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Liquid Diet • A full liquid diet is made up only of fluids and foods that are normally liquid and foods that turn to liquid when they are at room temperature, like ice cream. It also includes strained creamy soups, tea, juice, milkshakes.
• A clear liquid diet is made up of only clear fluids and foods that turn to clear fluids when they are at room temperature. It includes things like clear broth, tea and strained juices.
Soft Diet • Mechanically Soft Diet Foods in puréed and mechanical soft diets have a smoother consistency than regular foods. They require very little or no chewing at all to swallow.
Bland Diet A bland diet is a diet consisting of foods that are generally soft, low in dietary fiber, cooked rather than raw, and not spicy. Fried and fatty foods, strong cheeses, whole grains (rich in fiber) are also avoided while on this diet.
Diet In Fevers It's not true that you should starve a fever. Your body burns more calories when you have a fever. If you don't eat enough nutrient-dense foods, you will lack the energy your immune system needs to help you recover quickly. There a different ways to treat fever and following a proper diet is very important for a quick recovery.
Generally during fever, a bland diet, which is smooth and soothing, is preferred. Diet during typhoid should be given close attention, as it is an important part of the treatment. Gastrointestinal discomforts are common in typhoid; so care should be taken while cooking food and also choosing foods that are easy to digest.
Diet in Malaria During the acute stage malaria, the patient is more likely to suffer from dehydration. Malaria causes symptoms such as frequent vomiting, profuse diarrhea, high fever and profuse sweating, which may cause the patient to lose excess body fluids. Malaria causes loss of appetite. A clear liquid diet can help hydrate the body as it recovers from malaria. A clear liquid diet also helps replace the electrolytes that are lost through vomiting, diarrhea and sweating.
Diet in Constipation • Drink more water and other liquids (8 eightounce glasses a day) – Liquid helps keep the stool soft – Avoid caffeine or alcohol which can dehydrate you
What Can You Do? • Eat more fiber – More beans, whole grains and bran cereals, fresh fruits, vegetables – Limit foods with no fiber (cheese, meat, sweets, processed foods)
Diet in Diarrhoea and Dysentery Diarrhoea is increased frequency of loose stools or watery stools. Diet must include mainly fluids like oral boiled water containing electrolytes. Fluids should be given frequently. A fiber free, soft and bland diet can be given thereafter.
Diet in Hypertension
Weight Management • Weight management recommendations are: – To maintain body weight in a healthy range, balance calories from foods and beverages with calories expended – To prevent gradual weight gain over time, make small decreases in food and beverage calories and increase physical activity
Diet in Diabetes • A diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat and added sugar, and moderate in calories. It is a healthydiet for anyone! The only difference is that you need to pay more attention to some of your food choices—most notably the carbohydrates you eat.