Unit 39 Respiratory System Copyright 2008 Delmar Learning

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Unit 39 Respiratory System Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Unit 39 Respiratory System Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Objectives • Spell and define terms. • Review the location and function of the

Objectives • Spell and define terms. • Review the location and function of the respiratory organs. • Describe some common diseases of the respiratory system. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Objectives • List five diagnostic tests used to identify respiratory conditions. • Describe nursing

Objectives • List five diagnostic tests used to identify respiratory conditions. • Describe nursing assistant actions related to the care of patients with respiratory conditions. • Identify patients who are at high risk of poor oxygenation. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Objectives • Describe the care of patients with a tracheostomy, laryngectomy, and chest tubes.

Objectives • Describe the care of patients with a tracheostomy, laryngectomy, and chest tubes. • List five safety measures for the use of oxygen therapy. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Introduction • Life cannot be maintained without oxygen, and carbon dioxide must be eliminated

Introduction • Life cannot be maintained without oxygen, and carbon dioxide must be eliminated from the body. • Diseases of the respiratory tract that interfere with this vital exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide bring acute distress. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Introduction • Nursing care is directed toward making patients’ breathing easier and preventing the

Introduction • Nursing care is directed toward making patients’ breathing easier and preventing the transmission of infection. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Structure and Function • The respiratory system is sometimes called the lifeline of the

Structure and Function • The respiratory system is sometimes called the lifeline of the body. • It extends from the nose to the tiny air sacs that make up the bulk of the lungs. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Patients at Risk of Poor Oxygenation • Hypoxemia – Condition in which there is

Patients at Risk of Poor Oxygenation • Hypoxemia – Condition in which there is insufficient oxygen in the blood. – Many of the patients who are at high risk for developing hypoxemia are not in the intensive care unit, where monitoring is routine. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Patients at Risk of Poor Oxygenation • They are in medical and surgical units,

Patients at Risk of Poor Oxygenation • They are in medical and surgical units, in the long-term care facility, or in other patient care areas. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Upper Respiratory Infections • An upper respiratory infection (URI) – Follows invasion of the

Upper Respiratory Infections • An upper respiratory infection (URI) – Follows invasion of the upper respiratory organs by microbes – The upper respiratory organs include the nose, sinuses, and throat Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Upper Respiratory Infections • The common cold, which is caused by a virus, is

Upper Respiratory Infections • The common cold, which is caused by a virus, is an example of an upper respiratory infection. • It is one of the most ordinary illnesses found in people. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease • COPD is also called chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease • COPD is also called chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD) – Conditions that result in chronic blockage or obstruction of the respiratory system – Not reversible Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Surgical Conditions • Most respiratory problems are not treated with surgery. • However, several

Surgical Conditions • Most respiratory problems are not treated with surgery. • However, several problems do require surgical correction to ensure uninterrupted air flow. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Special Therapies Related to Respiratory Illness • Nursing assistants aid patient breathing through proper

Special Therapies Related to Respiratory Illness • Nursing assistants aid patient breathing through proper positioning and by helping provide moisture and oxygen • They also are assigned to collect sputum specimens for examination. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.

Collecting a Sputum Specimen • You may need to collect a sputum specimen from

Collecting a Sputum Specimen • You may need to collect a sputum specimen from a patient. – Sputum is matter that is brought up from the lungs. – A culture of the specimen identifies the cause of an infection. Copyright © 2008 Delmar Learning. All rights reserved.