The Shawshank Redemption: Theme Directed by Frank Darabont
Themes and Issues l Many themes are explored in the film , however some of them are not typical of a stereotypical movie. l Themes explored: Hope Institutionalised Justice and Injustice Freedom and Imprisonment Redemption Humanity Friendship
Theme : Hope is set against its opposite despair. Most of the inmates are afraid of hope because they think it will destroy them. In contrast Andy wont surrender hope. He believes hope gives people a reason to live, a sense of freedom. He not only maintains hope himself but tries to give others the hope that life can and will get better, even in prison.
Theme : Hope l “Fear can hold you prisoner. Hope can set you free”. The discussion between Andy and Red reflect this. Red dismisses Andy’s desire to go to Mexico. “Get busy livin’ or get busy dyin”.
Theme : Hope l After Andy’s escape his legend grows, and he still gives hope to others. The idea of hope is linked to institutionalised and redemption. Those who lose hope are more likely to become institutionalised, where as the power of hope redeems. l Red must learn the importance of hope in order to stay alive, he needs to find a reason to live, this is fulfilling the promise he made to Andy.
Theme : Hope l “Remember Red, hope is a good thing. Maybe the best of things. It never dies. I'm hoping this letter finds you well”. l By journeying to Mexico, Red chooses hope over despair. He hopes to be reunited with Andy and to have a future.
Theme : Institutionalised The film looks at the effect on the individual adapting to prison life. Once the convicts conform they lose the ability to survive beyond the prison walls. l The inmates become too used to having everything decided for them. Brooks was a excellent example of a man being afraid of the outside world. l “In prison he was an important man, an educated man”.
Theme : Institutionalised l When Brooks learns he is about to be paroled he threatens Heywood with a knife. Brook’s release from prison and his experiences foreshadow Red’s journey from prison. l But Red has hope, as a result of his relationship with Andy.
Theme : Redemption The movie shows the triumph of the human spirit which can occur even in a place like Shawshank. l Red and Andy are both redeemed of their sins. l Andy felt guilty for driving his wife away. Red gives him absolution, and tells Andy he was not to blame. l
Theme : Redemption l Red’s redemption comes when he learns to have hope. l Hope and friendship have the power to redeem and are linked to the imagery of rebirth and resurrection.
Theme : Humanity and Inhumanity l The film explore the idea of good and evil. The 1 st half shows the inhumanity of Shawshank, where many officers and prisoners have lost their inhumanity. l The prison routines work at dehumanising the new arrivals by stripping them makes and reducing them to a number.
Theme : Humanity and Inhumanity l Andy represents the humanity while the warden, Hadley and the sisters represent the inhumane world of prison life. l Individual interests, music and knowledge are a number of things the men sustain to help them maintain their humanity. l The most important force in the film is friendship.
Symbols and Motifs