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主題句Topic Sentence 1. 主題句須是完整句子 (sentence) 而非片段 (fragment)。 ex: Learning English v. s. Learning English is interesting to me. n 2 主題句必須語意清楚 (clear) 且不模糊 (vague)。 ex: (X) To dance well, you need to know something about dancing. (O) To dance well, you need a good sense of rhythm. n 3 主題句語意不可過於廣泛(too general)。 ex : (X) Computers have great influences on our daily lives. (O) We can easily communicate with our friends through e-mail. n 4 主題句必須是可討論的(discussible)。 ex : (X) Chinese New Year’s Day falls on the first day on the lunar calendar. n
Brainstorm Topic(主題): The Importance of My Cell Phone(手機的重要 性)
Write a Rough Outline Topic(主題): The Importance of My Cell Phone(手機的重 要性) 主題句: Because my cell phone can do so many useful things, it is more than just a phone to me. 支持句: ① My cell phone serves various functions to me. ② My cell phone is a good friend, and it keeps me company. ③ My cell phone provides easy access to the world and broadens my horizons.
5 W 1 H示範 Topic(主題): The Importance of My Cell Phone(手機的重要 性 ) 主題句 Cell phones can do so many useful things. 5 W 1 H What can the cell phone do? Why is the cell phone important? Who needs it? How do cell phones change the world? When… Where…
結論句 Concluding Sentence 重述主題：用不同的文字重述主題句， 或是修改句中的字詞 n ex : Women in Taiwan do a lot of things to have fair skin. For example, on sunny days, most of them use sunscreen and even carry parasols. The reason is very clear: they do not want to get tanned. Another thing they do is to take vitamin C regularly, which is supposed to lighten skin color. Some women also use skinlightening products to make their faces fair. A few women even take the risk of having their skin bleached by a doctor, which is very dangerous for people with sensitive skin. Women in Taiwan do try hard to lighten their skin.
結論句 Concluding Sentence n 下結論、預估未來或提出呼籲。 ex : The world population is growing very fast and this is a problem we have to deal with immediately. Now the world has a population of 6. 5 billion. Even though there are enough resources for people at this moment, the number 6. 5 billion tells us that it is time we begin to think seriously about how we should deal with the problem of overpopulation. With so many people on earth, we have to learn how to share resources better than before. We should also think of ways to produce more food on limited land that we have now. At the same time, we should put more effort into educating people about family planning as well. In other words, all the countries should get together and work on this problem before it is too late.
學生作品：The Importance of My Cell Phone(手機的重要 性)
改寫摘要: 學生作品 n As technology has developed, the lifestyle of the Tao has changed to some degree. The plank boats that they used to sail are now being replaced with engine-powered rafts. The development of the local tourist industry is also presenting a threat to the local environment, not to mention the thousands of tons of nuclear waste stored on this island. Nevertheless, many of the Tao people …. . (略) With the development of technology, the lifestyle of the Tao people has changed. Now, many Tao people are trying their best to protect their environment and their culture.
引導式寫作練習Introductory Writing Q 1: Are you a user of online social networks such as Facebook and Plurk? A 1: Yes, I am a user of Facebook. Q 2: Why did you (not) become a user of these online social networks? A 2: I became a Facebook user because I wanted to stay in touch with my friends.
學生作品 I have a Facebook account and I am a loyal Facebook user. I use it because I want to stay in contact with my friends. Watching their updates and the photos they upload is now a part of my daily routine. I think Facebook brings us closer, and my friends hold the same opinion. In our point of view, Facebook allows us to share information and to care about each other more easily. To us, the convenient website is like the bridge which connects all of us.
Course Syllabus 課綱摘要 YOU WANT TO WRITE SOMETHING? YOU GOT TO READ SOMETHING. 你想寫些什麼? 你就得先閱讀些什麼! Reading 閱讀 1. Learn to read simple texts with understanding. 學會閱讀簡單內容的短文 (「安妮的日記」容易閱讀，且安妮擅長描述) 2. Learn English vocabulary from “Anne Frank” story, movie, and a bilingual dictionary 從「安妮日記」一書、電影、 雙語英英漢字典, 強化單字學習 3. Respond to basic informational questions about the readings 回答從閱讀當中獲得的基本訊息理解問題 4. Write and use vocabulary learned with understanding. 使用閱讀學到的單字應用在短文寫作
Writing 寫作 1. Learn what a thesis sentence is and to learn the importance of strong topic sentences. 學習寫出一篇文章的論點句和主題句 2. Learn to write an outline: introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. 學習編寫寫作框架: 導引、主內容、 結論 3. Write clear sentences 寫出清楚的句子 4. Write more complex and grammatically correct sentences 寫出更複雜和文法正確的句子 5. Use chronological and spatial organizations 使用時間、空間組織文章 6. Practice fluency by weekly journal writing. 藉由每週札記練習文比流暢度 7. Learn the techniques of peer-feedback, quick-writing, revision group work, and so forth 學習同儕回饋、速寫、分組修正
Observation from the project---EE Class 社群觀察結果 ---雙 班高一 I. Teacher’s guidance of forming an. Eessay is 1 essential. 老師引導學生步驟性的完成一篇文章是必要的 weekly Journal forming an outline a three paragraph essay (週記) (編寫文章架構) (完成一篇3段文章, 開頭 主文 結 論) II. Two types of general phenomena students made in their writing 兩種學生寫作的普遍現象 A. High achievement students 較高成就學生 Keep on working on better writing skills (standard English) 持續努力寫作技巧 (標準英文) B. Low-achievement students 較低成就學生 have to work on vocabulary and basic grammar first. 須多努力自身的單字量和基本文法
III. Obstacles students might encounter in their writing 學生寫作上遇到的障礙 A. Common grammatical errors 學生常犯的基本錯誤 例句取自學生寫作原稿, 未經修改 1. 中式英文 (語句架構、時態) Anne’s father say work hard is important can let they live. (安妮的爸爸說努力 作很重要讓他們可以生存 提示 (…. for 人to V) (keep ~ alive) 2. 不擅運用形容詞、副詞於句子導致過度運用”and” In the beginning, Anne worked in the concentration camp, and she is happy. (一開始安妮開心的在集中營 作) 提示 (worked happily)
B. 加強寫出更複雜和文法正確的句子 未能善用關係代名詞 、關係副詞 、分詞購句於文章中 The man worked in the factory. And the man suspected some Jewish hide somewhere around the factory. (這個在 廠的 作人懷疑有猶太人藏在 廠附近) 提示 (The man who …. . 或 The man working) C. 結論 Conclusion－ There is no short cut. 沒有捷徑 The more you read, the better you write. The better you write, the higher score you get.