Unit 2 Metabolic Processes Photosynthetic Pigments SBI 4

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Unit 2: Metabolic Processes Photosynthetic Pigments SBI 4 U – Ms. Richardson

Unit 2: Metabolic Processes Photosynthetic Pigments SBI 4 U – Ms. Richardson

Light Can behave as a particle (photon) or a wave When light behaves as

Light Can behave as a particle (photon) or a wave When light behaves as a wave, the shorter the wavelength, the more energetic the photon Sunlight contains photons of every wavelength Visible light: small part of the electromagnetic spectrum (380 – 750 nm)

Photoelectric Effect Formation of electrically charged particles in matter when illuminated by light

Photoelectric Effect Formation of electrically charged particles in matter when illuminated by light

Leaves Function: photosynthesis Structure: maximizes surface area exposed to light limits distance for gases

Leaves Function: photosynthesis Structure: maximizes surface area exposed to light limits distance for gases to travel to reach chloroplast

Leaves

Leaves

Transpiration Loss of water vapour in plants, primarily through stomata Assists photosynthesis: Transpiration pull

Transpiration Loss of water vapour in plants, primarily through stomata Assists photosynthesis: Transpiration pull Evaporative cooling

Stomata Controls gas exchange Guard cells swell when K+ ions and water move into

Stomata Controls gas exchange Guard cells swell when K+ ions and water move into guard cells Stomata close (night) When K+ ions and water move out of guard cells, they become flaccid Stomata open (day) CO 2 absorbed

Chloroplasts Site of photosynthesis Occurs mainly in stroma and thylakoid membrane Contain their own

Chloroplasts Site of photosynthesis Occurs mainly in stroma and thylakoid membrane Contain their own DNA and ribosomes May contain starch an lipids

Pigment Molecules that absorb light Many different types of pigments in plants, each absorbing

Pigment Molecules that absorb light Many different types of pigments in plants, each absorbing light of different wavelengths Pigment molecules appear the colour that they reflect Eg: chlorophyll reflects green light

Pigment Molecules Carotenoids Orange and yellow accessory pigments B-carotene = orange in carrots/fall leaves

Pigment Molecules Carotenoids Orange and yellow accessory pigments B-carotene = orange in carrots/fall leaves Trap energy that is passed to chlorophyll for use in photosynthesis Allow plants to absorb wider range of light

Pigment Molecules Chlorophyll a and b Green pigment molecules Absorb mainly blue and red

Pigment Molecules Chlorophyll a and b Green pigment molecules Absorb mainly blue and red light Hydrophobic Found in thylakoid membrane

Photosystems Located in thylakoid membrane Network of 40 -70 chlorophyll a molecules (antenna pigments)

Photosystems Located in thylakoid membrane Network of 40 -70 chlorophyll a molecules (antenna pigments) grouped around a central chlorophyll b molecule (reaction centre)

Photosystems Antenna pigments absorb light of various wavelengths and pass energy to reaction centre

Photosystems Antenna pigments absorb light of various wavelengths and pass energy to reaction centre When pigment molecules absorb light, they eject electrons The energy from the electrons is used in photosynthesis Two photosystems involved in photosynthesis: PSI (P 700) – driven by light around 700 nm PSII (P 680) – driven by light around 680 nm Photosynthesis is most effective when PSI and PSII work together (non-cyclic photophosphorylation)