Thesis Writing A Guide to Thesis Writing Writing

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Thesis Writing A Guide to Thesis Writing —— Writing the First Draft weixiaohonghd@163. com

Thesis Writing A Guide to Thesis Writing —— Writing the First Draft [email protected] com

Draft Writing First Draft 1. Suggestions 3. Language 2. Style 4. Mechanics

Draft Writing First Draft 1. Suggestions 3. Language 2. Style 4. Mechanics

Suggestions 写作建议 1) Making a Plan (制定写作计划): 2) Each time focus on one chapter

Suggestions 写作建议 1) Making a Plan (制定写作计划): 2) Each time focus on one chapter or part. 3) Finish thesis step by step. Writing the first draft

Suggestions 写作建议 2)Following the Process of Writing(遵循写作规律): 1. (1) Brain-storming: 2. writing down whatever

Suggestions 写作建议 2)Following the Process of Writing(遵循写作规律): 1. (1) Brain-storming: 2. writing down whatever comes into your mind (2) Mind-mapping: organizing ideas expanding paragraphs Writing the first draft

Suggestions 写作建议 (3) Consultation: getting inspiration to enrich your ideas from references or a

Suggestions 写作建议 (3) Consultation: getting inspiration to enrich your ideas from references or a focused purposeful discussion. (4) Idea-noting: Taking down the new ideas Writing the first draft

Suggestions 写作建议 3) The first draft is not the final draft. You may write

Suggestions 写作建议 3) The first draft is not the final draft. You may write many before you finish your final one. Writing the first draft

Suggestions Attentions: 1) the organization and development of your ideas; 2) the unity and

Suggestions Attentions: 1) the organization and development of your ideas; 2) the unity and coherence of your presentation; 3) the command of sentence structure, grammar, and diction 4) capitalization, spelling, punctuation, etc.

Writing the First Draft Writing Style Language Focus Mechanics 返回

Writing the First Draft Writing Style Language Focus Mechanics 返回

Writing Style § 1) Usually, write in the third person § In this thesis

Writing Style § 1) Usually, write in the third person § In this thesis I want to discuss… § √ The present thesis attempts to discuss… § Now I want to conclude that… § √ It is concluded that…

Writing Style § 2) Write straightforwardly § The style should be neither artificially formal

Writing Style § 2) Write straightforwardly § The style should be neither artificially formal nor as loose and relaxed as a personal letter. § Writers don’t usually… § √ Writers do not usually…

Writing Style § 3) Always refer to individuals by their full name (given and

Writing Style § 3) Always refer to individuals by their full name (given and surnames) or by surname alone. § √ Steinem says… or Gloria Steinem § ——not “Gloria says…” § √ Dr. Jane Smith, President Truman, Dame Sutherland…

Writing Style 4) Write as specifically as possible § Everyone in China is learning

Writing Style 4) Write as specifically as possible § Everyone in China is learning English. § √ Many people in China are learning English. § Young √ five years old § Strive to say exactly what you mean and never let the reader guess at your intention.

Writing Style § 5) Show no bias toward a person’s age, sex, race, political

Writing Style § 5) Show no bias toward a person’s age, sex, race, political attitude, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, or national origin unless such information is necessary to what you are writing (or appears in a passage you quote). § Fairness should be evident in your own writing. § But you cannot change what other people have written or said.

Writing Style § No longer use he , him or his; she, her §

Writing Style § No longer use he , him or his; she, her § e. g. § “If a young artist is not confident, he can quickly become discouraged. ” § — “If young artists are not confident, they can quickly become discouraged. ” § — “A young artist who is not confident can quickly become discouraged. ”

Writing Style 写作风格 Try to use carefully the direct quotations You should quote no

Writing Style 写作风格 Try to use carefully the direct quotations You should quote no more than 30% of your thesis. Requirements for Style 返回

Language Focus Tense Choice Unity Coherence 返回

Language Focus Tense Choice Unity Coherence 返回

Tense Choice § 1) Past tense: reference to single studies § e. g. §

Tense Choice § 1) Past tense: reference to single studies § e. g. § Jones (1987) investigated the causes of illiteracy. § The causes of illiteracy were investigated by Jones (1987).

Tense Choice § 2) Present tense: reference to areas of § § inquiry探究、�� e.

Tense Choice § 2) Present tense: reference to areas of § § inquiry探究、�� e. g. The causes of illiteracy have been widely investigated (Jones 1987, Ferrara 1990, Hyon 1994). There have been several investigations into the causes of illiteracy (Jones 1987, Ferrara 1990, Hyon 1994). Several researchers have studies the causes of illiteracy (Jones 1987, Ferrara 1990, Hyon 1994).

Tense Choice § 3) Present: reference to state of current knowledge § e. g.

Tense Choice § 3) Present: reference to state of current knowledge § e. g. § The causes of illiteracy are complex (Jones 1987, Ferrara 1990, Hyon 1994). § Illiteracy appears to have a complex set of causes (Jones 1987, Ferrara 1990, Hyon 1994). 返回

1) Unity § Maintain the order and continuity not only for the chapters or

1) Unity § Maintain the order and continuity not only for the chapters or sections but for thesis as a whole, presenting ideas, observations or generalizations in a logical and consistent sequence. § A unified paper is one that deals with a single subject and a single idea. 返回

2) Coherence 连贯 A coherent writing should (1) hang together well, (2) hold the

2) Coherence 连贯 A coherent writing should (1) hang together well, (2) hold the attention of readers, (3) help them move from one point to another. Requirements for Coherence

2) Coherence 连贯 Methods: (1) Transitional words and phrases (2) Pronouns (such as “he,

2) Coherence 连贯 Methods: (1) Transitional words and phrases (2) Pronouns (such as “he, she, they, them, those”) (3) Repetition of key words and phrases Requirements for Coherence

2) Coherence 连贯 (4) Consistent point of view It is better for you to

2) Coherence 连贯 (4) Consistent point of view It is better for you to make thesis statement clear at the beginning of your thesis, develop and support it in thesis and repeat it at the end of your thesis. Requirements for Coherence

2) Coherence 连贯 (5) Integration (Combination) of information You need skillfully integrate them with

2) Coherence 连贯 (5) Integration (Combination) of information You need skillfully integrate them with your own text and not just string together a series of quotations and paraphrases. Do not over quote. Avoid patchwork. Do not change your source. Requirements for Coherence 返回

Mechanics Numbers Abbreviations Italics and Titles 返回

Mechanics Numbers Abbreviations Italics and Titles 返回

1) Numbers § (1) seventy-five, three thousand— —should be spelled out. § (2) Use

1) Numbers § (1) seventy-five, three thousand— —should be spelled out. § (2) Use numerals for dates, page, street, serial, and telephone numbers.

1) Numbers § (3) A sentence should not begin with a numeral. § If

1) Numbers § (3) A sentence should not begin with a numeral. § If a number must begin a sentence, spell it out, but whenever possible, rewrite the sentence. § e. g. Five hundred and seventeen people visited the gallery last week. § Revised: Last week, 517 people visited the gallery. 返回

2) Abbreviations § Avoid abbreviations in the text of a research paper. § Exceptions:

2) Abbreviations § Avoid abbreviations in the text of a research paper. § Exceptions: § (1) Social titles: § Mr. Ms

2) Abbreviations (2) Professional and honorary titles: Dr. Prof. (3) Names of countries and

2) Abbreviations (2) Professional and honorary titles: Dr. Prof. (3) Names of countries and organizations: U. S. A. UN… (4) Abbreviations accepted as words: SARS, AIDS… 返回

3) Italics may be used to provide emphasis, to refer words as words, to

3) Italics may be used to provide emphasis, to refer words as words, to serve to indicate the correct reading of a word when it might be misunderstood. The use of italics should be kept to a minimum.

4) Titles of works (1) Titles in italics § Book, pamphlet, journal, newspaper, play,

4) Titles of works (1) Titles in italics § Book, pamphlet, journal, newspaper, play, long poem, magazine, film, name of vehicle.

4) Titles of works (2) Titles in quotation marks § Article in a journal,

4) Titles of works (2) Titles in quotation marks § Article in a journal, magazine, newspaper, encyclopedia, compilation; § short story; short poem; § chapter in a book; § lecture and unpublished thesis.

4) Titles of works § (3) Capitalization § the first and the last words

4) Titles of works § (3) Capitalization § the first and the last words in titles, § the first word after a colon 返回

Draft Writing First Draft 1. Suggestions 3. Language 2. Style 4. Mechanics

Draft Writing First Draft 1. Suggestions 3. Language 2. Style 4. Mechanics

Assignments § Write your first draft, giving a careful consideration to what we have

Assignments § Write your first draft, giving a careful consideration to what we have discussed. Writing makes a n exact man.

The End Thanks for your attention. Goodbye.

The End Thanks for your attention. Goodbye.