- Slides: 4
THE UDHR-1948 AN INTRODUCTION v SUPPORTING BASE DOCUMENT IS THE UN CHARTER v AS PART OF THE INTRNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS (IBHR) The idea of bringing out a ‘bill’ for the mankind is borrowed from the earlier two bills: - the French and the American v THE IBHR CONTAINS – THE UDHR  –THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS (ICCPR)  –THE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS (ICESCR) 
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DOCUMENTS • • MAGNA CARTA 1215 – freedom from arb. arrest, right to life, to property ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS 1688 – right to fair trial HABEAS CORPUS ACT 1679 – personal freedom AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE – 1776 AMERICAN CONSTITUTION – 1787 creation of limited government AMERICAN BILL OF RIGHTS – 1791 ten amendments FRANCH DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN -- 1789 EVENTS § § § BRITISH EVOLUTION OF RIGHTS AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE FRENCH REVOLUTION TWO WORLD WARS ANNIHILATION OF JEWS. IMPERIALISM THINKERS GREEKS AND STOICS, St. THOMAS AQUINAS, HUGO GROTIUS, THOMAS HOBBES, JOHN LOCKE
PROVISIONS OF THE UDHR CLASSIFICATION OF THE PROVISIONS v GENERAL [ART. 1 and 2] – Equality, liberty and dignity of the individual. Responsibility of the international community to protect rights. v CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS [ART. 3 -21] v ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS [ART. 22 -27] v CONCLUDING PROVISIONS [ART. 28 -30]
IMPORTANCE OF THE DECLARATION § It is universal. § It serves as a common standard for all. § It makes violation of rights an international concern. § It influenced the constitutions of all countries. § Creation of monitoring agencies under the ICCPR, the ICESCR and other treaties like CAT, CERD, CEDAW and CRC.