- Slides: 27
Unit 6 The Invisible Collection Supplement: The Holocaust and Jews • • What is the Holocaust? Who are Jews? According to Winston Churchill, “The Holocaust is probably the greatest and most terrible crime ever committed in the whole history of the world. ”
The Holocaust holos: completely; kaustos: burnt • Definition: the genocide of about six million European Jews during WWII, by Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime of Germany • Ghetto • Concentration Camp • Gas Chamber • Inhumane Body Experiments
Famous Jews in all walks of life • Do you know • many celebrities are Jews and they have great talents and achievements in their professional areas. • Let’s look at the following examples.
1929 -1945 Germany (died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp)
Anne Frank • She gained international fame posthumously following the publication of her diary. (pictures in Amsterdam)
The Diary of Anne Frank, 1947 • Otto Frank: “For me it was a revelation. . . I had no idea of the depth of her thoughts and feelings. . . She had kept all these feelings to herself. ”
1856 -1939, Austria • An influential psychologist • Psychoanalytic school of psychology • The Unconscious, Hysteria, Talk Cure • Work: • The Interpretations of Dreams (1899)
Sigmund Freud (Statue in London)
1879 -1955 Germany, Italy, Switzerland, USA • A physicist winning the 1921 Nobel Prize • Published over 300 scientific works and 150 non-scientific works • His name means “genius” • Theory of relativity • Mass-Energy Equivalence
Albert Einstein Person of the Century in 1999, Time
1907 -1954, Mexico • Female Artist • Surrealism • 1925 Serious Car Accident • 1929 Married Diego Rivera ( Muralist) • Self-Portraits • The film stars Salma Hayek
1883 -1924, Czech Republic • World-renowned writer • Agonizing relationship with his father • Insurance officer, factory manager • Suffer from T. B.
Franz Kafka • Works: • The Metamorphosis (1915) • The Trial (1925) • The Castle (1926)
Kafka’s House 22 Golden Lane in Prague
Kafka’s Statue in Prague • Sculptured by Jaroslav Rona • The image of a young man riding on another one's shoulders through the night streets of Prague appears in Franz Kafka's early short story "Description of a Struggle. "
1881 -1942, Austria • Novelist, Playwright, Journalist, Biographer • Pacifist • Suicide in Brazil
Stefan Zweig • Letter from an Unknown Woman (1922) • The Invisible Collection (1926) • Twenty-Four Hours in the Life of a Woman (1927) • World of Yesterday (Autobiography, 1942)
1946 -Present, USA • • A Hollywood Director Dream Work Academy Award: Best Director (Schindler’s List, Saving Private Ryan) • Best Picture (Schindler’s List, Saving) • Works: ET (1982), Jaws (1975), Jurassic Park (1993) Schindler’s List (1993) • Steven Speilberg
Schindler’s List Liam Neeson, Ralph Fiennes
Right: Oscar Schindler & Itzhak Stern Left: One of several name lists(more than 1000 Polish Jews)
Conclusion • I have a dream that • I think it better to one day this nation conclude in good time will rise up and live and in erect bearing a out the true meaning life in which of its creed: “We hold intellectual labor these truths to be selfmeant purest joy and evident, that all men personal freedom the are created equal. ” highest good on earth. - Martin Luther King, Jr. – Stefan Zweig