Upgrade 1 - Unit 2 Grammar Reference: Countable & Uncountable Nouns
English nouns can be classified as COUNTABLE and UNCOUNTABLE. COUNTABLE nouns are the ones we can count. Therefore, they can be used in the plural form. On the other hand, UNCOUNTABLE nouns can’t be counted and can only be used in the singular form. Let’s start learning more about that!
Countable Nouns They are easy to recognize, since they are things we can count. For example, we can have one, two, three or more books. They can be singular or plural. e. g. My cat is white. My cats are very beautiful.
We can use an indefinite article before a countable noun. e. g. I have a cat. I had an orange after lunch. In the plural, they usually take an S. e. g. My brother loves dogs. Brazil is famous for growing oranges. We can use SOME, ANY, A FEW and MANY. e. g. I need some lemons to make a cake. I don’t have any French books in my personal library. I have a few lemons in my fridge. My girlfriend has many French books in her house.
Uncountable Nouns Uncountable nouns are abstractions, substances, concepts which can’t be separated and counted. All uncountable nouns are used in the singular form. e. g. That information is very impressive. Love is an important thing.
We can use SOME, ANY, A LITTLE and MUCH. e. g. I don’t have much milk in my fridge. Do you need any information? I just have a little of milk at home. The receptionist gave me some information on that topic.
We don’t use indefinite articles (a/an) with uncountable nouns. We use QUANTIFIERS. Look at the examples: a sack of rice a loaf of bread a jar of honey a box of cereal a slice of pizza a cup of coffee
a piece of cake a bar of chocolate a can of soda a bag of chips a mug of beer a spoon of salt a package of cookies a carton of milk a tub of ice-cream
Brownies a small, chewy, cakelike cookie, usually made with chocolate and containing nuts. Ingredients to make a brownie: 6 spoons Unsweetened Cocoa 1/4 Cup Butter 1 Cup Sugar 1/2 Teaspoon Vanilla 1/4 Teaspoon Salt 1/3 Cup Flour 2 Eggs 1 Cup Toasted Pecans
Can you identify more countable and uncountable nouns? 6 spoons Unsweetened Cocoa 1/4 Cup Butter 1 Cup Sugar 1/2 Teaspoon Vanilla 1/4 Teaspoon Salt 1/3 Cup Flour 2 Eggs 1 Cup Toasted Pecans Countable Uncountable
POSITIVE ATTITUDE NEGATIVE ATTITUDE A FEW A LITTLE I’ve got a few friends. (FEW BUT ENOUGH) Few people visited me when I was sick! (HARDLY ANYBODY) He’s got a little money. (A LITTLE BUT ENOUGH) I’ve got little money! (ALMOST NOTHING) Let’s create some more examples?