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Unit 3: The Judiciary/ Civil Rights & Liberties Lecture & Discussion 3: Civil Rights & Equal Protection
Do Now Read the case summary for Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and respond to the prompts. 1. What was Jim Crow? How did it impact African Americans throughout the South? 2. What casewas established doctrine “separate Jim Crow a series the of laws passed in but equal. ”states Whatinwas impact? southern the its 1800 s that enforced 3. What case overturned Plessy? What was the segregation and denied equality to blacks. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) established Court’s interpretation Amendment 14? “separate but equal, ” of which constitutionally upheld v. racial segregation in public facilities. Brown Board (1954) established that “separate but equal” was unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause in the Fourteenth Amendment.
Political Dictionary Record the following terms. • civil rights • Amendment 14: Equal Protection Clause • Jim Crow Laws • “separate but equal” • Civil Rights Act (1964) • Voting Rights Act (1965)
Essential Question Record and consider possible responses to the essential question. How have civic participation, federal legislation, and Supreme Court rulings provided equality for minority groups in this country?
Introduction Read 7. 1: “Struggle for Civil Rights” Timeline. 1. How did the ruling in Dred Scott (1857) differ from the passage of 14 th Amendment (1868)? 2. Compare the rulingscitizenship, in Plessy v. Ferguson Dred Scott denied whereas the (1896) and Brown v. Board (1954). citizenship Fourteenth Amendment extended rights tolegalized African legislation Americans. 3. What significant was passed Plessy public segregation by in 1964? What “separate was its impact? establishing but equal, ” whereas Brown ruled it was The Civil Rights Actunconstitutional. was passed in 1964, which bans discrimination and promotes equal rights.
Reading Notes Read Chapter 7. 2: Citizenship and Rights. 1. Define civil rights. Civil rights are guarantees of equal treatment 2. Record thelaw, Equal Protection Clause. under the which are provided through federal legislation and to Court “No state shall…deny any interpretations. person within its 3. What is its purpose? jurisdiction the equal protection of the law. ” The purpose is Fourteenth to prevent states from passing Amendment (1868) discriminatory laws, which provided support and motivation for social movements that expanded the rights of minorities.
Reading Notes Read Chapter 7. 2: Citizenship and Rights. 4. Take notes on the following significant civil rights legislation. Civil Rights Act (1964) • The legislation ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Reading Notes Read Chapter 7. 2: Citizenship and Rights. 4. Take notes on the following significant civil rights legislation. Voting Rights Act (1965) • The legislation prohibited racial discrimination in voting, including use of literacy tests as a voting requirement.
Reading Notes Read Chapter 7. 2: Citizenship and Rights. 4. Take notes on the following significant civil rights legislation. Education Amendments Act (1972) • Title IX prohibited the discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity that receives federal funding.
Reading Notes Read Chapter 7. 2: Citizenship and Rights. 4. Take notes on the following significant civil rights legislation. Equality Act (2019) • The legislation would amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to include protections that ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
Activity The Naturalization Test
Activity To become a naturalized citizen, you must pass the naturalization test. At your naturalization interview, you must take an English and civics test. There are 100 civic questions on the naturalization test. During the naturalization interview, you will be asked up to 10 questions from the list of 100 questions in English. You must answer correctly six (6) of the ten (10) questions to pass the civics test in English. Take a sample test at: https: //www. cnn. com/2017/03/07/us/us-citizenshipquiz-trnd/index. html
Processing Discuss the prompts: 1. If you were trying to become a U. S. citizen, would you have passed the test? 2. How well does the test prepare naturalized citizens to make a difference in our democracy? 3. Should all citizens – regardless of where they were born – have to pass a test like this every five years in order to maintain citizenship?