- Slides: 15
Types of Pronouns PERSONAL, REFLEXIVE, INTENSIVE, DEMONSTRATIVE, INTERROGATIVE, RELATIVE, INDEFINITE!!!!!
Personal Pronouns ◦ Refers to the one speaking (first person)--I, me, my, mine, we, us, ours ◦ Refers to the one spoken to (second person)--you, yours ◦ Refers to the one spoken about (third person)--he, him, his, she her, hers, its, they, them, theirs
Personal Pronouns in sentences First person: I have a goldfish. My goldfish is old. Second person: You have a goldfish. Your goldfish has grown larger. Third person: She has a goldfish. Its name is Muffin.
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns ◦ Reflexive: refers to the subject of a sentence and generally functions as an direct object, indirect object or an object of a preposition. It can also function as a subject complement ◦ Intensive: emphasizes its antecedent (the noun it refers back to) ◦ Generally, you can remove the intensive pronoun and the sentence will retain its meaning ◦ First person reflexive/intensive pronouns: myself, ourselves ◦ Second person reflexive/intensive pronouns: yourself, yourselves ◦ Third person reflexive/intensive pronouns: himself, herself, itself, themselves
Reflexive Pronouns in Sentences First Person: I accidentally cut myself while chopping onions. Second Person: You should educate yourself about the issue. Third Person: She loves herself just the way she is.
Intensive Pronouns in Sentences First Person: I did it myself! Second Person: You walk the dog yourself. Third Person: She herself could see that the answer was incorrect.
More Intensive Pronouns in Sentences I myself prefer chocolate I prefer chocolate myself. You yourself said that you didn't like the table. You said yourself you didn't like the table. Bob and Jim themselves do the work. Bob and Jim do the work themselves.
Demonstrative Pronouns "Demonstrative" is a subclass of the Determiner class. What does a determiner do? Points out a specific person, place, thing, or idea ◦ Indicates both "number" and "proximity" (how close or far away something is) of the following noun Singular Plural Near This These Distant That Those
Demonstrative Pronouns in Sentences This dog needs to get out of my house. That dog needs to get out of my house These cats are afraid of this dog. Those cats are afraid of that dog.
Interrogative Pronouns Introduces a question ◦ Person: Who, whom, whose ◦ Thing, Place, Idea: Which, what
Interrogative Pronouns in Sentences To whom did you give my plant? Whose socks are these? What replaces swords in Baz Luhrmann’s interpretation of Romeo and Juliet? Who kills Tybalt?
More Interrogative Pronouns in Sentences Tell me what you want for lunch. Mark is who bought you flowers.
Indefinite Pronouns ◦ The misfit toys of pronouns ◦ Refers to one or more persons, places, things, or ideas that may or may not be specifically named ◦ Enough, fewer, many, much, several, all, both, every, either, none, less, more, each, some, little, most, any, someone, something, somebody, everything, everyone, anybody, anything, anyone, nobody, nothing, no one
Indefinite Pronouns in Sentences Acting as a determiner: I want some spaghetti. I need more money. Either dress would be appropriate for the wedding. Scott has been waiting for your call for several hours. Acting as a nominal (noun phrase): Anybody can publish a novel these days. Nothing looks good on me! She gave her book to someone, but she doesn’t know whom.
Indefinite Pronouns Fun Fact Unlike most nouns, indefinite pronouns can be modified by single adjectives in the post-headword position. ◦ You could say “I don’t care for anything sweet, ” even though you couldn’t say “I don’t care for food sweet. ”