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Unit 5 Day 4 (Voting Models) Quote: “Always vote for principle, though you may vote alone, and you may cherish the sweetest reflection that your vote is never lost. ” - President John Quincy Adams Learning Objective: Explain the roles that individual choice and state laws play in voter turnout in elections. Enduring Understanding: Factors associated with political ideology, efficacy, structural barriers, and demographics influence the nature and degree of political participation.
Voting Models • When voters select a candidate, there are many different factors that can play a part, including how they come to a decision. There are four main models of decision making.
• Rational-choice voting: voters examine an issue or candidate and make a conscious choice based on the voters values. Often, these values come down to issues the voter is passionate about.
• Retrospective voting: voters look to what a candidate or political party has done in the past (track-record). • Prospective voting: voters anticipate what a candidate or party will do in the future if they are in office. How will this person or initiative affect their individual lives.
• Party-line voting: voters vote for all of the candidates of the political party that they identify with (party identification). They typically do not examine the other candidates or issues.
• Sometimes, personality, integrity, and/or competency play a role in who a voter decides on. If a candidate from their party is “that bad, ” voters will often refrain from voting or vote with the “other” party.