- Slides: 12
Today’s objective : �Take over the �No that’s not it. �Irregular world ! Verbs 6. 19 Ai �What makes them irregular? �What is a regular verb? �I don’t know!
Verbs �A verb shows action or state of being. (If you DO it, it’s a VERB!) �An action verb expresses action. The cat looked down the alley. The ballerinas danced across the stage. �A state-of-being verb shows that someone or something is. It does NOT show action. Kisha and Rachel are swimmers. Cody is a quiet child.
A verb has 4 main forms: � Present (write at least ONE in your notes) walk play fix The present form is listed in the dictionary. It’s what comes to mind when we think of a verb. � Past (write at least ONE in your notes) walked played fixed � Present Participle (write at least ONE in your notes) (is) walking (are) playing (am) fixing � Past Participle (write at least ONE in your notes) (have) walked (have) played (had) fixed Present participle and past participle are combined with helping verbs to create a verb phrase.
Irregular Verbs �Most verbs are regular. Their past/past participle forms follow a predictable pattern. �The past and past participle of a regular verb are formed by adding -ed or -d to the present form. serve=served type=typed look=looked hug=hugged (sometimes, another consonant) �Irregular verbs’ past and past participle forms do not follow a predictable pattern. fight=fought say= said swing=swung
There are so many irregular verbs! This is only a few of them. If you are ever in doubt about the correct form of a verb, check the dictionary!
Grouping irregular verbs � We can sometimes figure out the form of irregular verbs by grouping them by morphology (or structure). � Different-Same Find-found build-built � All totally different words eat-ate-eaten do-did-done � All the same vowel sound sing-sang-sung � All same hit-hit pay-paid write-wrote-written ring-rang-rung sink-sank-sunk cost-cost read-read
Debrief �So, why is it called Irregular ? �Can you name some Irregular Verbs ? �How does that effect how we write? �Do you get it ?
Irregular Verbs Stations Make a foldable: 1. Fold a piece of paper hot-dog style. 2. Fold it again, hot-dog style. You should have four columns. 3. Put your name, date and class period at the very top. 4. At the top of each column, write Present, Past, Present Participe, Past Participle. 5. Number 1 -10 down the side.
Present Tense Unscramble to find the present tense. Write the word in the first column. 1. OG = go 2. ETA 3. OKWN 4. ISMW 5. EFZREE 6. INBGR 7. EABRK 8. GIBNE 9. VGEI 10. OD
Past Tense Write the past tense in the 2 nd column. 1. go = went 2. eat 3. know 4. swim 5. freeze 6. bring 7. break 8. begin 9. give 10. do
Present Participle Tense Write the present participle tense in the 3 rd column. 1. go = am going 2. eat 3. know 4. swim 5. freeze 6. bring 7. break 8. begin 9. give 10. do
Past Participle Tense Write the past participle tense in the 4 th column. 1. go = have gone 2. eat 3. know 4. swim 5. freeze 6. bring 7. break 8. begin 9. give 10. do