USING EXAMPLES AND AVOIDING PLAGIARISM Using Examples As

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USING EXAMPLES AND AVOIDING PLAGIARISM

USING EXAMPLES AND AVOIDING PLAGIARISM

Using Examples: � As we’ve seen from the basic essay format that we’ve gone

Using Examples: � As we’ve seen from the basic essay format that we’ve gone over, using evidence (examples, quotations, statistics, and various sorts of specific facts) helps us build a solid paper. � Today, we are going to look at some specific strategies for helping us use evidence effectively and avoid plagiarism.

What is Plagiarism? � Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s ideas, thoughts, words, or original

What is Plagiarism? � Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s ideas, thoughts, words, or original work as your own without giving credit to that person.

Two types of Plagiarism: � Intentional: Intentional plagiarism is pretty self-explanatory. It involves the

Two types of Plagiarism: � Intentional: Intentional plagiarism is pretty self-explanatory. It involves the individual knowingly and purposefully taking the words or thoughts of others and presenting it as his or her own. This includes turning in a paper that is not your own and copying and pasting things into your paper without quotation marks or giving the source credit.

Two types of Plagiarism: � The second type of Plagiarism is unintentional Plagiarism. �

Two types of Plagiarism: � The second type of Plagiarism is unintentional Plagiarism. � With this type of Plagiarism, the individual is unaware of the rule governing the use of sources and mistakenly does not credit material used. This can include forgetting to put quotation marks around a credited quote or not realizing that some material in the paper needs to be cited.

Avoiding Plagiarism: When using information that’s been obtained from somewhere else, there are two

Avoiding Plagiarism: When using information that’s been obtained from somewhere else, there are two ways to integrate it into your paper: Quotation and Paraphrase. � To avoid plagiarism with either of these, we need to begin by using a signal phrase or introductory sentence (much as we’ve learned to do with our summaries) and then use appropriate parenthetical references. However, there are some additional problems that we need to look out for. �

Problems with Paraphrase: Sometimes students when they paraphrase, use too much of the original

Problems with Paraphrase: Sometimes students when they paraphrase, use too much of the original language from the source. Even though there may be a signal phrase, this is still suspicious and problematic. � Look at the example of the original text and the problematic student paraphrase on page 402 of your Hacker book. After that, look at the improved paraphrase on the same page. What are the notable differences? �

Exercise: Get out one of the essays that we’ve read for the class. Pick

Exercise: Get out one of the essays that we’ve read for the class. Pick a passage to use. Read the passage carefully. Then put the essay out of sight and try to write a paraphrase of the passage, making sure that you have cited the source correctly. � Once you are done writing your paraphrase, check it against the original. How close is it? � Have a partner check it. �