- Slides: 24
Unit 7 -TRADE • • International Trade Vocabulary Free Trade Barriers Trade Agreements Global Developments United Nations Human Rights
Monday • Get your Notebooks • New EQ and Table of Contents • EQ: Why do countries promote trade? • Today we will: Complete warm-up activity, finish 30 Days on Minimum Wage, answer discussion questions, notes, worksheet
Warm-up Activity • Identify where at least 5 items that you own/are wearing today come from. • Label the country of origin, use the map on page 811 or your phone to find the country if you don’t know where it is…. IDK is not an answer or an excuse, just laziness. • Draw an arrow to where you live! • Answer the three questions.
Clear your desk • You should have something to write with and your video guide. • We have about 15 minutes left of the video.
• Use your textbook page 707 -708 for questions 1, 2, and 5. • Top exports: Machinery (8 billion) Electronic Equipment (170 billion) Aircraft/spacecraft (131 Billion) Vehicles (`27 billion) Oil (106 billion) Top Imports: Electronic Equipment 332 Billion Machinery 329 billion vehicles 283 billion oil 283 billion Pharmaceuticals 86. 1 billion
Absolute and Comparative advantage https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Vvfzaq 7 2 wd 0 Complete worksheet Questions 6 -12 read page 708 and 712 to answer
Tuesday!!! • EQ: How has globalization affected international trade? • Today we will: Complete comparative and absolute advantage worksheet, work on notes, complete open notes quiz complete activity on trade cartels, globalization video ---might move to tomorrow
• Protectionism – idea that country should impose barriers to international trade in order to protect domestic industries. Arguments Against Free Trade 1. Job security is threatened. 2. Protection of nation’s economic security is needed. 3. Protection of infant industries is needed.
Trade Cartels Example: OPEC • OPEC stands for: organization of petroleum exporting countries • Original members: (1960) Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela • United Arab Emirates, Qatar • https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=67 xn. H 4 xj. Zy. Q
Read about Free trade on Page 710 Arguments For Free Trade 1. Increased competition = improved products. 2. Trade restrictions damage export industries. 3. Specialization and comparative advantage lowers prices.
• • 15. What is NAFTA page 710 16. Make a guess 17. outsourcing P. 636 18. apparel, textile, furniture, information technology
Wednesday • EQ: Why has interdependence led to globalization? • Today we will: Finish notes, globalization clip, BREIF Review, TEST
4 facts to ponder about poverty • ½ the world’s population (3 BILLION) live on $2. 50 a day • 1 billion children are in poverty and 22, 000 children die each DAY due to poverty • 750 million people lack adequate access to clean drinking water or 2, 300 people per day. • 1/4 of all humans live without electricity — approximately 1. 6 billion people.
• 20 and 21 = page 724 and 725 • 23 - 739 -745
Globalization Videos • Part one, read the questions before we start, guess on the ones you think you know • As we watch, fill in the answers you didn’t know • Part 2 make a T-chart for good/bad arguments about globalization
Discussion Questions • What type of industry do most people in the US and other 1 st/2 nd world countries (highly developed nations) work in? • What good things come from globalization? • What bad things?
INTERNATIONAL TRADE VOCABULARY • Import – a product purchased from another country. • Export – a product sold to another country. • Global interdependence – idea that countries of the world are growing increasingly dependent on one another. • Comparative advantage – ability of one country to produce a product at a lower opportunity cost than another country. • Favorable balance of trade – a country exports more than they import. Foreign trade is profitable to the nation. • Unfavorable balance of trade – a country imports more than they export. Foreign trade loses money for the nation.
FREE TRADE Arguments For Free Trade 1. Increased competition = improved products. 2. Trade restrictions damage export industries. 3. Specialization and comparative advantage lowers prices. 4. Greater political cooperation.
TRADE BARRIERS • Protectionism – idea that country should impose barriers to international trade in order to protect domestic industries. Arguments Against Free Trade 1. Job security is threatened. 2. Protection of nation’s economic security is needed. 3. Protection of infant industries is needed. • • Trade Barriers Tariff (protective, revenue) Quota – a limit on the value or number of products to be brought in from another country Embargo – a refusal to trade with another country. Trade Cartel – a group of nations band together to control the supply & price of a product. (OPEC) OPEC COUNTRIES
TRADE AGREEMENTS • NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement (US, Canada, Mexico) • CAFTA – Central American Free Trade Agreement (US, Central American Countries • WTO – World trade Organization – app. 150 nations seeking to increase trade and limit trade barriers. • EU – European Union – 27 European countries have created a single economic entity.
Global Developments Protectionism – idea that a country wants to prevent free trade to safeguard the jobs, and the overall economy. Developed Country – a country which is highly industrialized, with high levels of technology, and a large middle class. Developing Country – a country which is transitioning from a more traditional economy to an industrialized nation. There are various levels of developing nations. Arguments for Supporting Development 1) Higher per capita GDP. 2) Opens markets to sell goods and services. 3) Promotes democracy. Issues for Supporting Development 1) Environmental protection. 2) Protection of Domestic Jobs.
United Nations • Internationalism – nations should cooperate to promote common aims, such as supporting economic development and fighting terrorism. Goals of the United Nations • Promote peace • Provide aid to nations • Promote & Protect Democratic Elections • Prevent Violence • Provide aid to Refugees Globalization • Interdependence and interaction among individuals and nations working across barriers of distance, culture, and technology. Global Issues 1) Environmental Destruction 2) Economic Inequality
Human Rights Declaration of Human Rights Protection of Rights 1) – – 2) Similar to US Bill of Rights Additions – freedom of movement, right to asylum, right to nationality, right marry/family, own property Raising Standards of Living – – 1) 2) Includes - right to security, right to work, equal pay for equal work, right to form and join trade unions. Additions – standard of living acceptable for health and wellbeing, right to education Human Rights Violations Genocide – deliberate killing of members of a racial or cultural group. (Nazi Germany, Rwanda) Apartheid – separating people based on race or ethnicity. (South Africa, Similar Issues in Southern United States – Jim Crow Laws)