The Treaty of Portsmouth Signed July 13 1713
- Slides: 9
The Treaty of Portsmouth Signed July 13, 1713 By: Kaleb and Carter
What is the Treaty of Portsmouth? ● ● ● Agreement between the British and the Wabanaki Confederacy. The British agreed not to build on Wabanaki land any further and to trade at a neutral location. The Wabanaki agreed to stop attacks on the British, give back settlements and land taken from the British and any further problems between them to be decided by the British government.
What was the Wabanaki Confederacy? ● ● The Wabanaki Confederacy is made up of five Indigenous tribes that include: Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, and Penobscot. The Wabanaki Confederacy is located in the Acadia.
What Caused the Treaty of Portsmouth? ● ● ● When the war between the British and the French ended the British wanted to expand their land. The British knew that to get more land they had to fix their relationship with the Wabanaki. The whole point of the treaty of Portsmouth was for the British to gain land while the Wabanaki wanted to create peace between the two sides.
What Were the Affects of the Treaty of Portsmouth? ● ● ● Shortly after signing the treaty the British broke it by building on the Wabanaki’s land (Acadia). Soon after, the Wabanaki retaliated by attacking a newly built British fishing station. Attacks like this went on for the next 10 years. Between 1722 and 1725 there was many battles between the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British.
What were the Views of the People Involved with the Treaty? ● ● ● “Savages were to trusting. ”- Father Rale ( French) “ If they ( the British) attack them (Indigenous) ill-advisedly… we could help them only by the munitions (weapons) that we would give them. ” - Michel Bégon, administrative official of New France “We treat our Indians as allies not as subjects. ”-Governor General Vaudreil (French) Michel Bégon
What Was Important About This Treaty? ● ● The British signed the treaty of Portsmouth just to gain power by getting more land. Both the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British broke the treaty. The treaty was wrote in English and interpreted to the Wabanaki Confederacy. The Wabanaki Confederacy signed the treaty in pictures.
How Does This Treaty Affect Us Today? ● ● The treaty of Portsmouth affected Canada by starting a chain of broken treaties which is why we now have many problems with the Indigenous people. The British Crown signed 56 land treaties with the Indigenous people from 1670 -1923 and we are still having problems with these treaties nearly a century later. Medals like this one would be presented to chiefs after signing certain treaties.
The End! We hope you enjoyed our presentation about the Treaty of Portsmouth. We also hope that you learned a lot about the treaty.