excuses. ( means one action; you stop the thing you are doing)
TRY • Verb try + to infinitive (describes difficult task) I tried to take a selfie (. . . but I fell in the river). • Verb try + ing form ( an experiment) I tried speaking French.
VERBS FEEL, HEAR, SEE AND WATCH • Verb + object + infinitive (completed action) When I saw him arrive, I was so relieved. • Verb + object + ing form ( ongoing action) My classmate saw me falling, but they didn’t manage to stop me.
WORKSHEET • Verb patterns • 1 Choose the correct verb forms. • 1 They don’t let us use / to use our phones in classrooms. • 2 Try restarting / to restart the computer. If that doesn’t work, call the IT department. • 3 I sometimes hear my neighbour practise / practising on the piano. He’s getting better each day! • 4 I don’t think either of us will ever forget having / to have this conversation. • 5 We were walking around the park and then stopped looking / to look at the stars. • 6 Will you remember picking / to pick me up from school today? And don’t be late! • 7 Well, you can’t force her go / to go to college. • 8 I spent most of my time in May revising / to revise for my final exams.
CORRECT THE SENTENCES. WRITE ONE MISSING WORD OR DELETE ONE EXTRA WORD IN EACH SENTENCE. • 1 Miss Brown always encouraged us read more. • ______________________ • 2 You don’t seem be well prepared for this exam. • ______________________ • 3 Jane, please don’t make me to call your parents! • ______________________ • 4 I saw her to eat the whole box of chocolates at one sitting! • ______________________
• 5 Please remind to go to the post office – I’m worried that I will forget. • ______________________ • 6 Many families in Indonesia can’t afford pay for their children’s education. • ______________________ • 7 I don’t remember to saying that, are you sure it was me? ______________________