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Uniting the Colonists Chapter 5, Lesson 2 EQ: Why does conflict develop?
Vocabulary: CH. 5, Lesson 2. Page. 122 • Rebellion • Propaganda • Committee of Correspondence
TROUBLE IN MASSACHUSSETS • Colonists were in the brink of rebellion! • Britain sends troops to take control of the colonial cities. • British soldiers—are rude & compete for jobs with colonists. >: (
• Read pages 122 and 123. • Complete a Sequence of Events diagram. • You are to list the events that led to the Boston Massacre on the first three boxes (#1, 2, 3) • Then list the events that occurred AFTER the Boston Massacre (#4, 5, 6). Activity
THE BOSTON MASSACRE • March 1770—violence erupted. • Fight broke out between angry town’s people and the soldiers. • Soldier was knocked down— nervous “redcoats” fired. • Five colonists were KILLED!! http: //www. history. com/topics/american-revolution/boston-massacre
Today, you can visit the street where the Boston Massacre occurred. The location is in the middle of the great city of Boston.
Propaganda • Colonists used propaganda, such as this cartoon drawn by Paul Revere. • Propaganda helps unite the colonists!
• Samuel Adams revive committee of correspondence. • Committees protested and called for actions against Britain. • Many committees were created in the 13 colonies. • Colonists were uniting! Committees of Correspondence
• British East Indian Company— made Britain wealthy $$$ • The Company was almost bankrupt. • Gave East Indian Company total • To save the Company, Britain control of tea sales in the colonies. Passes the Tea Act. • The act Removed some taxes on tea—to make tea less expensive Crisis in Boston: Tea Act
• Colonists were still ANGRY! • Did not want to pay any taxes on tea. • New boycott on tea. • Colonists wanted to stop the East Indian Company’s boats from unloading tea! Daughter’s of Liberty “We’ll part with our tea!”
The Boston Tea Party, 1773 • Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty rounded up angry colonists to participate in a rebellion of the Tea Act • December 16, 1773Ø Boston rebels disguised as Native Americans invade three British tea ships Ø These “Indians” dumped 300 chests (almost $2 million dollars worth in today’s money) of East India Company’s tea into the water. http: //www. history. com/topics/american-revolution/boston-tea-party
• Create a Propaganda Flyer to try to convince American colonists to UNITE against the British. • Remember: Proclamation of 1763, Tea Acts, No Taxation without Representation, Boston Massacre Activity: Propaganda Poster
• Page 123 • How did Samuel Adams and Paul Revere use propaganda to rally colonists after the Boston Massacre? Before you Go…
Intolerable Acts • After the Boston Tea Party—King George III and Parliament passes the Intolerable (Coercive) Acts. • The Coercive Acts force colonists to do things they did not want to. • The laws were meant to punish the colonists for resisting British authority and the Boston Tea Party. 1. Banned town meetings in Massachusetts 2. Close Boston harbor until colonists paid for the tea! • The colonists believed that these laws violated their rights= called them INTOLERABLE • INTOLERABLE ACTS BRING COLONISTS TOGETHER INSTEAD!!!
I dressed myself in the costume of an Indian, equipped with a small hatchet, which I and my associates denominated the tomahawk, with which, and a club, after having painted my face and hands with coal dust in the shop of a blacksmith, I repaired to Griffin's wharf, where the ships lay that contained the tea. . . We then were ordered by our commander to open the hatches and take out all the chests of tea and throw them overboard, and we immediately proceeded to execute his orders, first cutting and splitting the chests with our tomahawks, so as thoroughly to expose them to the effects of the water. In about three hours from the time we went on board, we had thus broken and thrown overboard every tea chest to be found in the ship, while those in the other ships were disposing of the tea in the same way, at the same time. We were surrounded by British armed ships, but no attempt was made to resist us. – Anonymous, "Account of the Boston Tea Party by a Participant, " (1773)