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Types of News Stories It is important to distinguish the various types of news stories because the term “news” is very broad. In categorizing news, we have to consider news value and standards of conduct.
News story n Attempts to answer all the basic questions about any particular event in the first two or three paragraphs n Who? What? When? Where? and Why? and occasionally How? ("5 W's"). n Unbiased n Multiple sources, quotes and P. O. V. ’s n Provides analysis of
Examples of News Stories
Examples of News Stories
Inverted Pyramid n top-loading the essential and most interesting elements of a story, with supporting information following in order of lesser importance. n Developed during the civil war to insure the main facts of the story would not be lost during communication by telegraph. n Lead and body
Inverted Pyramid cont.
Hard News n Hard News includes two concepts: n Seriousness: Politics, economics, crime, war, and disasters are considered serious topics, as are certain aspects of law, science, and technology. n Timeliness: Stories that cover current events—the progress of a war, the results of a vote, the breaking out of a fire, a significant public statement, the freeing of a prisoner, an economic report of note, etc.
Soft News n soft news is sometimes referred to in a derogatory fashion as infotainment and includes two concepts: The least serious subjects: Arts and entertainment, sports, lifestyles, "human interest", and celebrities. n Not timely: There is no precipitating event triggering the story, other than a reporter's curiosity. n n Timely events happen in less serious subjects—sporting matches, celebrity misadventures, movie releases, art exhibits, and so on.
Hard or Soft? n Gardening tips and hobby "news" n Warnings about natural disasters n domestic security threats n A medical story about a new treatment for breast cancer n Owen Wilson’s suicide attempt n Sports statistics and game results n Investigative reporting (muckrakers)?
Feature Story n article in a newspaper, a magazine, or a news n n n website that is not meant to report breaking news, but to take an in-depth look at a subject. Less urgent, attempts to engage reader Narrative structure (beginning, middle, end), expands on details Longer in length, includes personal perspective Entertaining, often include pictures Hard or Soft?
Examples of Features Stories
Feature story cont. n Needs a neat ending that wraps up the story (conclusion)
Editorial n Short, persuasive essay which usually contains the writer’s opinion or reaction to a timely news story or event. n Influence readers to think or act a certain way n Written to either inform, promote, praise, or entertain
Column n Personal observations by the writer about a certain subject n Includes facts and states a conclusion n Written on almost anything
Entertainment n Type of features story n Reviews: movies, music, TV shows, video games n News related to entertainment industry (i. e. Disney starts own streaming service)
Sports n Athlete profiles n Pre-season stories n Seasonal updates n Play-offs, sectionals n Awards