- Slides: 11
Today’s Topic: Narration/Speech (Part 2) For Class: 8 & 9 -10 Welcome to My Multimedia Class
Anwar Hossain Assistant teacher in English 34 th BCS non-cadre Jaintapur Govt. High School, Jaintapur, Sylhet. Email: hossainanwar [email protected] com
Learning outcomes After studying the lesson, the students will be able to; Ø tell about the way of narrating style ØConvert direct narration to indirect Øable to apply this style in creative writings.
Assertive sentence Direct: Monia said, “I am reading a newspaper. ” Indirect: Monia said that she was reading a newspaper. D: Rumana said, “My father would go home tomorrow. ” In: Rumana said that her father would go home the following day
Interrogative sentence There are two ways of asking or making question; one is using auxiliary verbs (am, is , are, was, were, does, did, have, has, had, can, may. . . ) and the other is using WH questions(who, which, what, how, where, why…) For auxiliary verb structure: Subject + asked/enquired of+ object (if any) + If/whether+ Subject of reported speech + verb+ extension. D: Imran said to his son, “Do you like poetry? ” In: Imran asked his son if he(S) liked poetry. D: Runa said to Sumi, “Will you meet me tomorrow? ” In: Runa asked Sumi if she(S) would meet her the next day.
For WH structure: Subject + asked/enquired of+ object (if any)+ WH questions+ Subject of reported speech + verb+ extension. D: He said to me, “Where do you live? ” In: He asked me where I lived. D: He said to his father, “What are you doing now? ” In: He asked his father what he (F) was doing then.
Imperative sentence Structure: Subject + ordered/requested/advised+ object (if any)+ ( not) to+ Base form of verb of reported speech + extension. D: The teacher said to the students, “Always speak the truth” In: The teacher advised the students to speak the truth always. D: The teacher said to the students, “Don’t make noise in the class” In: The teacher ordered the students not to make noise in the class.
Use of let: Subject + propose/proposed to+ object (if any)+ that+ they/ we+ should+ Base form of verb of reported speech + extension. ( If subject is third person in reporting verb then We and if subject is first person then They) D: He said to me, “ Let us go out for a walk” In: He proposed to me that we should go out for a walk. Or we said to the chairman, “Let us drop the matter” We proposed/suggested the chairman dropping the matter.
Optative sentence Subject + wished/prayed/+ that ++ Subject of reported speech + may/might+ from base form of verb to the last. D: Father said to me, “ May you pass in the exam. ” In: Father prayed that I might pass in the exam. D: The teacher said to the students, “May Allah bless you” In: The teacher wished that Allah might bless the students. a
Exclamatory sentence Structure: Subject + exclaim/exclaimed with joy/sorrow +that + Subject of reported speech + verb according to reporting verb + very/great+ adjective+ extension. D: The students said, “Hurrah! We have won the match. ” In: The students exclaimed with joy that they had won the match. D: The man said, “What a terrible scene it is!” In: The man exclaimed with sorrow that it was a very terrible scene.
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