- Slides: 69
Types of Cells
Types of Cell The Vocabulary Parts of Cells Functions Microscope Matters a Cell $100 $200 $200 $100 $200 Potluck $300 $300 $400 $400 $500 $500
Cells without membrane bound organelles……. give BOTH the general term and the specific name
What are prokaryotes…. . bacteria
Cells with large central vacuoles, cell walls, and chloroplasts
What are plant cells?
Broad term for organisms that have cells with a membranebound organelles
What are eukaryotes?
These nonnucleated blood cells carry oxygen to areas of the body it is needed
What are red blood cells?
This type of blood cell is involved with the immune system.
What are white blood cells?
Produces the energy molecule ATP for use in cellular processes
What is cellular respiration?
Seen autotrophs, this process produces “food” for the organism
What is photosynthesis?
Term for asexual reproduction in bacteria
What is binary fission?
Occurs at the ribosome based on DNA’s instructions
What is protein synthesis?
The maintenance of an organisms internal environment such as p. H, temperature etc.
What is homeostasis?
Magnification of the eyepiece of our light microscopes
What is 10 X?
The name of the objective we always begin with to focus?
What is the scanning/low power objective?
The total magnification is 100 X, this objective was used to view a sample
What is the 10 X objective?
An oil emersion lens is used to view bacteria. The total magnification would be 1000 X thus the objective lens would be…. .
What is 100 X
This is usually performed on thinly sliced specimens, or samples, in order to be viewed through the microscope
What is staining
Whip-like aids in cell tail that movement
What is flagella?
Macromolecule found in the nucleus and contains genetic information
What is DNA?
Energy molecule formed during cellular respiration at the mitochondria
What is ATP?
Process by which bacteria exchange genetic information through their pili
What is Conjugation
Lysosome contain enzymes and is known mainly for this process
What the digestion?
packages proteins inside the cell before they are sent to their destination
What is a Golgi body/apparatus?
Area of cellular respiration
What is a mitochondrion?
On this rough ER, the studs named ______ are the organelles where ______ occurs
What are ribosomes…… protein synthesis
Site of photosynthesis
What is the chloroplast?
Area that surrounds the membrane in both plants and bacteria. Gives support and rigidity.
What are cell walls?
General term given to organisms that have cells that are membrane bound
What is eukaryotic?
Circular organelle that contains DNA, a ______, is found only in _____
What is a plasmid……. bacteria?
Organelle that maintains mostly water, sugars and waste in this cell
What is the central vacuole?
Plants have these organelles whereas animals do not (name two)
What are the: cell wall chloroplast Large Central Vacuole
BONUS: When discussing means of an organism’s nourishment, Plants are ______ whereas animals are _______
What is autotrophic and heterotrophic