- Slides: 11
Tuesday 17 th November 2020 Anglo-Saxons and Vikings LO: To write a poem about Danegeld.
After the early Viking raids, Britain enjoyed a period of relative peace, and Viking attacks stopped for some time. King Edgar, who ruled from AD 959 975, was able to concentrate on organising the Christian church and building many new churches and other religious buildings. At this time, Denmark was becoming a major power led by King Harold Bluetooth. Viking armies were very strong and well organised and the raids were more about getting money which meant that the Danes could become even more powerful. The Viking warriors were a greatly feared bunch!
One thing King Ethelred did was form good relationships with Normandy to give him extra support, and he even married the Duke of Normandy’s daughter later on. Another strategy he used was paying the Vikings to go away. This had been done before (King Alfred the Great was the first to do it many years earlier) but under Ethelred’s rule it became an official agreement. The Anglo Saxons first called it Gafol, but it was later called Danegeld by the Normans and it means ‘paying the Dane’. In AD 991 the Vikings were given 4500 kg of silver to go home, but they soon returned. Each time there was a fresh attack they were paid again. The Vikings learnt that if they kept raiding Britain they would keep getting paid. By 1012, 22 000 kg of silver was given to the Vikings in Danegeld. King Ethelred II was heavily criticised for his ineffective strategy.
Photo courtesy of nickodoherty(@flickr. com)-granted under creative commons license - attribution
It is wrong always to a temptation put temptation for ainrich the and pathlazy of any nation, It is always a temptation to an armed and agile nation To puff For fearand theylook should important succumb and to go sayastray; – To call upon a neighbour and to say: “Though So when we youknow are requested we shouldtodefeat pay upyou, or be wemolested, have not the time to meet you. “We invaded you last night – we are quite prepared to fight, We will You will therefore find it better pay policy you cash to say: to go away” Unless you pay us cash to go away. ” “We that And never. I called pay any one paying. Dane geld, the Dane geld; And that is called asking for Dane geld, But matter No we’ve proved how trifling it again the and cost;again, And the people who ask it explain Thatthe For if once end of you that have game paidis him oppression the Dane geld and shame, That you’ve only to pay ‘em the Dane geld You never And the nation get rid that of pays the Dane. it is lost!” And then you’ll get rid of the Dane! Photo courtesy of nickodoherty(@flickr. com)-granted under creative commons license - attribution
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Task One • Stick the poem into your book. • Answer the following questions in a paragraph underneath the poem: 1) What is Danegeld? 2)Why do you think King Ethelred paid the Vikings Danegeld? 3)What did Rudyard Kipling think of Danegeld? How do you know?
Task Two Today we are going to work as a class to create an acrostic poem which explains what Danegeld is! Our poem is going to tell the story of the Vikings attempting to invade England then getting paid not to by the King.