- Slides: 15
Unification of Italy What ‘s in Name? 1. Based upon the following nickname, identify what qualities each of these people would possess: a) The Soul b) The Brain c) The Sword 2. Create a nickname that is representative of who you are as a person.
The Leaders of Unification n Giuseppe Mazzini 1805 -1872 n Camillo Cavour 1810 -1861 n Guiseppe Garibaldi 1807 -1882 These influential leaders helped create a united Italy.
What inspired the unification of Italy?
Nationalism Grows Italy was divided into many small states. n Congress of Vienna redivided Italy and put much of it under Austrian or Spanish control. n Italy was completely fragmented. n
Problems with Unification Nationalists wanted unity but regional differences worked against them n Austria ruled Northern Italy n Catholic Church controlled central Italy n
Giuseppe Mazzini n n n “The secret of being able to do 1805 -1872 something lies in wanting to do it” A rebel Founds Young Italy, a secret nationalist society Spends years in exile for his views. Writings and speeches provide inspiration to the nationalist movement Nickname the “Soul”
Camillo Cavour n n n n 1810 -1861 A statesman Prime minister of Sardina Strengthened the economy, formed foreign alliances Launched wars to gain lands and build power. Used diplomacy and war to drive Austrian power from Italy The “Brain” n
Giuseppe Garibaldi n n n n 1807 -1882. A soldier. Member of young Italy. Spent many years in exile. Led a volunteer army know as the red shirts. Won control of southern Italy and help to unite it with the north. The “sword. ”
RIGHT LEG IN THE BOOT AT LAST “If it won’t go on, Sire, try a little more powder”
Before and after Italian Unification n
Who said it? “ Here we make Italy-or die!” Garibaldi the “Sword”
Who said it? n “In my Pride as an Italian, I Had dreamed that it would be our work perhaps- my own country is the only one which died to be reborn to a second life more spendid that the first. ” n. Mazzini the “Soul”
Who said it? n “In order to acquire more territory for Piedmont-Sardinia I must build and find allies” Cavour the “Brain”
Garibaldi is shown here with Italian king Victor Emmanuel II in Rome in 1875.
Final Thoughts Risorgimento: Refers to the revival of the nationalist movement “Love Italy always, and love as far as you can. ” Mazzini, 8 -16 -1847