Trial Solution for VOS security issue in Japan

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Trial Solution for VOS security issue in Japan Meteorological Agency

Trial Solution for VOS security issue in Japan Meteorological Agency

Distribution of reports from Japanese VOS JAPAN

Distribution of reports from Japanese VOS JAPAN

REST Locations of pirates attacks in 2006 AFRICA SE ASIA INDIAN SUB CONTINENT FAR EAST

REST Locations of pirates attacks in 2006 AFRICA SE ASIA INDIAN SUB CONTINENT FAR EAST REST AMERICA ASIA JAPAN Victims of pirates attacks in 2006 EUROPE SW PACIFIC

In March 2005, a Japanese ship was attacked and the crews were kidnapped at

In March 2005, a Japanese ship was attacked and the crews were kidnapped at the Malacca Strait. 19 incidents happened in 2005 22 incidents in 2006

Suspension of weather reports from Japanese VOS on 16 September 2005

Suspension of weather reports from Japanese VOS on 16 September 2005

Tentative measure (SHIP) in Japan since September 2005 “Callsign masking” ships JMA BBXX SHIP

Tentative measure (SHIP) in Japan since September 2005 “Callsign masking” ships JMA BBXX SHIP 41/97 70103 57018 70222 1//03 20100 70016= 26034 10283 83963 32414 99070 20230 22263 40702 11623 40079 00294 50702 Reports with dummy callsign Reports with callsign Non-“callsign masking” ships Data exchange in the network of WMO BBXX JGQH 41/97 70103 57018 70222 1//03 20100 70016= 26034 10283 83963 32414 99070 20230 22263 40702 11623 40079 00294 50702

WMO/EC 58 Res. 7 (June 2006) “SHIP” or “MASK” Japan Ship Owners Maritime Bureau

WMO/EC 58 Res. 7 (June 2006) “SHIP” or “MASK” Japan Ship Owners Maritime Bureau Tracing and identifying country names of “MASK” ships are easier than “SHIP” ships. Japan Meteorological Agency Solution Japan Coast Guard

“Improved SHIP” scheme BBXX SHIP 41/97 70103 57018 70222 1//03 20100 70016= JMA “Callsign masking”

“Improved SHIP” scheme BBXX SHIP 41/97 70103 57018 70222 1//03 20100 70016= JMA “Callsign masking” ships 26034 10283 83963 32414 99070 20230 22263 40702 11623 40079 00294 50702 Callsign Replacing Reports with callsign Yamaguchi LES Reports with dummy callsign Reports with callsign Non-Replacing Non-“callsign masking” ships Original weather reports with callsign Data exchange in the network of WMO BBXX JGQH 41/97 70103 57018 70222 1//03 20100 70016= 26034 10283 83963 32414 99070 20230 22263 40702 Ø More accurate weather forecast Registered NMHSs (Secured data exchange in real time) Ø Contributions to safety navigation Ø More precise climate information 11623 40079 00294 50702

Registration for masking (As of April 6, 2007) 706 ships registered 662 ships masking

Registration for masking (As of April 6, 2007) 706 ships registered 662 ships masking Including: 3 ships of UK-VOF 8 ships of US-VOF 44 ships non-masking JMA accepts masking requests from foreign countries.

Secured data exchange … SMVX 41 RJTD 290000 BBXX JGQH 29000 99498 11630 41598

Secured data exchange … SMVX 41 RJTD 290000 BBXX JGQH 29000 99498 11630 41598 73610 10004 20001 40185 52031 70322 874// 22255 00012 20404 331// 40604 5//// 80003= SHIP 29000 99514 11546 41/97 73107 18069 40279 51023 70327 22272 00001 2//// 333// 40503 5////= JDWX 29000 99466 11522 43/98 63407 11010 40281 52015 22212 00040 20304= JCCX 29000 99466 11522 43/98 63407 11010 40281 52015 22212 00040 20304= (Encrypting) Usually within 1 minutes, sometime within 2 minute 10 minutes … Accumulating messages into files every 10 minutes Original data server  Security #1 10 minutes  Delay Registered NMHSs - Real time monitoring … -Climate analyses Security #2 (Authentication) X Third Parties

<Requirement 1> Real time quality monitoring JMA provides original data in real time (about

<Requirement 1> Real time quality monitoring JMA provides original data in real time (about 10 minutes delay from GTS). =Enough for real time monitoring. JMA is one of RSMC.

<Requirement 2> Collect non-masked data and provide them to monitoring centres. JMA collects and

<Requirement 2> Collect non-masked data and provide them to monitoring centres. JMA collects and puts original data in its data server. Authorized organizations can get original data in real time through the data server.

<Requirement 3> Minimize the impact on centres receiving non-masked data. JMA exchanged technical information

<Requirement 3> Minimize the impact on centres receiving non-masked data. JMA exchanged technical information (Data format, Encryption, filename etc. ) with RSMC Exeter to minimize the impact. => - Format, file name follow to the Manual on GTS. - Encryption will be done when the encryption strategy is to be fixed. (Ship owners agreed. ) =>Users can easily get and use non-masked data.

Improved SHIP scheme One solution for duplication problem (masked data) (original data) … …

Improved SHIP scheme One solution for duplication problem (masked data) (original data) … … SMVX 41 RJTD 290000 BBXX SHIP 29000 99498 11630 41598 73610 10004 20001 40185 52031 70322 874// 22255 00012 20404 331// 40604 5//// 80003= SHIP 29000 99514 11546 41/97 73107 18069 40279 51023 70327 22272 00001 2//// 333// 40503 5////= SHIP 29000 99466 11522 43/98 63407 11010 40281 52015 22212 00040 20304= GTS SMVX 91 RJTD 290000 BBXX JGQH 29000 99498 11630 41598 73610 10004 20001 40185 52031 70322 874// 22255 00012 20404 331// 40604 5//// 80003= SHIP 29000 99514 11546 41/97 73107 18069 40279 51023 70327 22272 00001 2//// 333// 40503 5////= JDWX 29000 99466 11522 43/98 63407 11010 40281 52015 22212 00040 20304= JCCX 29000 99466 11522 43/98 63407 11010 40281 52015 22212 00040 20304= Registered NMHSs

Application for Access to JMA Ship Data Server Under the following terms and conditions,

Application for Access to JMA Ship Data Server Under the following terms and conditions, my organization will access weather reports from ships including Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) call signs to be provided via the Ship Data Server (the “Server”) operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) for the purpose of real-time monitoring and climate analysis, in accordance with the Resolution 7 of WMO/EC -LVIII. 1. Costs JMA provides weather reports including VOS call signs and position data, free of charge, via the Server, while registered user will cover the whole costs required to access the reports, including those for user’s computer system and communications. 2. Restriction Registered users shall not provide or expose to any third parties the data obtained via the Server and the IDs/passwords for the access to the Server. JMA may revoke the IDs in case the above is not secured. 3. Disclaimer JMA dose not warrant accuracy and quality of data provided through the Server. JMA assumes no liability or responsibility for any problems resulting from the use of the Server. 4. Alteration of the service JMA may terminate the Server with prior notification. JMA may change the contents of the data-providing service via the Server with prior notification. I designated the following staff member of my organization as a contact point on this matter. First Name Surname Affiliation(Title, Division and Department etc. ) E-mail Address Name of the organization: Name of the Director: (Please type) Date of application: (Signature) Access to the Original Data Server

SUMMARY In accordance with Res. 7 of EC 58, Japan adopts “Improved SHIP” scheme

SUMMARY In accordance with Res. 7 of EC 58, Japan adopts “Improved SHIP” scheme after consultation with ship owners and relevant bodies in Japan. In accordance with Res. 7 of EC 58, Japan provides secure exchanges of the original data through a secured web server in real time. When the U. S. starts SHIP masking on the weather reports, “Improved SHIP “ can cover globally.

Who owes the security risks? Users (NMSs)? Reporters (VOS)? We should resolve their concerns

Who owes the security risks? Users (NMSs)? Reporters (VOS)? We should resolve their concerns as much as possible. Improved SHIP scheme is for the ships which want “SHIP” masking, ships in high risk areas.