THE TITANIC HARLAND WOLFF SHIPYARD CO Harland Wolff
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HARLAND WOLFF SHIPYARD CO. • Harland Wolff built many ships for the White Star Line including the Titanic, and her sisters, the Britannic and the Olympic. • It took three years to build the Titanic and it cost $7. 5 million (about $400 million now). • The Titanic was as long as three football pitches and was as tall as a seventeen storey building.
THE VOYAGE • April 10 1912 > Titanic sets sail on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England to Cherbourg, France then on to Queenstown (now Cobh) and from there to its final destination in New York. • 1, 316 people boarded at Southampton. 281 people boarded at Cherbourg. 123 people boarded at Queenstown (Cobh).
FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD CLASS • First class was the most luxurious class there was. The most expensive ticket was sold for £ 870, or $4350! • • Second class was as good as first class on any other ship at that time. • Third class was not so good, and a ticket was sold for £ 3, or $15. • First class people were extremely rich. Their cabins were like entire houses!
The Sinking • At 2: 20 a. m. on April 15, 1912, the Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean about 643. 7 km (400 miles) south of Newfoundland, Canada. • The Titanic hit an iceberg. The iceberg tore a hole 91 metres long in the hull. • It took about 3 hours for it to sink. • They sent distress rockets, but the Californian (a ship which was only six miles away from them) thought that they were having a party.
SURVIVORS BREAKDOWN OF CLASS First Class Second Class Third Class 61% of first class passengers survived. 96% of the women survived. 86% of the children survived. 32% of the men survived. 43% of the second class passengers survived. 86% of the women survived. 100% of the children survived. 8% of the men survived. 25% of the third class passengers survived. 49% of the women survived. 31% of the children survived. 13% or the men survived.
WHOSE FAULT WAS IT ? Shipbuilder’s fault Captain Smith’s fault Californian captain Some people say that the ship builders used cheap rivets and iron to save money to use on the first class cabins. Captain Smith was thought to have ignored the iceberg warnings that the lookouts gave, and continued on at 22 knots towards the iceberg, as he wanted to make a world record for the fastest transatlantic voyage before he retired. Many think that the Californian captain was at fault as he had the radio turned off while he took a break and ignored the distress signals the Titanic gave. Experts say that the ship could have saved, with the Carpathia’s help, all of the passengers. Also thought that the water tight containers weren’t as large as they should have been, again to make the first class cabins bigger.
THE END Thank you!