TITHING Is Tithing Applicable Today The What Why

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TITHING Is Tithing Applicable. Today? The What, Why, Who, When, and Where about Tithing:

TITHING Is Tithing Applicable. Today? The What, Why, Who, When, and Where about Tithing: The A-B-C’s from A to Z (Abraham to Zadok) Copyright © Sept 24, 2010 Revised Jan 27, 2018 Version 2. 1 All Rights Reserved. by Mike Bacon. Permission to distribute this material is granted with the provision that the entire document is transmitted as is in its entirety and distributed free of any cost. 1

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? Q & A at end of presentation No need

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? Q & A at end of presentation No need to take detailed notes: This PP available for FREE Appendices attached for PP recipients for subjects not covered in this presentation. 2

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are they Correct? 1. Malachi 3: 8 -10

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are they Correct? 1. Malachi 3: 8 -10 9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation. 2. Deut. 28: 45 Moreover all these curses shall come upon you, and shall pursue you, and overtake you, till you be destroyed; because you hearkened not unto the voice of YHVH thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded you: 3. Lev 27: 32 And concerning the tithe…the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD …it is holy unto the LORD. 3

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are They Correct? 4. “Principle of Tithing” /

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are They Correct? 4. “Principle of Tithing” / Sowing a Seed A Christian should tithe because of the principle of giving and being blessed. 5. Matt 23: 23 “But did Jesus Himself clearly indicate that tithing was still to be done? Yes! He did. Notice His Words: ‘Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these you ought to have done, and not to leave the other undone. ’ “Here Jesus shows that He expects those who practice love, justice, mercy and faith also to practice tithing! Any honest teacher of grammar—if it were any other topic—would agree that Christ is telling us not to leave tithing out! We must not leave tithing “undone”! “How Clear! “For the entire Bible shows us that if we honor God with our possessions, “So your barns will be filled with plenty, and your vats will overflow 4

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are They Correct? 6. Tithing brings a blessing.

Introduction 8 Rationals for Tithing Today. Are They Correct? 6. Tithing brings a blessing. A Christian should tithe because of the principle of giving and being blessed. 7. Tithing was Before the Law at Mt Sinai. By this same reasoning all the Ten Commandments, clean and unclean meats, the 5 major sacrifices, etc are stated prior to the giving of the Law to Israel at Mt. Sinai. 8. Agriculture Produce was the Currency of the Day. Should one therefore tithe on their monetary income? Are these Rationals valid? Let us find out… 5

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? “Get the facts first… then you may distort them

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? “Get the facts first… then you may distort them as you please. ” —Mark Twain 6

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 7

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 7

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 1. Content What does

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 1. Content What does the Scripture really state? Eisegesis v. Exegesis Esigesis – to lead into: (e. g. Personal Ideas and Traditions of Men: both Christian and Jewish of which we are captured and hopefully seeking to discard). Exegesis – to lead out of : Objective Analysis 8

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 1. Content What does

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? CRITICAL THINKING: The 3 C’s 1. Content What does the Scripture really state? 2. Context What do the surrounding verses state? 3. Compare What do other subject verses state? 9

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 10

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 1 Thes 5: 21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. 11

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 1 Thes 5: 21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Tim 2: 15 …rightly dividing the word of truth. 12

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 1 Thes 5: 21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Tim 2: 15 …rightly dividing the word of truth. Matt 4: 4 … Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God. (i. e. the Bible) (NOTE: Many believers state the above. This does not state what God lays upon my heart. ) 13

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in

Introduction Acts 17: 11 These [Bereans] were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. 1 Thes 5: 21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Tim 2: 15 …rightly dividing the word of truth. Matt 4: 4 … Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God. Rom 1: 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men. (including traditions of men? ) in unrighteousness they suppress the truth. 14

Introduction Deut. 4: 2 "You shall not add to the word which I command

Introduction Deut. 4: 2 "You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take away from it, that you keep the commandments of the Lord your God. . . Deut 12: 32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it. 15

Introduction Deut. 4: 2 "You shall not add to the word which I command

Introduction Deut. 4: 2 "You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take away from it, that you keep the commandments of the Lord your God. . . Deut 12: 32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it. Matt 5: 17 -18 Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 “For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. ” 16

Introduction Looking for Truth? < < Proverbs 18: 13 He that answers a matter

Introduction Looking for Truth? < < Proverbs 18: 13 He that answers a matter before he hears it, it is a folly and shame unto him. “There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof against all argument, and which cannot fail to keep man in everlasting ignorance. That principle is condemnation before investigation. ”–Edmund Spencer (poet, 522– 1599). “The greatest obstacle to discovering the truth is being convinced that you already know it. " – Ashleigh Brilliant (Pot-Shots cartoonist, 1933+). “Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth. ” –Albert Einstein (physicist, 1879– 1955) 17

Introduction QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT 1. Can men keep the women’s health laws? 2.

Introduction QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT 1. Can men keep the women’s health laws? 2. Were women given OT priestly duties? 3. Can women be circumcised? 18

Introduction QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT 1. Can men keep the women’s health laws? 2.

Introduction QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT 1. Can men keep the women’s health laws? 2. Were women given OT priestly duties? 3. Can women be circumcised? Not a matter of being “done away”. A Matter of APPLICABILITY. Is Tithing Applicable Today? Let’s find out! 19

Tithing ROADMAP of our INVESTIGATION I. The 5 W’s of Tithing in the Old

Tithing ROADMAP of our INVESTIGATION I. The 5 W’s of Tithing in the Old Testament II. Malachi III. Jacob’s Vow IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 V. Usury VI. Tithing in the New Covenant / Testament VII. What is Required of Us Today? APPENDICES A. Bible verses on tithing. F. Tithing in the Early U. S B. Bible verses on Melchizedek G. Joseph and the Exodus C. Which Churches Tithe today H. How King David handled tithes D. Do the Jews Tithe Today? I. Tithing Teachings &Traditions E. I Cor 16: 2, 12: 14 & Luke 18: 11 -12 J. Selected Resources 20

Tithing ROADMAP of our INVESTIGATION I. The 5 W’s of Tithing in the Old

Tithing ROADMAP of our INVESTIGATION I. The 5 W’s of Tithing in the Old Testament II. Malachi III. Jacob’s Vow IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 V. Usury VI. Tithing in the New Covenant / Testament VII. What is Required of Us Today? 21

I. 5 W’s—WHAT What is man’s definition of tithing? “tithe” “tithe is the tenth

I. 5 W’s—WHAT What is man’s definition of tithing? “tithe” “tithe is the tenth part of agricultural produce or personal income set a part as an offering to God or for works of mercy or the same amount regarded as an obligation or tax for the support of the, church, priesthood. ” – Leader of a Messianic Jewish Congregation: Sermon 12/23/17 22

5 W’s—WHAT What is man’s definition of tithing? “tithe” “tithe is the tenth part

5 W’s—WHAT What is man’s definition of tithing? “tithe” “tithe is the tenth part of agricultural produce or personal income set a part as an offering to God or for works of mercy or the same amount regarded as an obligation or tax for the support of the, church, priesthood. ” – Leader of a Messianic Jewish Congregation, Sermon 12/23/17 Matt 4: 4 … Man shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God. (i. e the Bible) or is it tra-di-tion ? Mark 7: 8 For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men Why did this leader not reveal the Scriptural Definition of Tithing? 23

5 W’s—WHAT is the Scriptural Definition of Tithing? Deut. 14: 22 Thou shall truly

5 W’s—WHAT is the Scriptural Definition of Tithing? Deut. 14: 22 Thou shall truly tithe (H 6237, asar =tithe) all the increase of thy seed, that the field brings forth year by year. But what does this mean? 24

5 W’s—WHAT: THE Definition Lev. 27: 30 -32 And all the (1) tithe (H

5 W’s—WHAT: THE Definition Lev. 27: 30 -32 And all the (1) tithe (H 4643) of the (2) land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is (3) YHVHs (the LORD’s). It is (4) holy to the LORD. 31 If a man redeems any of his tithe, he must add a (5) fifth of the value to it. 32 (6) And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passes under the rod, the (7) tenth shall be holy to the LORD. NOTE What the Verses state: 1. Tithe Definition = H 4643, masser = a tenth part (it is not an offering) 2. Land (seed, fruits, anything that grows on (of) the land created by YHVH. (It is not personal income) 3. It is YHVH’s 4. Holy to YHVH 5. Penalty provisions 6. Herd (cattle), flock (sheep, goats) = Animals 25 7. Animals–the tenth animal–not the first!

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It Does NOT Say…. . Does it anywhere say “the

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It Does NOT Say…. . Does it anywhere say “the first tenth”? Does it anywhere say “the best”? Does it anywhere state this is “a principle”? Does it say anything about gross annual income? Does it say anything about net annual income after all Federal, State, and Local Taxes have been paid? 26

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It Does NOT Say…. . Does it anywhere say “the

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It Does NOT Say…. . Does it anywhere say “the first tenth”? Does it anywhere say “the best”? Does it anywhere state this is “a principle”? Does it say anything about gross annual income? Does it say anything about net annual income after all Federal, State, and Local Taxes have been paid? NO to All of the above 27

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It does not say…. . Does it anywhere say anything

5 W’s—WHAT NOTE What It does not say…. . Does it anywhere say anything that sowing a “seed” is money? NO 28

5 W’s—WHAT Notice Two WARNINGS Deut. 4: 2 You shall not add to the

5 W’s—WHAT Notice Two WARNINGS Deut. 4: 2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take away from it, that you keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you. Deut 12: 32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it. Have we added to the Word, today? (By adding non-agricultural increases? ) 29

5 W’s—WHAT Note What it does not say…. . Does it anywhere say a

5 W’s—WHAT Note What it does not say…. . Does it anywhere say a tithe is “of the hand” ? i. e. of one’s labor (H 5647) or work (H 4399)—anything made by man? Ex. 20: 9 Six days shall you labor (H 5647) and do all your work (H 4399). Biblical / ancient society included bakers, brick makers candle makers, carpenters, clothing makers, hired farm workers, hired herdsmen, hired household servants, jewelry and other craftsmen, masons, metal workers, musicians, painters, perfume makers, physicians, retailers, sculptors, soldiers, stone cutters, tanners, teachers, tent makers, etc. Did God mention these items/trades/people? Did He forget to mention them? 30

5 W’s—WHAT A number of Torah verses use the term “shekel”. The term is

5 W’s—WHAT A number of Torah verses use the term “shekel”. The term is also used a number of times beginning in Leviticus 27. A shekel is a coin or a unit of measure. People were dealing in precious metals before and at the time of Moses. Coins and money are not mentioned in Lev 27 in conjunction with tithing. 31

5 W’s—WHAT REMEMBER Tithing is of “of the land” (what God creates) Lev. 27:

5 W’s—WHAT REMEMBER Tithing is of “of the land” (what God creates) Lev. 27: 30 -32 And all the (1) tithe of the (2) land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree —NOT of the “hand” or “one’s labor” (what man creates) 32

5 W’s—WHAT 2 -3 TITHES REQUIRED! What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you!

5 W’s—WHAT 2 -3 TITHES REQUIRED! What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! 1 st Tithe—Lev. 27: 30 -32 (“Rent”) 2 nd Tithe—Deut. 14: 23 (Festival) 3 rd Tithe (? Debated whether it was the 2 nd tithe given every 3 rd year)—(Social Welfare for Levites, orphans, widows, strangers). Offerings—(Deut 16: 10, 16) Note offerings are not tithes. TOTAL = Anciently – About 30 -40% of one’s annual income. National, State, & Local U. S. Taxe$ –about 40%? 33

5 W’s—WHAT What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! 2 nd Tithe—Deut. 14:

5 W’s—WHAT What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! 2 nd Tithe—Deut. 14: 23 (Festival) Deut. 14: 24 -25 And if the way is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry it; or, if the place is too far from you, which the YHVH your God shall choose to set his name there, when the YHVH your God has blessed you, 25 Then shall you turn it into money, and bind up the money in your hand, and shall go to the place which the YHVH your God shall choose 34

5 W’s—WHAT What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Levites also paid Tithes:

5 W’s—WHAT What Most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Levites also paid Tithes: Neh. 10: 38 To whom are the ministers that preach tithing— tithing their tenth? Themselves…if at all? 35

5 W’s—WHEN Deut 14: 22 Thou shall truly tithe all the increase of thy

5 W’s—WHEN Deut 14: 22 Thou shall truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field brings forth year by year. 36

5 W’s—WHY TITHE? WHY? - Because it is YHVH’S Lev. 27: 30 -32 And

5 W’s—WHY TITHE? WHY? - Because it is YHVH’S Lev. 27: 30 -32 And all the (1) tithe of the (2) land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is (3) YHVHs (the LORD’s). It is (4) holy to YHVH (the LORD) (i. e. Israel’s annual “rent” in payment to God for He owns the land. ) 37

5 W’s—WHY “It is the Lord’s, ” and “Holy to the Lord, ” “Holy”

5 W’s—WHY “It is the Lord’s, ” and “Holy to the Lord, ” “Holy” things to God in Leviticus include: Festivals and holy days (23 -11 times) God’s name (20: 3) Sanctuary (4: 6), Priests (21: 6), Crown of the high priest (8: 9), Tithe (27: 30, 32). God and his people (11: 4; 19: 2), Linen garments of the high priest (16: 4), 4 th year’s fruit of a new tree (19: 24), “Most Holy” things to God in Leviticus include: Priest’s portion of the grain and sin offerings (Lev. 2: 3; 6: 17), Trespass offering (7: 1), Inner room of the sanctuary (16: 2), Persons under a ban to be punished by death (27: 28 -29)— things which are even more holy than the tithe. 38

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of their sins. QUESTIONS Can exile be considered a curse, perhaps a condition of weeping and gnashing of teeth, due to their punishment? 39

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of their sins. QUESTIONS Can exile be considered a curse, perhaps a condition of weeping and gnashing of teeth, due to their punishment? What are all of us to learn from this? 40

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of their sins. QUESTIONS Can exile be considered a curse, perhaps a condition of weeping and gnashing of teeth, due to their punishment? What are all of us to learn from this? Is exile under Gentile rulers a “nice” place to be rather than God’s theocratic government in the Promised Land? 41

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of their sins. QUESTIONS Can exile be considered a curse, perhaps a condition of weeping and gnashing of teeth, due to their punishment? What are all of us to learn from this? Is exile under Gentile rulers a “nice” place to be rather than God’s theocratic government in the Promised Land? Can they return to HIM by establishing traditions or mandate new doctrines i(e. g. tithing on non-agriculture) in His place which contradict His Word? 42

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of

5 W’s—WHY Both Israel and Judah were exiled from the Promised Land because of their sins. QUESTIONS Can exile be considered a curse, perhaps a condition of weeping and gnashing of teeth, due to their punishment? What are all of us to learn from this? Is exile under Gentile rulers a “nice” place to be rather than God’s theocratic government in the Promised Land? Can they return to HIM by establishing traditions or mandate new doctrines i(e. g. tithing on non-agriculture) in His place which contradict His Word? The Pope claims he can do this. Why can’t others as well? 43

5 W’s—WHO TITHES Num 18: 20 -21 And YHVH spoke unto Aaron, you shall

5 W’s—WHO TITHES Num 18: 20 -21 And YHVH spoke unto Aaron, you shall have no inheritance in their land, 21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle. 44

5 W’s—WHO “PRINCIPLE of Tithing”……. . IS INHERITANCE Num 18: 20 -21 And YHVH

5 W’s—WHO “PRINCIPLE of Tithing”……. . IS INHERITANCE Num 18: 20 -21 And YHVH spoke unto Aaron, you shall have no inheritance in their land, 21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle. (i. e. Tithe given in exchange for land inheritance). 45

5 W’s—WHO “PRINCIPLE of Tithing”……. . IS INHERITANCE Num 35: 2 -3 Command the

5 W’s—WHO “PRINCIPLE of Tithing”……. . IS INHERITANCE Num 35: 2 -3 Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them. And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts (i. e. from the tithe of the flocks they received). 46

5 W’s—WHO PRINCIPLE is INHERITANCE Where did the Levites permanently live and serve? 48

5 W’s—WHO PRINCIPLE is INHERITANCE Where did the Levites permanently live and serve? 48 cities (Num 35). Was Jerusalem one of these cities? NO. What did 11 Tribes of Israel receive as their inheritance? The LAND of Israel ! 47

5 W’s—WHY TITHE? A Tithe Keeping RATIONAL We are robbing God! (Mal 3: 8)

5 W’s—WHY TITHE? A Tithe Keeping RATIONAL We are robbing God! (Mal 3: 8) It’s Holy! Lev. 27: 30 -32 And all the (1) tithe of the (2) land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is (3) YHVHs (the LORD’s). It is (4) holy to YHVH (the LORD) (Israel’s annual “rent”. ) It belongs to God! My Response: OK…what about…. 48

II. Malachi – The WHOLE Book! What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you!

II. Malachi – The WHOLE Book! What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Mal. 3: 7 Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, says YHVH of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return? Mal. 3: 8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings. Mal. 3: 9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation. Mal. 3: 10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, says YHVH of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it 49

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! CONTEXT What is the context: who is YHVH speaking to? 1: 1 -5 Introduction: All Israel to hear this message. . . about who…? ? ? 1: 6 -14 General Complaint against the priests 2: 1 - 4: 6 Specifics against the priests. Who does the word “you” refer to after 1: 6? The priests? What were the priests accused of? Lack of Honor towards God, wrongful sacrifices + more (1: 6 -8); Corrupting the covenant (2: 8) Theft (3: 8 -10) 50

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! The Book of Malachi is referring to the corrupt priests of the day and their robbing of YHVH— not the people. Let’s take a closer look… 51

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! Who was cursed 4 times before Mal 3: 9? The priests: 1: 14; 2: 2 (3 times) Who was this message / the commandment addressed to? 2: 1 How strong was the language YHVH used? 2: 3 !!!!!!! Who was a specific covenant made with? The covenant of Levi: 2: 4, 5, 8, 10. What does “Malachi” mean? My Messenger Who were God’s messengers? The Levites! 52

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! Who has committed the sins? Only the priests? Only Judah? Does it say “you Judah”? 3: 10 -11 Are the priests responsible for the spiritual welfare of the people? 2: 8 -9 Who is being purified? Sons of Levi. 3: 3 53

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! LOCATION Where did priests serve? Jerusalem (I Chron. 27) Where did the Levites permanently live and serve? 48 cities (Num 35, etc). But not Jerusalem! Neh 10: 37: “and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage. ” Where did the Levites use the tithe? The homes and fields (Num 35: 2 -3) Where did the Aaronic priesthood live? 13 of the 48 cities (Josh 21: 9 -19) 54

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When!

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When! TITHE of the TITHE What is the tithe priests were given? The Tithe of the Tithe Levites received (Neh. 10: 38) from Israel to be given to the priests in Jerusalem. Yes…even the Levite tithed! Where was this tithe used? . Jerusalem—the House of God (Neh. 10: 35 -38) 55

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When STOREHOUSE What and where is the “treasure house” (H 214) and the “storehouse”? (H 214 & H 1004) Jerusalem, the House of God (3: 10 Neh. 10: 35 -38) "And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure (H 214) house. " —Neh. 10: 38 Storehouse = owtsar (H 214) used 79 times in the OT as "treasure" or "treasures" (61 times) and several times as "treasury" (10 times) or "storehouse" or "storehouses" (3 times), 56 "armory, " "garners“, and "store. "

Temple Storehouses Where were the storehouses located? (1 Kings 6: 4 -6, 10) 1

Temple Storehouses Where were the storehouses located? (1 Kings 6: 4 -6, 10) 1 Ki 6: 5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers (i. e. multiple rooms) round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: Were the storehouses large enough for all of Israel’s tithes? No. See their sizes in 1 Kings 6: 46, 10). The largest combined room would be 21 feet wide by 21 feet long by 7 1/2 feet tall. 57

STOREHOUSES 58

STOREHOUSES 58

STOREHOUSES 59

STOREHOUSES 59

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When

Malachi – The WHOLE Book! Ask the 5 W’s: Who, What, Why, Where, When What are the blessings and curses? Deut 28 which were all part of the Torah of which tithing is only one part! Why chose only one blessing (for tithing) when all the commandments are a blessing? What is the blessing / reward of the faithful Levites? Ezk 44: 15 -16 [Speaking of the 4 th Temple] But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, said the Lord YHVH: 16 They shall enter into my sanctuary, and they shall come near to my table, to minister unto me, and they shall keep my charge. 60

Malachi 3: 9 – The‘Kicker’! The Correct* Translation is: “You have cursed Me with

Malachi 3: 9 – The‘Kicker’! The Correct* Translation is: “You have cursed Me with a curse, for you have robbed Me, even this whole nation”. * “The Sopherium (Scribes) say that they altered the letter n (Mem=m) into p (nun=N), thus making it passive instead of active, and detaching it from the rest of the sentence. This was done to avoid a supposed irreverence”. E. W. Bullinger, The Companion Bible For more information on this change see: “The Emendations of the Scribes” by Dean & Susan Wheelock: 1997 & 2003, 24 p. 61

5 W’s—WHO Kings (Gov’t) to Take the Tithe What most Televangelists and Churches don’t

5 W’s—WHO Kings (Gov’t) to Take the Tithe What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you 1 Sam 8: 15 And he (the king) will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. 16 And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. 1 Sam 8: 17 He (the king) will take the tenth of your sheep: and you shall be his servants. WHY? Because they wanted a man for a King—Not God. (I Sam 8: 7) NOTE: Kings are not priests. 62

III. Jacob’s Vow: "The conditional 'vow' generally had a preceding clause before the oath

III. Jacob’s Vow: "The conditional 'vow' generally had a preceding clause before the oath giving the conditions which had to come to pass before the 'vow' became valid. ” —Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words 63

Jacob’s Vow 5 Parts to Jacob’s Conditional Vow: Gen 28: 20 And Jacob vowed

Jacob’s Vow 5 Parts to Jacob’s Conditional Vow: Gen 28: 20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, 1) If God will be with me, 2) and will keep me in this way that I go, 3) and will give me bread to eat, 4) and raiment to put on, 21 5) So that I come again to my father's house in peace; THEN 1) shall YHVH be my God: 22 2) And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: 3) and of all that you shall give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee. Jacob had fulfilled 2 parts of his 3 part conditional vow. 1. YHVH had brought him back to the “land” and Jacob had now made YHVH his God. 2. He had returned to Bethel, which is “house of God. ” He had built an altar, set up a pillar of stone and poured upon it a drink offering and oil. 3. “and of all that you shall give me” –had not yet 64

Jacob’s Vow 3) and of all that you shall give me… WHAT was Jacob

Jacob’s Vow 3) and of all that you shall give me… WHAT was Jacob promised to be given that he had not yet received? The land promised to Abraham…the “Promised Land”! The Abrahamic Covenant. And WHO could Jacob give the tithe to…anyways? Gen 15: 18 In the same day the YHVH made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto your seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: Gen 28: 13 -14 And, behold, the YHVH stood above it, and said, I am the YHVH God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon you lie, to thee will I give it, and to your seed; 14 And your seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in your seed shall the families of the earth be blessed. 65

Jacob’s Vow WHEN did Jacob / “Israel” finally inherit the land which YHVH had

Jacob’s Vow WHEN did Jacob / “Israel” finally inherit the land which YHVH had promised to him and Abraham? Exodus 33: 1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, [and] go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I swore unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it: Deuteronomy 1: 8 Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD swore unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them. (Gen 15: 18) And WHEN was Jacob / Israel required to pay tithes? Gen 28: 21 -22 …So that I come again to my father's house in peace…. and all that you shall give me…I will surely give the tenth unto thee. 66

IV. Number 31: 26 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey that

IV. Number 31: 26 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey that was taken… 27 And divide the prey into two parts; 28 And levy a tribute unto the LORD of the men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred… 30 30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty… 67

IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey

IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey that was taken… 27 And divide the prey into two parts; 28 And levy a tribute unto the LORD of the men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred… 30 30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty… Humans and beasts counted as plunder. But no 10% required. --Part of their spoils had to be killed; --0. 02% given to the high priest. --Non-fighters gave 2. 0% to the Levites (ministers). Where does it say 10% of everything…of gross? 68

IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey

IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 Num 31: 26 Take the sum of the prey that was taken… 27 And divide the prey into two parts; 28 And levy a tribute unto the LORD of the men of war which went out to battle: one soul of five hundred… 30 30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty… Humans and beasts counted as plunder. But no 10% required. --Part of their spoils had to be killed; --0. 02% given to the high priest. --Non-fighters gave 2. 0% to the Levites (ministers). Where does it say 10% of everything…of gross? 69

V. Usury Once considered un-Biblical because Exodus 22: 25; --Ex 22: 25 If thou

V. Usury Once considered un-Biblical because Exodus 22: 25; --Ex 22: 25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall thou lay upon him usury. See also Lev. 25: 35 -37; Deut. 23: 19 -20; Nehe. 5: 7, 10; Ps. 15: 5. 70

V. Usury Once considered un-Biblical because Exodus 22: 25; --Ex 22: 25 If thou

V. Usury Once considered un-Biblical because Exodus 22: 25; --Ex 22: 25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall thou lay upon him usury. See also Lev. 25: 35 -37; Deut. 23: 19 -20; Nehe. 5: 7, 10; Ps. 15: 5. Those who quote the Old Testament to support tithing for Christians much avoid scriptures dealing with charging interest as being unlawful? WHY? 71

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not entitled to the tithe. How did Jesus finance His ministry? By donations! Examples: --Luke 8: 2 -3 And certain women…and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance. --Luke 10: 1 -8 people supplied housing and food. Apostle Paul was a Benjaminte—not a Levite—nor was he entitled to the tithes. 72

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not entitled to the tithe. How did Jesus finance His ministry? By donations! Examples: --Luke 8: 2 -3 And certain women…and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance. --Luke 10: 1 -8 people supplied housing and food. Apostle Paul was a Benjamite—not a Levite—nor was he entitled to the tithes. 73

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant ! Jesus was Jewish—not a Levite—and was not entitled to the tithe. How did Jesus finance His ministry? 74

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you!

VI. Tithing in the New Covenant What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Perhaps it should be made clear at this point, that Jesus did not use any money in the Treasury of Israel of which tithes on the land livestock were certainly a part. As mentioned before, Jesus, Himself, being from the tribe of Judah and not the tribe of Levi, could not legally receive tithes. Jesus was financed through free-will offerings from various people. 75

Tithing in the New Covenant Mat 13: 3 -9 And he spoke many things

Tithing in the New Covenant Mat 13: 3 -9 And he spoke many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; 4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up: 5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: 6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them: 8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. 9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Matt 13: 10 -12 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why do you speak to them in parables? 11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. 12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. 76

Tithing in the New Covenant Luke 8: 5 A sower went out to sow

Tithing in the New Covenant Luke 8: 5 A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. 6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. 7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. : 8 And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. 9 And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? 10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. Luke 8: 11 “Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. ” (!). 77

Tithing in the New Covenant It Bears Repeating: The “Seed” is the Word of

Tithing in the New Covenant It Bears Repeating: The “Seed” is the Word of God (Luke 8: 11). And what do Scriptures define as the fruit (of the seed)? Galatians 5: 22 -23 78

Tithing in the New Covenant Matt 23: 23 --Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees

Tithing in the New Covenant Matt 23: 23 --Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees (Levites!) hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other (i. e. tithing) undone. Ask the 5 questions: Who, What, Why, Where, When. Who is paid the tithe? Where are the Levites today? Where is the Temple in Jerusalem today? (Why not after 50 years? !) and… Why are people, today, tithing to non-Levites? 79

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order Christ is

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order Christ is not a member of the tribe of Levi…. but reckoned from the Tribe of Judah (Heb 7: 14). He cannot be a priest…unless it is a different order. 80

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed 3 TIMES since Genesis 14: 18

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed 3 TIMES since Genesis 14: 18 -20 And Melchizedek (remember the sons of Zadok in Ezekiel) king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. 19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered your enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. 1 st Change. Exodus 13: 2 Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. 81

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed TIMES since Genesis 2 nd Change.

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed TIMES since Genesis 2 nd Change. Num 8: 14 -16 Thus shall you separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine. 15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: … 16 For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me. 82

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed TIMES since Genesis 3 rd Change.

Tithing in the New Covenant Priesthood has changed TIMES since Genesis 3 rd Change. Hebrews 7: 1 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. What Law? (See 2 above & repeated below). 2. THIS LAW Num 8: 14 -16 Thus shall you separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be mine. 15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: … 16 For they are wholly given unto me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto me. 83

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order Heb 7:

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order Heb 7: 1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; Heb 7: 2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace Heb 7: 9 And as I may so say, Levi also, who receive tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. 10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him. Heb 7: 12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. WHAT LAW? See VERSE 13: Heb 7: 13 For he of whom these things are spoken pertains to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. Heb 7: 17 For he testifies You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. 84

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order “Cohen and

Tithing in the New Covenant Christ is Priest of a Different Order “Cohen and Sons” attorneys at law… lost the contract and fired for greed & incompetence. The new Executors of the Will and Inheritance are now… “Melchisedec and Sons” 85

Tithing in the New Covenant And How does Paul address the understanding of the

Tithing in the New Covenant And How does Paul address the understanding of the concept of the Melchisedec Priesthood to the Hebrews? Heb 5: 10 being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek. 11 About this we have much to say, and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing. Heb 5: 12 For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the basic principles of the oracles of God. You need milk, not solid food, 13 for everyone who lives on milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, since he is a child. Heb 5: 14 But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to 86 distinguish good from evil.

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 1. How does one pay tithes to Jesus Christ in heaven? 87

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 1. How does one pay tithes to Jesus Christ in heaven? 2. Christ is the only “spiritual” member of the Melchisedec priesthood. Do we have an elevator to heaven for tithes? 88

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 1. How does one pay tithes to Jesus Christ in heaven? 2. Christ is the only “spiritual” member of the Melchizedec priesthood. Do we have an elevator to heaven for tithes? 3. The individual believer is considered a priest and temple: 1 Peter 2: 5 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, 1 Peter 2: 9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; … 1 Cor 3: 16 Know you not that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? Should One, then, pay tithes to himself? 89

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 4. One cannot revert to Abraham and Melchizedek because the law subsequently changed twice (Exodus & Numbers) and a third time in Christ! Abe gave all away! (Gen 14: 23) 90

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 4. One cannot revert to Abraham and Melchizedek because the law subsequently changed twice (Exodus & Numbers and a third time in Christ! Abe gave all away! (Gen 14: 23) 5. The tithing law may or may not have been different at the time of Genesis. We do not know. But it does not matter because the law of the priesthood was subsequently changed! 91

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 4. One cannot revert to Abraham and Melchizedek because the law subsequently changed twice (Exodus & Numbers and a third time in Christ! Abe gave all away! (Gen 14: 23) 5. The tithing law may or may not have been different at the time of Genesis. We do not know. But it does not matter because the law of the priesthood was subsequently changed! 6. The “spoils” tithe was only ONE percent (1%) to the Levites (Num. 31: 27, 28); and only one tenth of one percent (. 1%) to the priests (Num. 31: 29, 30) – NOT 10% that Abraham paid. 92

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 7. There is no new theocracy (like ancient Israel) established in the New Testament / Covenant until Yeshua / Jesus returns. 93

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for

Tithing in the New Covenant THEREFORE… One cannot tithe to the Melchisedec priesthood for these reasons: 7. There is no new theocracy (like ancient Israel) established in the New Testament / Covenant until Yeshua / Jesus returns. RECALL The Two WARNINGS Deut. 4: 2 "You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take away from it, that you keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you" Deut 12: 32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If you tithe today…have you added to the word? 94

Tithing in the New Covenant Tithing was Before the Law at Mt Sinai. Not

Tithing in the New Covenant Tithing was Before the Law at Mt Sinai. Not only tithing, but all of the 10 commandments, including the Sabbath Day, the 5 major sacrifices, clean and unclean meats, etc were all instituted prior to Mt Sinai. Does Christianity wish to observe any of them? If not…why cherry pick and choose which ones to obey? 95

Tithing in the New Covenant Agricultural Produce was the Currency of the Day Review:

Tithing in the New Covenant Agricultural Produce was the Currency of the Day Review: “of the land” or “of the hand? ” Ancient Egypt (from the British Museum Web site) Before coins started to circulate in ancient Egypt around 500 BC, there was a system of values based on weights of gold, silver and copper. Metal measured in units of weight known as deben (around 90 g) could be used to settle bills and to trade. Records from the Eighteenth Dynasty (1550 -1295 BC) show that often the actual metal did not change hands; instead it was used to value goods for exchange. Egypt had no easily accessible source of silver, but the Egyptian word for silver, hedj, came to mean something close to 'money'. These ingots and metal rings date from the fourteenth century BC and were found at el-Amarna. https: //www. britishmuseum. org/explore/online_tours/africa/th 96 e_wealth_of_africa/ancient_egypt. aspx

Tithing in the New Covenant Agricultural Produce was the Currency of the Day Review:

Tithing in the New Covenant Agricultural Produce was the Currency of the Day Review: “of the land” or “of the hand? ” A number of Torah verses use the term “shekel”. The term is used a number of times beginning in Leviticus 27. What is a shekel? “Shekel (Akkadian: šiqlu or siqlu; Hebrew: שקל pl. shekels or sheqalim) is any of several ancient units of weight or of currency. Since it was a coin that represented a claim on a weight of barley held in the city warehouse, the term "shekel" was likely used in both contexts: 1) As the name of the coin, and; 2) To describe the measure of barley. This shekel was about 180 grains (11 grams or. 35 troy ounces). -Wikipedia https: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Shekel Can we then conclude that coins and metals were used as a means of currency before and at Moses’ day? 97

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”!

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”! / Lev 27: 30 -32 2) The tenth animal 3) The Levites gave the “best” as the tenth. 4) 3 tithes! 5) Levites paid tithes 98

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”!

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”! / Lev 27: 30 -32 2) The tenth animal 3) The Levites gave the “best” as the tenth. 4) 3 tithes! 5) Levites paid tithes WHEN: Year by Year (Annually) / Deut 14: 22 ! 99

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”!

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”! / Lev 27: 30 -32 2) The tenth animal 3) The Levites gave the “best” as the tenth. 4) 3 tithes! 5) Levites paid tithes WHEN: Year by Year (Annually) / Deut 14: 22 WHY: For Temple service and no land inheritance Holy to YHVH / Lev 27: PRINCIPLE of TITHING is: INHERITANCE! 100

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”!

Tithing Review WHAT: 1) Tithe Agriculture and Animals Of the “Land”…not of the “Hand”! / Lev 27: 30 -32 2) The tenth animal 3) The Levites gave the “best” as the tenth. 4) 3 tithes! 5) Levites paid tithes WHEN: Year by Year (Annually) / Deut 14: 22 WHY: For Temple service and no land inheritance Holy to YHVH / Lev 27: PRINCIPLE of TITHING is: INHERITANCE! WHO: Children of Levi (Levites) / Num 18: 21 101

Tithing Review What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Tithe is only for

Tithing Review What most Televangelists and Churches don’t tell you! Tithe is only for the Levites. No Temple Today and No Levitical Priesthood. Tithe was the Levitical Inheritance. “Principle” is Inheritance. Should ministers receive their tithe inheritance…when believers do not receive their land inheritance? 2 tithes (perhaps 3? )—not just 1 commanded! (+ offerings). Even Levites had to tithe to Jerusalem. The King—i. e. the Government—takes your tithes. The “Seed” is the Word of God (Luke 8: 11). It is not money. “Sow” the Word. 102

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the Levitical priesthood included teaching, temple services, judging (elders) in a court system. (Ex 18: 22; Deut 1: 16; 16: 18, 17: 8 -9; 25: 2) Where are the ministers teaching and being our judges today? Why public schools which cost additional money? 103

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the Levitical priesthood included teaching, temple services, judging (elders) in a court system. (Ex 18: 22; Deut 1: 16; 16: 18, 17: 8 -9; 25: 2) Where are the ministers teaching and being our judges today? Why public schools which cost additional money? 2. The responsibilities of the early church in the colonies included schools—which were paid for by tithes. Are your children being taught and paid by your tithes? When and why did the church abdicate their teaching responsibilities? 104

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 1. The responsibilities of the Levitical priesthood included teaching, temple services, judging (elders) in a court system. (Ex 18: 22; Deut 1: 16; 16: 18, 17: 8 -9; 25: 2) Where are the ministers teaching and being our judges today? Why public schools which cost additional money? 2. The responsibilities of the early church in the colonies included schools—which were paid for by tithes. Are your children being taught and paid by your tithes? When and why did the church abdicate their teaching responsibilities? 3. Give responsibly. You must see the documentary video “Poverty, Inc. ” Check your local library for it. It reveals how charities are big business which are enabling people and not really helping them. 105

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY compensated. Is this Scripturally acceptable? Religious organizations must be financially transparent and open to questions. Authoritarian run groups generally do not wish much or any transparency. Refer to Charity Navigator for ratings. 106

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY compensated. Is this Scripturally acceptable? Religious organizations must be financially transparent and open to questions. Authoritarian run groups generally do not wish much or any transparency. Refer to Charity Navigator for ratings. 5. Religious organizations are competitive and empire building with duplications of efforts. (The Civil War was also a religious war supported by southern ministries). 107

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 4. Some televangelists are EXTREMELY compensated. Is this Scripturally acceptable? Religious organizations must be financially transparent and open to questions. Authoritarian run groups generally do not wish much or any transparency. Refer to Charity Navigator for ratings. 5. Religious organizations are competitive and empire building with duplications of efforts. (The Civil War was also a religious war supported by southern ministries). 6. ALL of us are individually held accountable. And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and toward men. —Acts 24: 16 108

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 7. See Appendices C and

BUT… What if you still wish to tithe? Consider… 7. See Appendices C and I 109

VII. What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O

VII. What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O man, what is good; and what does YHVH require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God? —Micah 6: 8 110

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O man,

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O man, what is good; and what does YHVH require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God? —Micah 6: 8 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. —Rom 12: 1 111

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O man,

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? He has told thee, O man, what is good; and what does YHVH require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God? —Micah 6: 8 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. —Rom 12: 1 I have showed you all things, how that so laboring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. —Acts 20: 35 112

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS 2 Cor 9: 6

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS 2 Cor 9: 6 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which sows bountifully shall reap also bountifully. 7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver. — 2 Cor 9: 7 (Remember the kids, widows, poor and others. ) 113

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS Pure religion and undefiled

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit (G 1980) the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. —James 1: 27 G 1980: episkeptomai = "to look upon in order to help or to benefit" and "to look after, have care for, provide for. " Example: The Good Samaritan. —Luke 10: 33+ 114

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS Pure religion and undefiled

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO OTHERS Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit (G 1980) the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world. —James 1: 27 G 1980: episkeptomai = "to look upon in order to help or to benefit" and "to look after, have care for, provide for. " Example: The Good Samaritan. —Luke 10: 33+ "I was sick , and ye visited (G 1980) me. “…. "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. “ —Matt. 25: 36 & 40 115

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE WORLD Go ye therefore,

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE WORLD Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. —Mat 28: 19 -20 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature. —Mark 16: 15 116

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him who is instructed in the word communicate (i. e. share) with him who is instructing--in all good things. —Gal 6: 6 117

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him who is instructed in the word communicate (i. e. share) with him who is instructing--in all good things. —Gal 6: 6 Have we (the ministry) no right to eat and drink? —I Cor 9: 5+ 118

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him who is instructed in the word communicate (i. e. share) with him who is instructing--in all good things. —Gal 6: 6 Have we (the ministry) no right to eat and drink? —I Cor 9: 5+ Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. (hire) —Matt 10: 10 119

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY And let him who is instructed in the word communicate (i. e. share) with him who is instructing--in all good things. —Gal 6: 6 Have we (the ministry) no right to eat and drink? —I Cor 9: 5+ Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. (hire) —Matt 10: 10 Unlike so many, we do not peddle the Word of God for profit. — 2 Cor 2: 17 NIV 120

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY QUESTIONS Should believers

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY QUESTIONS Should believers buy literature from other teachers? Should Students have to pay to go to college /seminary to learn Scripture. Should believers ostracize those that “sell” the truth. Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding. —Prov 23: 23 121

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY QUESTIONS Should believers

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? TO THE MINISTRY QUESTIONS Should believers buy literature from other teachers? Should Students have to pay to go to college /seminary to learn Scripture. Should believers ostracize those that “sell” the truth. Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding. —Prov 23: 23 Otherwise…. How do colleges exist and how do teachers live and raise families in today’s world by just giving and giving? 122

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? Therefore to him that knows to

What does God Require of Us— Us Today? Therefore to him that knows to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin. —James 4: 17 Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. —Luke 17: 33 123

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. —

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. — Anonymous 124

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. —

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. — Anonymous “We make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give. ” —Winston Churchill 125

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. —

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. — Anonymous “We make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give. ” —Winston Churchill “No one has ever become poor by giving. ” —Anne Frank, Jewish Dutch Diarist during Nazi occupation 126

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. —

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. — Anonymous “We make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give. ” —Winston Churchill “No one has ever become poor by giving. ” —Anne Frank, Jewish Dutch Diarist during Nazi occupation “It’s not how much we give but how much love we put into giving. ” —Mother Teresa 127

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. .

Giving: Contemporary Quotes When it comes to giving, some people stop at nothing. . —Anonymous “We make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give. ” —Winston Churchill “No one has ever become poor by giving. ” —Anne Frank, Jewish Dutch Diarist during Nazi occupation “It’s not how much we give but how much love we put into giving. ” —Mother Teresa “Earn as much as you can. Save as much as you can. Invest as much as you can. Give as much as you can. ” —John Wesley, Founder of Methodism 128

Giving: Contemporary Quotes In this world there are givers and takers, the takers sometimes

Giving: Contemporary Quotes In this world there are givers and takers, the takers sometimes eat better, the givers always sleep better. —Marlo Thomas, actress. 129

Giving Brighten someone’s day! You are never so poor that you cannot give a

Giving Brighten someone’s day! You are never so poor that you cannot give a smile away to a friend or stranger… (So what if they think you are crazy ) Give a compliment in a demanding, competitive world. 130

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands. 7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (G 1410) dunamis=miraculous power and of agape, and of a sound mind. —Tim 1: 6 -7 131

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands. 7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (G 1410) dunamis=miraculous power and of agape, and of a sound mind. —Tim 1: 6 -7 § But faith which works by agape (not phileo). —Gal 4: 6 132

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands. 7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (G 1410) dunamis=miraculous power and of agape, and of a sound mind. —Tim 1: 6 -7 § But faith which works by agape (not phileo). —Gal 4: 6 § By this shall men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have agape one to another. —John 13: 35 133

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands. 7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (G 1410) dunamis=miraculous power and of agape, and of a sound mind. —Tim 1: 6 -7 § But faith which works by agape (not phileo). —Gal 4: 6 § By this shall men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have agape one to another. —John 13: 35 § And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and “do” exploits. —Dan 11: 32 134

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir

IN CLOSING: the POWER § Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands. 7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power (G 1410) dunamis=miraculous power and of agape, and of a sound mind. —Tim 1: 6 -7 § But faith which works by agape (not phileo). —Gal 4: 6 § By this shall men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have agape one to another. —John 13: 35 § And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and “do” exploits. —Dan 11: 32 § Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than 135 these shall he “do”; because I go unto my Father—John 14: 12

Let’s prepare to “do”. 136

Let’s prepare to “do”. 136

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? Summary Conclusions Tithing is agriculturally based There is no

Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? Summary Conclusions Tithing is agriculturally based There is no Levitical priesthood / Temple to tithe to. Ministers cannot have a tithe inheritance without members receiving a land inheritance. There is a change of priesthood: Jesus Christ. Spirit led believers are also called priests. We are not to add or take away from the Word of God. We live under a secular government – not a theocracy. A believer is to offer their life – not a “tenth”. We are to be a giving and loving people. Believers have the earnest of the Spirit of power. Is that power is still available today to preach the Gospel? Let’s prepare to do! 137

Q&A Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? 138

Q&A Tithing Is Tithing Applicable Today? 138

APPENDIX A A list of every Bible text on Tithe(s) / Tithing Genesis 14:

APPENDIX A A list of every Bible text on Tithe(s) / Tithing Genesis 14: 17 -20 Genesis 28: 20 -22 Leviticus 27: 30 -34 Numbers 18: 19 -28 Deuteronomy 12: 1 -19 Deuteronomy 14: 22 -29 Deuteronomy 26: 12 -13 1 Samuel 8: 14 -17 2 Chronicles 29: 35 2 Chronicles 31: 1 -12 Amos 4: 2 -6 Nehemiah 10: 37 -38 Nehemiah 12: 44 Nehemiah 13: 5, 12 Malachi 3: 7 -10 Matthew 23: 23 Luke 11: 42 Luke 18: 9 -14 Hebrews 7: 1 -19 139

APPENDIX B A list of every Bible text on Melchizedek Genesis 14: 18 Psalm

APPENDIX B A list of every Bible text on Melchizedek Genesis 14: 18 Psalm 110: 4 Hebrews 5: 6, 10 Hebrews 6: 20 Hebrews 7: 1, 15, 17, 21 140

APPENDIX C WHICH CHURCHES TITHE TODAY: GENERALIZATIONS Tithe Paying Churches Assemblies of God Baptists

APPENDIX C WHICH CHURCHES TITHE TODAY: GENERALIZATIONS Tithe Paying Churches Assemblies of God Baptists Churches of God (many) Holiness Jewish Orthodox* Latter Day Saints (Mormons) Messianic Jewish (? ) Pentecostal Seventh Day Adventists Non-Tithe Paying Christian (some) Jehovah Witnesses Jewish* Messianic Jewish (? ) * See Appendices D and I 141

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? “According to the Rabbis. The laws of

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? “According to the Rabbis. The laws of tithing only apply to the land of Israel and the farmers in the Disaspora have no obligation to give tithes…. Many observant Jews today do donate a tenth of their annual income to charity”— Rabbi Louis Jacobs. Tithing. Retrieved 1/13/18 https: //www. myjewishlearning. con/article/tithing Orthodox Jews continue the custom of tithing of 10% of one's earnings to charities. Animals are not tithed because there is no temple. (Maimonides. "Mishneh Torah, Sefer Korbanot: Bechorot, Perek 6, Halacha 2). https: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Tithe 142

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? “Historically, American Protestant churches and synagogues shared

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? “Historically, American Protestant churches and synagogues shared a fundraising model. Both charged “pew rents, ” or fees for seats, with rates often based on the particular seat’s desirability. The practice declined in Protestant churches in the late 19 th century and had essentially disappeared by the 1940 s. ” http: //forward. com/articles/131095/#ixzz 1 gd. MAj. U 5 m 143

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Some Jewish people do not tithe today

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Some Jewish people do not tithe today because even they recognize that tithing is not applicable without a Levitical priesthood and Temple--yet they are noted as being generous in their contributions Dues are a percentage of income (not 10%). As of 2017 mandatory dues are being discarded by some synagogues. Synagogues’ base dues vary widely: $1, 000 per family per year to $3, 000—according to officials within the Reform and Conservative movements. Reform Temples are generally the Highest Attendance is highest on High Holy Days; therefore, reserved seats cost $ Annual Dues—not reservations—are the primary source of 144 income.

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? PEW 2013 SURVEY* 46% pay dues to

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? PEW 2013 SURVEY* 46% pay dues to a synagogue or temple. Less than 1/3 belong to a synagogue. 22% state no religion. Table Sources: * Maayan Jaffe & Uriel Heilman. 2013, Oct 3. Pew Survey of U. S. Jews. Baltimore Jewish Times. http: //jewishtimes. com/12728/pew-survey-ofu-s-jews/news/ Retrieved 1/13/18. ** Michael Lipka. 2016, March 15. Pew Research. March 15, 2016. http: //www. pewresearch. org/fact-tank/2016/03/15/unlike-u-s-few-jewsin-israel-identify-as-reform-or-conservative/ Retrieved 1/13/18 ***J. Correspondent. 2002, August 16. Study Finds Orthodox Have Most Synagogues in U. S. The Jewish News of Northern California. https: //www. jweekly. com/2002/08/16/study-finds-orthodox-have-mostsynagogues-in-u-s/ Retrieved 1/13/18 145

APPENDIX D JEWS BY DENOMINATION in US and ISRAEL 6. 8 Million American Jews*

APPENDIX D JEWS BY DENOMINATION in US and ISRAEL 6. 8 Million American Jews* (2. 2% of U. S. Population) U. S. Synagogues *** Reformed 35% No Denomination 30% Conservative 18% 23% 2% Orthodox 10% 40% 50% 6% 3% 2% Other Denomination 26% Israel** 3% 41% (Hilonim) 3727 total # Sources on preceding page Many Orthodox shuls are smaller than Conservative and Reformed Synagogues: 20 -30 members versus 200 -300 members 146

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Deut 14: 22 Thou shall truly tithe

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Deut 14: 22 Thou shall truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field brings forth year by year. "From this we could deduce that only agricultural produce must be tithed. How can we deduce that it applies to loan interest, trading, and all other profits? From the word "all"; frot the verse could have stated "your agricultural produce". What is the significans of "all"? To include loan interest, trading, and all other profits. " —Midrash Sifrei in Tosafot Ta'anit 9 a in What About Tithing by Toby Janicki. 2014. First Fruits of Zion. 97 p; p 30. 147

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Tobi Janicki, author, What About Tithing? ".

APPENDIX D Do the Jewish People Tithe? Tobi Janicki, author, What About Tithing? ". . . Judaism teaches that setting aside a 10 -precent of all income is the normal practice and an expected spiritual discipline for those who call themselves Torah observant. ” (p 77). He agrees that Torah does not teach "set aside 10 -percent for the LORD”. He writes that because the land belongs to God, that it was necessary for Israel to tithe agricultural produce. (p 78) Is all the earth God's (Ex 19: 5). Most Jews require tithing on the following crops: the grains wheat, barley, oats spelt and rye, wine from grapes and oil from olives. Fruits and Garden herbs such as dill, mint and cummin (Matt 23; 23) were therefore excluded from agricultural produce. (p 7, 30, 31) But fruits and vegetables were included. --Rabbi Louis Jacobs. Tithing. Ibid. Does God separate out certain crops in Lev 27: 30 -32? 148

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18:

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18: 11 -12 1 Cor 16: 2 Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store (G 2343), as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. This does not call a church a “storehouse”. It just tells the giver how to handle a gift, as below. 2 Cor 12: 14 Behold, the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be burdensome to you: for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up (G 2343) for the parents, but the parents for the children. G 2343 the saurizo thay-sow-rid'-zo From G 2344; to amass or reserve (literally or figuratively): - lay up (treasure), (keep) in store, (heap) treasure (together, up). 149

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18:

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18: 11 -12 Luke 18: 1112 The Pharisee. . . I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. “This was the Pharisee’s righteousness, and the ground on which he builded his hope of final salvation. ” — Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible in E-Sword. “The bi-weekly fast of the Pharisees was a mere burden imposed by the oral Law. The days chosen were Thursday and Monday, because on those days Moses was believed to have ascended and descended from Sinai, Babha Kama, f. 82, 1. ” — The Cambridge Bible of Schools and Colleges in. E-Sword. 150

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18:

APPENDIX E I Cor. 16: 2 and I Cor. 12: 14 and Luke 18: 11 -12 “This was probably the Jewish custom. The Pharisees are said to have fasted regularly on the second and fifth days of every week in private. This was “in addition” to the public days of fasting required in the law of Moses, and they, therefore, made more a matter of “merit” of it because it was voluntary. ” —Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible in ESword. “The Pharisees added others [i. e. fasts], twice a week between passover and pentecost, and between tabernacles and dedication of the temple. ” —Robertson's — Word Pictures in E-Sword. CONCLUSION: These fasts and the tithing “of all I possess” are not mentioned or mandated in Scripture. 151

APPENDIX F Tithing in the Early U. S. “In the early days of our

APPENDIX F Tithing in the Early U. S. “In the early days of our nation, the tithe supported not only churches, but church schools, and colleges, and provided for a variety of other social needs”— Marshal Foster and Mary-Elain Swanson. 1983. The American Covenant the Untold Story in Mark A. Beliles and Stephen K. Mc. Dowell. 1989 America’s Providential History. p 253, 254. “In the early 1800 s the clergy and church began to gradually crease providing leadership in our public universities and schools…Horace Mann convinced Massachusetts that the answer was to let civil government take charge of it instead of the private sector (families and churches). ” —Mark A. Beliles and Stephen K. Mc. Dowell. 1989 America’s Providential History. p 253. .

APPENDIX G Joseph and the Exodus Joseph Gen 47: 23 -24 Then Joseph said

APPENDIX G Joseph and the Exodus Joseph Gen 47: 23 -24 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. 24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones. 20% not 10% given to Pharaoh in “ancient times”. 153

APPENDIX G Joseph and the Exodus 35: 22, 29; 36: 3, 7 Men and

APPENDIX G Joseph and the Exodus 35: 22, 29; 36: 3, 7 Men and women, as many as were willing hearted, brought bracelets, and earrings, and tablets, all jewels of gold and. . . the children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the Lord. . . They brought yet unto him [Moses] free offerings every morning. . . the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much. “ Nothing mentioned about 10% • 154

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Jewish Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Judaica, 5050

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Jewish Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia Judaica, 5050 Judaica, s. v. “tithe. ” indicates that tithes were political taxes: “As may be learned from 1 Sam. 8: 15, 17 and from Ugarit the tithe could also be a royal tax which the king could exact and give to his officials. This ambiguity of the tithe, as a royal due on the one hand, and as a sacred donation on the other, is to be explained by the fact that the temples to which the tithe was assigned were royal temples (cf. Amos 7: 13) and, as such, the property and treasures in them were put at the king’s disposal…. ” “As is well known, the kings controlled the treasures of palace and temple alike, which is understandable, since they were responsible for the maintenance of the sanctuary and its service…. It stands to reason that the tithe, which originally was a religious tribute, came to be channeled to the court, and 155 was therefore supervised by royal authorities. ”

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Duties of 38, 000 (?

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Duties of 38, 000 (? ) Tithe-Receiving Levites (1 Chron. 28: 32 & 23: 4 -5) Servants to King: (1) “for every matter pertaining to God, ” and (2) “affairs of the king” (I Chron. 26: 32). 24, 000 Temple Workers (23: 4) 6, 000 civil and religious judges and officers (23: 4; 26: 29 -31), “leaders (i. e. lesser rulers? ), priests, and Levites” (23: 2). There were 6, 000 Levites who served as governmental judges and treasurers in the Levitical cities: 1, 700 judged and collected revenue in one region of the country, 2, 700 in another region, and (evidently) 1, 600 in a third region (26: 31 -32). . 156

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Duties of 38, 000 (?

APPENDIX H How Did King David Handle the Tithes? Duties of 38, 000 (? ) Tithe-Receiving Levites (1 Chron. 28: 32 & 23: 4 -5) 4, 000 civil and religious guards (23: 5) (Neh. 13: 22) 4, 000 singers (23: 5) 4, 600 earlier served as soldiers (1 Chron. 12: 23, 26) Chron 27: 5) (1 Reference: Ezra 2: 40 -42, 61; Neh. 7: 43 -45; Neh. 8: 9; 10: 28, 39; Neh. 12: 44 -45. CONCLUSION: KING DAVID HANDLED THE TITHES IN A RIGHTEOUS MANNER —He was not corrected on this matter— 157

APPENDIX I Tithing Teachings & Traditions Other non Jewish and Gentile traditions, such as

APPENDIX I Tithing Teachings & Traditions Other non Jewish and Gentile traditions, such as those contained in the first century Didache (Gr=teaching, also known as The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles), gave the tithe or firstfruits (it is not clear) to roving prophets. Should these Jewish and Gentile traditions be confused with the widespread, Christian acknowledgement by the many churches today that they teach only the words of Scripture? Paul describes that “all they which are in Asia be turned away from me. ” (II Tim 1: 15) To what extent did the “falling away” affect teachings at that time? . 158

APPENDIX I Tithing Teachings and Traditions “The early church had no tithing system…But as

APPENDIX I Tithing Teachings and Traditions “The early church had no tithing system…But as the church expanded and its material needs became more numerous and complex, it became necessary to adopt a definite rule which people could be held wither by a sense of moral obligation of the Old Law provided an obvious model, and it began to be taught…The Council of Macon in 584 ordered payment of tithes and threatened excommunication to those who refused to comply. ” New Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol XIV p 174 -175. The Synod of Macon in France mandated tithing in 585 AD but were unsuccessful. Charlemagne allows church to legally collect tithes in 777 A. D. This included sources other than farming and herds. Encyclopedia Britannica. 1963. Tithes. Vol 2. p 253 159

APPENDIX J Selected Resources 1. Collins, Steven. 2012, Feb. Biblical Teachings Regarding Tithing. 2.

APPENDIX J Selected Resources 1. Collins, Steven. 2012, Feb. Biblical Teachings Regarding Tithing. 2. Kelly, Russell Earl. Ph. D. 2000. Should the Church Teach Tithing? 3. Pifer, Garry D. n. d. What Does the Bible Say About Tithing? The above are available on the internet. “Google” them! 4. Janicki, Toby. 2014. What About Tithing? First Fruits of Zion. 97 p. 160

Versions 1. 0 1. 1 1. 2 Presented at Season of Our Joy Sukkot.

Versions 1. 0 1. 1 1. 2 Presented at Season of Our Joy Sukkot. 9/24/10 Added Storehouse definition, additional Malachi references. Modified introduction, added Malachi subtitles, emendation, Jacob’s vow, and contemporary giving slides with color slide changes. 1. 21 Added Jehovah’s Witnesses to non-tithe paying churches. 10/31/10 1. 22 Added Gal 6: 6 to giving. 11/23/10 1. 23 Added Jewish Encyclopedia reference on King’s use of tithe. 12/14/10 1. 24 Added additional explanation to Jacob’s Vow. 7/19/11 1. 30 Added So What! (But in v 2. 0) p 86, 87, 88 11/12/11 1. 31 Added p 30 2 nd tithe example; p 51, 52, & 53 Storehouse info & Temple plan showing storehouses; Appendices C & D 12/16/11. 1. 32 Modified p 61 to read 5 conditions – note 3 – to Jacob’s vow & added Appendix E. 7/12/12 1. 33 Added Hebrews 5: 10 -14 (p 75) & new Appendix E. 8/21/12 and relabeled old Appendix E tp F. 1. 34 Modified So What to But… 2/22/13 and deleted p 88 1. 35 Added Pifer as a Selected Resource 10/7/13 1. 36 Added Rationals 6, 7 & 8 for why people tithe today. p 10 Tithing was before the Law at Mt. Sinai. p 85 Agricultural Produce was the Currency of the Day. p 86 5/18/14 2. 00 Reformatted, Renumbered pages and Retitled presentation with additional new material including Appendices C and I. 1/14/18

Versions 2. 1. Added IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 and V. Usury

Versions 2. 1. Added IV. Numbers 31: 26 -30 and V. Usury