- Slides: 69
“The steeling of the undergraduate mind” or, New Tools, New Temptations. Pieter Sijpkes School of Architecture Mc. Gill University SSEF annual joint engineers/architects meeting Quebec City March 1 2014
Thomas Cole ‘The architect’s dream’ 1840
The Engineer’s dream, Thomas Hart Benton, 1931
Architecture with neither architects nor engineers
Cram's Unrivaled Family Atlas of the World, Chicago IL. Lithograph color print.
Iron was very scarce in all these buildings
Cologne cathedral’s wrought iron roof 1850 Crystal Palace Cast Iron prefabricated frame 1851
The Eiffel tower among the ‘Old world’ buildings, and one of the competing designs for a 300 M tower to be executed in granite!
Cast iron development
Thomas Telford, single-span Thames bridge 1799
Stone vs cast iron http: //www. bbc. co. uk/history/british/victorians/launch_vt_iron_bridge. shtml
Reform Act Tower 1832 proposal Cast Iron
Centennial Tower London 1874
Original design of the Eiffel Tower
file: ///C: /Philo-2014/towerlecture/The%20 Project%20 Gutenberg%20 e. Book%20 of%20 Elevator%20 Syst ems%20 of%20 the%20 Eiffel%20 Tower, %201889, %20 by%20 Robert%20 M. %2 0 Vogel. htm
http: //www. google. com/culturalinstitute/collection/toureiffel? project. Id=historic-moments
Chicago Competition 1890
London Competition entries 1890
Watkin’s tower in London, abandoned.
Haeckel vs. Tower designs
Eiffel-Shukhov comparison Shukhov’s tower would have been higher than Eiffel’s and weigh only half as much. Only the lower radio communication tower was built.
The Singer Tower High-rise: The steel frame
Statue of Liberty 1886: main structure, outriggers, skin
Bilbao: main structure, outriggers, skin
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao resulted in a unit steel price for the 3, 900 tons of structural steel comparable to a standard steel framed building project and was a factor in the project opening on-time and within budget. Advances in the use of computers for steel detailing and fabrication now allow for the realization of extremely complex projects which perhaps ten years ago would have been deemed impossible. It can now be said that the versatility of steel has been extended to new applications in geometrically free-form architecture. Hal Iyengar is a Retired Partner,
Redundancy is a good thing
The Empire State building on fire
Redundancy is a good thing
Corruption is a bad thing The leaning tower of Cartagena
Architect’s perspective view: no columns!
Up up and away. .
Firmitas, commoditas, venustas Vitruvius 1 st century BC Culemborgh, Netherlands 1868 157 m. span Eads Bridge St Louis Mi. 1874 Chrome steel 158 m. span
Halle au Ble Paris. . 200 years of construction history in wood and wrought iron
The central marketpavilion restored thanks to Digicel