- Slides: 22
Unit 1 Study Guide Review Study of Government
Government vs. Politics An institution A process Government
4 features of a state Population Territory Government Sovereignty
Purpose of the “state” under the Social Contract Theory The state exists to serve the will of the people
6 Purposes of Government in the Preamble Form a more perfect union Establish justice Provide for the common defense Promote the general welfare Insure domestic tranquility Secure the blessings of liberty
Majority Rule vs. Minority Rights The will of the majority cannot be used to deprive the rights to a member of a minority group.
Major content of the Declaration of Independence Complaints of the wrongs done to the colonists
Branches of government under the Articles of Confederation Only a legislative branch, consisting of a unicameral Congress
What resulted from the Philadelphia Convention Decided to draft a new constitution
Convention Plans New Jersey Plan: unicameral Congress with each state represented equally, a federal executive Virginia Plan: 3 branches, with a bicameral Congress Connecticut Plan: Congress would have 2 Houses; smaller Senate and a larger House
Smaller states favor Connecticut Compromise Made it possible for smaller states to support the creation of a strong central government
Federalists vs. Anti. Federalists: favored ratification of the Constitution Anti-Federalists: feared that the new government would have too much power and the people too little.
Power separation in the Constitution Legislative branch Judicial branch Executive branch
Checks and balances examples Congress: senate approves the President’s nominee for Supreme Court justice President: can veto an Act of Congress Courts: Supreme Court declares a law unconstitutional
st 1 three words of the Constitution and its principle “We the People” Popular sovereignty
Constitution has lasted 200+ years… Has built-in provisions or accommodating change
Ratification of the Bill of Rights and beyond Bill of Rights ratified in 1791 An amendment may only be changed by another amendment
Purpose of Federalism Divides power between a National Government and State Governments
Mc. Culloch v. Maryland Summary: Refusal of Mc. Culloch from paying taxes Ruling: Mc. Culloch won due to the Supremacy Clause
Full Faith and Credit Clause States must honor the legality of one another’s civil laws
19. Political Cartoon (8889) Who has power within a federal system of government? How is power divided within this system?
20. Essay Brainstorm Discuss the 6 purposes of government as outlined in the Preamble. (p. 8 -9) Explain or justify the Social Contract Theory of government. (8) Describe the system of checks and balances created by the Constitution. (67)