Urbanization What was it like living in the

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Urbanization What was it like living in the cities during the Gilded Age?

Urbanization What was it like living in the cities during the Gilded Age?

Quiz #4 (9/07/2017) T/F - New Immigrants adapted well into the American Culture. 2.

Quiz #4 (9/07/2017) T/F - New Immigrants adapted well into the American Culture. 2. One example of restricting immigration is _____. 3. T/F – The primary purpose for Ethnic Cities were to celebrate their culture here in America? 4. Name one Push and one Pull factor for immigrants coming to America. 1.

Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. False Chinese Exclusion Act, literacy test, quotas on immigration.

Answers 1. 2. 3. 4. False Chinese Exclusion Act, literacy test, quotas on immigration. False –to have support from discrimination and not lose their heritage. Pull – freedom, American Dream, etc. Push – persecution, lack of work, no freedom, etc.

Urbanization n a population shift from rural to urban areas

Urbanization n a population shift from rural to urban areas

Causes of Urbanization n Immigration – Settled near the immigration ports where work was

Causes of Urbanization n Immigration – Settled near the immigration ports where work was available n Industrialization – Manufacturing jobs were in the cities, so you had to be close n Importance of Railroads – You wanted to be close to the railroad stations

Effects of Urbanization Tenement Housing- Multifamily apartment buildings n Political Machines n Party Bosses

Effects of Urbanization Tenement Housing- Multifamily apartment buildings n Political Machines n Party Bosses n n We will talk about each of these…

Life in the Cities Jacob Riis n How the Other Half Lives n Published

Life in the Cities Jacob Riis n How the Other Half Lives n Published photographs and descriptions of the poverty, disease, and crime that afflicted many immigrant neighborhoods in NYC

A Growler Gang in Session (Robbing a Lush), 1887

A Growler Gang in Session (Robbing a Lush), 1887

Street Arabs in Sleeping Quarters, c. 1880 s

Street Arabs in Sleeping Quarters, c. 1880 s

Tenements urban dwellings occupied by impoverished families. They are apartment houses that barely meet

Tenements urban dwellings occupied by impoverished families. They are apartment houses that barely meet or fail to meet the minimum standards of safety, sanitation, and comfort. 10

Family Living in a one-room tenement 11

Family Living in a one-room tenement 11

“How the Other Half Lives” Read the document on page 73 of the red

“How the Other Half Lives” Read the document on page 73 of the red book and answer the questions on your note sheet n Make sure you’re identifying the argument, subclaims, and evidence as you read! n

Political Bosses i. e. William ‘Boss’ Tweed u A person who wills political power

Political Bosses i. e. William ‘Boss’ Tweed u A person who wills political power over a region or group of people u Dictates voting, political appointments, and has a TON of power They think of themselves as PUBLIC SERVANTS Social Activists think of them as CORRUPT and GREEDY 13

Political Machines Cities grew faster than the government n Informal political group takes control

Political Machines Cities grew faster than the government n Informal political group takes control of the government n “Party Boss” n Fraud – they controlled the city’s finances – Bribes n In exchange for votes, they promised – Jobs - Housing – Food - Heat – Police Protection n Who did this appeal to? n

How city bosses got rich n Once in control of the city's top elected

How city bosses got rich n Once in control of the city's top elected offices, a city boss had many ways of making money. He could demand bribes from businesses that wanted to get city contracts for jobs like paving city streets, for example. n One famous example of Boss Tweed's demands for bribes is the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City. When a group of people who wanted to build the bridge needed approval from city officials, Tweed demanded a large bribe to make it happen.

Video on Tammany Hall n https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Uw. Qpsi IRRK 8 n

Video on Tammany Hall n https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Uw. Qpsi IRRK 8 n Rebecca –please download before you come to class!! n Take notes in your assignment throughout this clip.

Primary Source Activity #2 – Pluckitt Honest Graft (political corruption) In partners, read the

Primary Source Activity #2 – Pluckitt Honest Graft (political corruption) In partners, read the excerpt on Pluckitts explanation of how he gained his wealth… n Answer the questions in your notes. n