- Slides: 14
The Transition from Paleolithic to Neolithic
The Paleolithic Age • Means “old stone” because humans used simple stone tools
The first humans… • Were nomadic – Moved from place to survive. • Followed animal herds and warmer weather. – First lived in caves, later in temp shelters made from wood animal hides. • Hunters and gatherers
• Homo erectus began using fire – Benefits? • Provides warmth • Keeps larger animals away. • Cooks food – Tasted better – Easier to chew – Lasted longer • Better nutrition + better quality of life = more people!
• Created Art – Painted mostly animals, – Bring good luck during hunts?
Beginnings of Civilization • Humans begin to discover agriculture… – Began planting and growing crops. – Domestication • Adapting animals for human use. – Source of meat, milk, wool, etc. • Can also do work.
Beginnings of Civilization • Humans now spend less time finding food… – Give up their nomadic lifestyles and begin settling in villages and towns instead. • This change in lifestyle is the Neolithic Revolution (Also called “Agricultural Revolution”) – The shift from hunting animals and gathering food to keeping animals and growing food.
Effects of the Neolithic Revolution • Once people began living in villages… • Need protection – Built walls • Have extra food • Build storehouses • “Anyone want to trade? ” • Can divide Labor – Different jobs for different people. • People do the job they are the best at.
Effects of the Neolithic Revolution • Society improves quickly… – Better tools are made – Writing begins – Better pottery and household items are made • With more wealth comes large villages… and armies…and