Types of Poetry Chandra Langit Putri B Epic
Types of Poetry Chandra Langit Putri B
Epic Poetry In literature, an epic is a long narrativepoem, which is usually related to heroic deeds of a person of an unusual courage and unparalleled bravery. 2
Romantic Poetry Romantic poetry is the poetry of the Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 18 th century. My heart leaps up when I behold A rainbow in the sky: So was it when my life began; So is it now I am a man; So be it when I shall grow old, Or let me die! The Child is father of the Man; And I could wish my days to be Bound each to each by natural piety. ㅡ My Heart Leaps Up by William Wordsworth 3
Satire Poetry is a poetry that attacks individuals or categories of people or patterns of moral and/or social behaviour and attitudes and phenomena deemed to be foolish, wicked, or ridiculous. Here is an example of Satire Poetry by Jonathan Swift ➡� 4
Haiku Poetry Haiku is a poem that has three lines, where the first and last lines have five moras, and the middle line has seven. Limerick Poetry A limerick is a humorous poem consisting of five lines. Old pond a frog jumps the sound of water ㅡ Old Pond by Basho And let me the canakin clink, clink; And let me the canakin clink A soldier’s a man; A life’s but a span; Why, then, let a soldier drink. ㅡ Othello by William Shakespeare 5
Sonnet The word sonnet is derived from the Italian word “sonetto, ” which means a “little song” or small lyric. Sonnet by William Shakespeare “From fairest creatures we desire increase, That thereby beauty’s rose might never die. But as the riper should by time decease, His tender heir might bear his memory: But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes, Feed’st thy light’s flame with self-substantial fuel, Making a famine where abundance lies, Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel. Thou that art now the world’s fresh ornament And only herald to the gaudy spring, Withine own bud buriest thy content And, tender churl, mak’st waste in niggarding. Pity the world, or else this glutton be, To eat the world’s due, by the grave and
“Hymn of Pan” by Shelley Lyric Poetry Lyric poem or lyrical poem in literature is a poem in which the poet either expresses his feelings and emotions. “FROM the forests and highlands �We come, we come; From the river-girt islands, �Where loud waves are dumb �Listening to my sweet pipings. The wind in the reeds and the rushes, �The bees on the bells of thyme, The birds on the myrtle bushes, �The cicale above in the lime, And the lizards below in the grass, Were as silent as ever old Tmolus was, �Listening to my sweet pipings. ”
Narrative Poetry Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that tells a story, often making the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metered verse. The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore— While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. “’Tis some visitor, ” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door— Only this and nothing more. ” 8
Epigram Poetry An epigram is a short poem that expresses some truth, but it might have a sarcastic or humorous tone.
Doctor Faustus (By Christopher Marlow) “Fair Nature’s eye, rise, rise again, and make Perpetual day; or let this hour be but A year, a month, a week, a natural day, That Faustus may repent and save his soul!” Soliloquy The word soliloquy is derived from the Latin word solo, which means “to himself, ” and loquor, which means “I speak, ” respectively. A soliloquy is often used as a means of character revelation or character manifestation to the reader or the audience of the play.
Pastoral Poetry Pastoral poetry is known for exploring the relationship between humans and nature, and for romanticizing the ideals of a simple country life. 11
Theocritus (By Oscar Wilde) Villanelle In literature, it is defined as a poetic device that which requires a poemto have 19 lines and a fixed form. O Singer of Persephone! In the dim meadows desolate Dost thou remember Sicily? Still through the ivy flits the bee Where Amaryllis lies in state; O Singer of Persephone! Simætha calls on Hecate And hears the wild dogs at the gate; Dost thou remember Sicily? Still by the light and laughing sea Poor Polypheme bemoans his fate: O Singer of Persephone! And still in boyish rivalry Young Daphnis challenges his mate: Dost thou remember Sicily? Slim Lacon keeps a goat for thee, For thee the jocund shepherds wait, O Singer of Persephone! Dost thou remember Sicily?
Elegy is a form of literature that can be defined as a poem or song in the form of elegiac couplets, written in honor of someone deceased. It typically laments or mourns the death of the individual. In Memory of W. B. Yeats (By W. H. Auden) “With the farming of a verse Make a vineyard of the curse, Sing of human unsuccess In a rapture of distress; In the deserts of the heart Let the healing fountain start, In the prison of his days Teach the free man how to praise. ” 13
Rhymed Poetry A rhymed poetry is a work of poetry that contains rhyming vowel sounds at particular moments. Keeping time, As he knells, In a happy Runic rhyme, To the rolling of the bells– Of the bells, bells– To the tolling of the bells, Of the bells, bells– Bells, bells– To the moaning and the groaning of the bells. (“The Bells” by Edgar Allen Poe)
Ode An ode is a form of lyric poetry — expressing emotion — and it's usually addressed to someone or something, or it represents the poet's musings on that person or thing. 15
Ballad The word ballad is of French provenance. It is a type of poetry or verse which was basically used in dance songs in ancient France. “From the sunburnt plains of far off North Australia Came a fella born to ride the wide brown land Oh he grew up running wil But soon by all was styled As the country’s greatest-ever droving man” ㅡ Drover by Elton John
Imagism is a type of poetrythat describes images with simple language and great focus. It came out of the Modernist movement in poetry.
“Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind. ” —Rudyard Kipling 18