The Simple Past Tense The simple past tense
- Slides: 10
The Simple Past Tense The simple past tense is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adverb (yesterday, last week, tow days ago, etc. ) For example: 1 - I lived in South Africa for two years. 2 - She cleaned her room yesterday.
You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto the end of a regular verb , but irregular verb forms have to be learned.
Spelling rules for regular verb 1) Double the consonant if the consonant is stressed stop – stopped swap – swapped 2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –e love – loved save – saved 3)Verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant: Change 'y' to 'i' Then add -ed. hurry - he hurried (play – played)
Negative Sentences did not + verb (base form) Example 1 : I did not work yesterday or I didn’t work yesterday INCORRECT: I didn’t worked
Regular Verb (to Questions work) Statements + - ? Short answer + No, I didn't. I worked. I didn't work. Did I work? [He/She/It] worked. [He/She/It] didn't work. Yes, Did [he /she [he/she/It] / It] work? did. No, [he/she/I t] didn't. [You/ We/They] didn't work. Did [you/ we/they] work? No, [you/ we/they] didn't. worked. Yes, I did. Yes, [you/ we/they] did.
Question In the past simple we use did as a helping verb to form a question with Wh - word. 1 – He cleaned his car. ² What did he clean? 2 – I cocked the dinner. ² When did you cock? 3 – She wrote a book.
Past Continuous Tense 1 – We use this tense to talk about actions that were going on, or happening at a certain moment in the past. v At this time last Saturday, Ahmad was playing in the park with his friends. 2 - We often use past continuous to say what was in progress, when something happened: v The phone rang while I was doing my homework. v I was reading a comic book while my sister was watching TV. v When I was walking along the road, I saw a car hit a motorbike.
Positive and Negative in Past Continuous Positive Negative Subject + was + v-ing Subject+ wasn’t(not) + v-ing 1) I was studying. 1) I wasn’t (not) studying. 2) He was playing. 2)He wasn’t (not) playing. Subject + were + v-ing Subject + weren’t(not) + v-ing 1) You were reading. 1) You weren’t (not) reading. 2) They were sleeping. 2) They weren’t (not) sleeping
Making Yes/No Questions in Past Continuous Ø Was + He, She, It + v-ing? He was working. Was he working? Yes, he/ she/ it + was. No, he/ she/ it + wasn’t. Ø Were + you, we, they + v-ing? They was working. Were they working? Yes, you/ we/ they+ were. No, You/ we/ they + weren’t.
Making Wh- word Question in Past Continuous In the past continuous we use was or were to form a question with Wh - word. 1 – He was playing tennis at 9 o'clock last night. ² When was he playing tennis? 2 – You were cocking the dinner all the after noon yesterday. ² What were you doing all the after noon yesterday? 3 – She was writing a book When I visited her.